Enciclopedia Libre

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The Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español is a Spanish language Wiki encyclopedia, released under the GFDL. It uses the MediaWiki software.

Image:Portada El spanish 01-04-06.png
Enciclopedia Libre screenshot of April 1, 2006.


[edit] History

The Enciclopedia Libre was founded by contributors to the Spanish-language Wikipedia (Spanish Wikipedia), who decided to start an independent project. Led by Edgar Enyedy, they left Wikipedia on February 26, 2002 and seeded the new website, provided by the University of Seville for free, with the freely licensed articles of the Spanish-language Wikipedia.

[edit] Reasons for the split

The reasons for the split as explained on Enciclopedia Libre are at Why we are here and not in Wikipedia (in Spanish, under GFDL). Key issues included concerns about censorship and the threat of advertising on Wikipedia.

Below is a translation of this page from Enciclopedia Libre:

The principal motive for the project's separation lies in our rejection of censorship, of an editorial line, and of including advertising.

Critical voices were censored and the opinions of editors with administrative power continually used personal wording. <p>The commercial venture Bomis, Inc., owner of the wikipedia.com domain name, announced the possibility of hosting advertisements on wikipedia's pages. Moreover, this idea struck us as unfortunate, as it implied the existence of a commercialization of the selfless work of volunteers to profit Bomis, Inc. <p>Bomis, Inc. was asked for explanations, and for a promise not to include advertising in the Spanish wikipedia. <p>They neither gave explanations nor made any sort of promise and, in addition, they maintained an arrogant attitude out of line with what we understand should be respect among people and cultures, given that it was based on a supposed superiority. <p>In the face of this attitude, we have preferred to abandon that project and begin another from scratch, basing it on the following platform:

  • This encyclopedia is protected under GFDL.
  • This encyclopedia will not host any advertising.
  • This encyclopedia will not be directed by editors who censor and impose an editorial line.
  • Culture should not be a commercial object.
  • Everybody has the right to access culture freely.
  • Having been born in a one society or another depends not on individual merit, but only on chance.
  • The chance of place and time of birth cannot serve as basis for any negative discrimination.
  • No culture is superior to any other.

[edit] Possibility of a merger

In October 2002, an effort led by Wikipedia editor Daniel Mayer (who goes by the username Maveric149) and others was made to reunite the projects, but the participants of Enciclopedia Libre voted against reunification before Wikipedia could offer a reunification proposal. The users of Enciclopedia Libre did, however, leave open the possibility for a future merger and expressed an interest in maintaining lines of communication. This episode also sparked a great deal of discussion about the role of the non-English speaking Wikipedias and has led to several changes and planned changes wanted by the non-English speaking Wikipedia communities.

Several talks have been made to make a merger. There also have been changes on Wikipedia and Enciclopedia Libre that may contribute to a merger:

  • Creation of a non-profit Wikipedia organization, known as Wikimedia Foundation;
  • Multilingual portal
  • Installation of Phase III software on Enciclopedia Libre

Like Wikipedia, the Enciclopedia Libre uses the GNU Free Documentation Licence, so material can be freely copied between the two provided attribution is preserved. In October and November 2003, the Spanish Wikipedia used a wikipedian-designed bot to import articles from a dump of Enciclopedia Libre, but when the creator of this bot left Wikipedia due to a personal conflict, she took the bot with her.

[edit] Statistics

While Enciclopedia Libre initially grew much more rapidly than the Spanish Wikipedia, the Spanish Wikipedia overtook it 2004. Since then, the Spanish Wikipedia has grown at a much greater rate, possibly due to greater media focus on the English Wikipedia and thus related projects. Currently, the Spanish Wikipedia hosts approximately five times as many articles as Enciclopedia Libre.

Date Number
of entries in Enciclopedia Libre
Approximate number of
entries in Spanish Wikipedia
11 March20023,0361,30028 February 2002
20 March 20024,116  
2 April 20025,9721,30031 March 2002
1 May 20027,5401,40030 April 2002
27 May 20027,8371,50031 May 2002
13 June 20028,1251,50030 June 2002
13 July 20028,519  
4 August 20028,6581,50031 July 2002
31 August 20028,9961,50031 August 2002
13 September 20029,237  
3 October 20029,3621,60030 September 2002
26 October 200210,2581,90031 October 2002
17 June 200314,250  
8 July 200314,4283,70030 June 2003
2 August 200314,6624,60031 July 2003
6 September 200315,1165,90031 August 2003
2 November 200315,5728,90031 October 2003
6 December 200316,03911,00030 November 2003
20 March200419,68819,00031 March 2004
6 November 200425,03833,57313 November 2004
25 September200528,70966,98425 September 2005
27 February200630,45597,56827 February 2006
9 April 200630,776108,0129 April 2006
5 May 200631,339120,7795 May 2006
3 July 200631,980130,9393 July 2006
25 July 200632,259137,04025 July 2006
1 October 200633,367157,061(source) 1 October 2006

[edit] See also

Other wiki encyclopedias:

[edit] External links and references

es:Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español fr:Enciclopedia Libre ja:エンサイクロペディア・リブレ

zh:Enciclopedia Libre

Enciclopedia Libre

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