Erie County, New York

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Erie County, New York
Image:Map of New York highlighting Erie County.png
Location in the state of New York
Formed 1821
Seat Buffalo
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,178 km² (1,227 mi²)
2,704 km² (1,044 mi²)
473 km² (183 mi²), 14.89%
 - (2000)
 - Density


Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 950,265. The county seat is Buffalo. The county's name comes from Lake Erie, which in turn comes from the Erie tribe of Indians who lived south and east of the lake before 1654.


[edit] History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Erie County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. In turn, Genesee County was created from Ontario County in 1802, and Niagara County was created from Genesee County in 1808.

While Erie County was part of Ontario County, all of Erie County was in the Town of Montgomery of Ontario County. As part of Genesee County, all of Erie County was part of the Town of Batavia of Genesee County. Soon, for a time, Erie County was designated the now defunct Town of Erie.

Erie County was created from Niagara County in 1821. Prior to that time the area now within the county had been composed of the Town of Clarence and the Town of Willink, both of which had been created in Niagara County. Clarence was comprised of the northern lands of the current Erie county, and Willinck the southern part. Clarence still exists as a town, but Willink has been partitioned completely into other towns in the county. By 1821, both these towns had already begun subdividing to form the new towns of the county.

[edit] Geography

Erie County is in the western portion of New York State, bordering on the lake of the same name. It is the most populous county in New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,178 km² (1,227 mi²). 2,704 km² (1,044 mi²) of it is land and 473 km² (183 mi²) of it (14.89%) is water. The northern border of the county is Tonawanda Creek. Part of the southern border is Cattaraugus Creek. Other major streams include Buffalo Creek (Buffalo River), Cayuga Creek, and Ellicott Creek.

The county's northern half, including Buffalo and its suburbs, is relatively flat and rises gently up from the lake. The southern half is much hillier.

The highest elevation in the county is a hill in the Town of Sardinia that tops out at around 1,940 feet (591 m) above sea level. The lowest ground is about 560 feet (171 m), on Grand Island at the Niagara River.

The Onondaga Escarpment runs through the northern part of Erie County.

[edit] Adjacent Counties

[edit] Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 950,265 people, 380,873 households, and 243,377 families residing in the county. The population density was 351/km² (910/mi²). There were 415,868 housing units at an average density of 154/km² (398/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.18% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 380,873 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, and the median income for a family was $49,490. Males had a median income of $38,703 versus $26,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,357. About 9.20% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Cities, Towns, Villages, and other locations

Image:Erie County NY map labeled.png
Map showing the municipalities of Erie County
  • label in parentheses refers to legal municipal designation.

[edit] Indian reservations

[edit] Information about Erie County

Erie County is home to the Buffalo Bills football team and the Sabres hockey team. The city also features a zoo, a botanical garden, a science museum, an historical museum, and the famous Albright-Knox Art Gallery.

The Erie County Fair, held every August in the Town of Hamburg, is one of the largest fairs in the country.

Plans to merge Erie County with the City of Buffalo have been suggested, which would eliminate much of the extensive bureaucracy and political and municipal subdivisions among the various towns, cities, and villages in the county. The result would be a consolidated city-county controlled by a single government, effectively making Buffalo's borders and population contiguous with Erie County's. These plans have proven very controversial; opposition has come from the rural villages on the borders of Erie County, which feel the plan would not benefit them, and the suburbs, which want to avoid the financial troubles of Buffalo and Erie County. [citation needed]

[edit] County Government

[edit] Executive Branch

  • County Executive Joel Giambra
  • Deputy County Executive Bruce Fisher
  • Comptroller Mark Poloncarz
  • District Attorney Frank Clark
  • Sheriff Tim Howard
  • County Clerk David Swarts

[edit] County Legislature

  • Chairwoman Lynn Marinelli
  • Majority Leader Maria Whyte
  • Minority Leader Barry Weinstein, M.D.
  • Legislator Daniel Kozub
  • Legislator George Holt
  • Legislator Michael Ranzenhofer
  • Legislator Kathy Konst
  • Legislator Demone Smith
  • Legislator Thomas Mazur
  • Legislator Cynthia Locklear
  • Legislator Michele Iannello
  • Legislator Robert Reynolds, Jr.
  • Legislator John Mills
  • Legislator Thomas Loughran

[edit] Educational institutions

Many educational institutions include: Bryant and Stratton, Buffalo State College, Canisius College, Daemen College, D'Youville College, Erie Community College, Hilbert College, Houghton College, Medaille College, Trocaire College, University at Buffalo, and Villa Maria College.

[edit] School Districts

  • Akron Central School District
  • Alden Central School District
  • Amherst Central School District
  • Buffalo City School District
  • Cheektowaga Central School District
  • Cheektowaga-Maryvale Union Free School District
  • Cheektowaga-Sloan Union Free School District
  • Clarence Central School District
  • Cleveland Hill Union Free School District
  • Depew Union Free School District
  • East Aurora Union Free School District
  • Eden Central School District
  • Evans-Brant Central School District (Lake Shore)
  • Frontier Central School District
  • Grand Island Central School District
  • Hamburg Central School District
  • Holland Central School District
  • Hopevale Union Free School District At Hamburg
  • Iroquois Central School District
  • Kenmore-Tonawanda Union Free School District
  • Lackawanna City School District
  • Lancaster Central School District
  • North Collins Central School District
  • Orchard Park Central School District
  • Springville-Griffith Institute Central School District
  • Sweet Home Central School District
  • Tonawanda City School District
  • West Seneca Central School District
  • Williamsville Central School District

[edit] External links

Municipalities and Communities of Erie County, New York
(County Seat: Buffalo)
Cities Buffalo | Lackawanna | Tonawanda
Towns Alden | Amherst | Aurora | Boston | Brant | Cheektowaga | Clarence | Collins | Concord | Eden | Elma | Evans | Grand Island | Hamburg | Holland | Lancaster | Marilla | Newstead | North Collins | Orchard Park | Sardinia | Tonawanda | Wales | West Seneca
Villages Alden | Angola | Blasdell | Depew | East Aurora | Farham | Gowanda | Hamburg | Kenmore | Lancaster | North Collins | Orchard Park | Sloan | Springville | Williamsville
CDPs Angola on the Lake | Billington Heights | Cheektowaga | Clarence Center | Eden | Elma Center | Harris Hill | Holland | Lake Erie Beach | North Boston | Tonawanda | Town Line | West Seneca
Reservations Cattaraugus Reservation | Tonawanda Reservation

Image:Flag of New York.svg State of New York

History | Education | Politics | People | Transportation (High-speed rail) | Authorities | Administrative divisions | Towns | Villages

Capital Albany

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[edit] References

pt:Condado de Erie (Nova Iorque) pl:Hrabstwo Erie (Nowy Jork) zh:伊利縣 (紐約州)

Erie County, New York

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