Essex County, New York
Learn more about Essex County, New York
|Essex County, New York|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Essex County.png|
Location in the state of New York
4,964 km² (1,916 mi²)
sq mi ( km²)
310 km² (120 mi²), 6.25%
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Essex County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.
In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State. (near Clunes)
Essex County was split from Clinton County in 1799.
 Notable people, past and present
- Vincent Colyer (1825-1888), a successful Nineteenth-century artist and humanitarian, was born in Bloomingdale.
- James Renwick, Jr. (1818-1895), a successful Nineteenth-century architect, was born in Bloomingdale.
- Johnny Podres (1932- ), Pitcher for Brooklyn Dodgers and 1955 World Series MVP, was born in Witherbee.
Essex County is in the northeastern part of New York State, just west of Vermont along the eastern boundary of the State. The eastern boundary of Essex County is Lake Champlain, which serves as the New York-Vermont border. The highest point in New York, Mount Marcy is in the Town of Keene.
The Ausable River forms a partial northern boundary for the county.
 Adjacent Counties
- Clinton County, New York - north
- Chittenden County, Vermont - northeast
- Addison County, Vermont - east
- Washington County, New York - south
- Warren County, New York - south
- Hamilton County, New York - southwest
- Franklin County, New York - northwest
As of the census² of 2000, there were 38,851 people, 15,028 households, and 9,828 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (22/mi²). There were 23,115 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.84% White, 2.81% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 2.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,028 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,823, and the median income for a family was $41,927. Males had a median income of $30,952 versus $22,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,194. 11.60% of the population and 7.80% of families were below the poverty line. 14.50% of those under the age of 18 and 8.60% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
 Cities, Towns, Villages, and other locations
- Chesterfield (town)
- Crown Point (town)
- Elizabethtown (town)
- Essex (town)
- Jay (town)
- Keene (town)
- Keeseville (village)
- Lake Placid (village)
- Lewis (town)
- Minerva (town)
- Moriah (town)
- Newcomb (town)
- North Elba (town)
- North Hudson (town)
- Port Henry (village)
- Saranac Lake (village)
- Schroon (town)
- St. Armand (town)
- Ticonderoga (town)
- Westport (town)
- Willsboro (town)
- Wilmington (town)
- => Designation in parentheses is the official political level.