Egyptian Army

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The Egyptian Army is the largest service within the Egyptian military establishment. It is estimated to number around 340,000, plus around 375,000 reservists for a total of 655-715,000<ref>International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2006, p.183</ref>.

The Egyptian Frontier Corps is a lightly armed paramilitary unit of about 12,000 men, mostly Bedouins, responsible for border surveillance, general peacekeeping, drug interdiction, and prevention of smuggling. In the late 1980s, the force was equipped with remote sensors, night-vision binoculars, communications vehicles, and high-speed motorboats.

The commander of the armed forces is Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Soliman.


[edit] Structure

  • HQ, Operations Authority: Cairo
    • HQ, Central Military Region: Cairo
    • HQ, Second Field Army: Ismaelia
    • HQ, Third Field Army: Suez
    • HQ, Western Military Region: Sidi Burani (IISS: Mersa Matruh)
    • HQ, Northern Military Region: Alexandria
    • HQ, Southern Military Region: Assiut (IISS: Aswan)

These commands include the following formations:<ref>International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2006, p.183</ref>

  • 4 Armored Divisions (each consisting of 2 Armored Brigades and 1 Mechanized Brigade, and 1 Artillery Brigade). Armored Division during the Yom Kippur War included the 4th and 21st.
  • 8 Mechanized Infantry Divisions (each consisting of 1 Armored Brigade, 2 Mechanized Brigades, and 1 Artillery Brigade). Infantry and Mechanised Division during the Yom Kippur War included the 2nd, 7th, 16th, 18th, 19th Inf and 6th & 23rd Mechanised.<ref>Historical Notes and Scenarios Booklet, Suez '73: The Battle of the Chinese Farm (boardgame), Game Designers' Workshop, 1981</ref>
  • 1 Republican Guard Armored Division.
  • 4 Independent Armored Brigades.
  • 4 Independent Mechanized Brigades.
  • 2 Independent Infantry Brigades.
  • 1 Airmobile Brigade.
  • 1 Airborne Brigade.
  • 6 Commando Groups.
  • 15 Independent Artillery Brigades.
  • 2 Heavy mortar Brigades
  • 2 SSM Brigades {one with 9 Batteries of FROG-7 and Sakr-80 and one with 9 Batteries of Scud-B Project-T (an enhanced Scud-C) } Each Battery consist of 6 Launchers with two reloads each.

[edit] Armor & Weaponry

[edit] Light Weapons

[edit] Combat vehicles

[edit] Artillery

[edit] Air Defence

  • Skyguard - Laser Based Area Defense System.
  • M1097 Avenger - Lethal forward-area air defense system w/Stinger
  • MIM-23 Hawk - medium range surface-to-air guided missile systems
  • MIM-72/M48 Chaparral - mobile short range surface-to-air guided missile systems
  • Crotale - mobile short-range surface-to-air missile systems
  • SA-6 Gainful - mobile low-medium altitude guided surface-to-air missile systems
  • SA-3 Goa - stationary/mobile low-medium level surface-to-air guided missile systems
  • SA-2 Guideline - stationary high-altitude surface-to-air guided missile systems
  • Nile 23 23mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided
  • Sinai 23 23mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided w/stinger AAM
  • S-60 anti-aircraft guns
  • KS-19 anti-aircraft guns
  • ZU-23-2 23mm anti-aircraft guns

[edit] Upgrade projects

The Ramses II is a heavily modified T-55 Tank built by Egypt. The Ramses II has an American-style suspension similar to that of the M-60A3, and uses the same engine, transmission, drive train, and 105 mm gun as the M-60A3. It carries more fuel internally, and has IR vision for the gunner and driver as well as image intensification for the commander and a laser rangefinder with ballistic computer for the gunner. Armor has been added and most of these tanks also carry side skirts. The vehicle has been radiologically shielded, has an NBC overpressure system, and mounts 6 smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret. The hatch layout has been retained, but the Ramses II is nearly one meter longer than the T-55. By 2000, the Ramses II had still not entered production, but development continues.

[edit] References


Egyptian Army

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