Earl of Carrick
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In Scotland, the first creation came circa 1186, when Duncan of Galloway became Earl of Carrick. The principal lands of the Earldom lay in Ayrshire.
Duncan's granddaughter Marjory of Carrick (Margaret), who later held the title in her own right, married Robert de Bruce, who later became 6th Lord of Annandale. Their son, also named Robert and known as "Robert the Bruce", would later rule Scotland as King Robert I, causing the earldom to merge into the Crown. Robert was also created a baron in the Peerage of England by writ of summons in 1295 as Baron Bruce of Anandale; the title became abeyant with the death of his son David II in 1371. Thereafter, successive Kings of Scots re-created the Earldom several times, but made it non-heritable, specifying that the earldom would revert to the Crown upon the death of the holder. Thus several creations ended with a reversion to the crown or with the holder becoming King.
In 1469, the Scots Parliament passed an Act declaring that the eldest son of the King and heir to the throne would hold the Earldom, along with the Dukedom of Rothesay. After the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England, the Dukedom and Earldom have been held by the eldest son and heir of the Kings of England and Scotland, later the Kings of Great Britain, and finally the Kings of the United Kingdom. Compare the Duchy of Cornwall.
In 1628, James VI and I created the Earldom of "Carrick in Orkney" for John Stuart, but the title became extinct at his death.
In 1748 King George II made Somerset Butler, 7th Viscount Ikerrin Earl of Carrick in the Peerage of Ireland. The title Viscount Ikerrin, of Ikerrin in the County of Tipperary, had been created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1629 for Lord Carrick's great-great-great-grandfather Lieutenant-General Sir Pierce Butler. In 1912 the first Earl's great-great-great-grandson, the seventh Earl, was created Baron Butler of Mount Juliet, in the County of Kilkenny, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The titles are currently held by his great-grandson.
- Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick (d. 1250)
- Niall, Earl of Carrick (d. 1256)
- Marjorie, Countess of Carrick (d. 1292)
- Robert de Brus, Earl of Carrick (1274-1329) (became King in 1306)
See Duke of Rothesay for further Earls of Carrick.
- Pierce Butler, 1st Viscount Ikerrin (d. c. 1674)
- Pierce Butler, 2nd Viscount Ikerrin (1637-c. 1680)
- James Butler, 3rd Viscount Ikerrin (d. 1688)
- Pierce Butler, 4th Viscount Ikerrin (1679-1710)
- James Thomas Butler, 5th Viscount Ikerrin (1698-1712)
- James Butler, 6th Viscount Ikerrin (1683-1720)
- Somerset Hamilton Butler, 7th Viscount Ikerrin (1719-1774) (created Earl of Carrick in 1748)
- Somerset Hamilton Butler, 1st Earl of Carrick (1719-1774)
- Henry Thomas Butler, 2nd Earl of Carrick (1746-1813)
- Somerset Richard Butler, 3rd Earl of Carrick (1779-1838), elected a Representative Peer in 1819
- Henry Thomas Butler, 4th Earl of Carrick (1834-1846)
- Somerset Arthur Butler, 5th Earl of Carrick (1835-1901)
- Charles Henry Somerset Butler, 6th Earl of Carrick (1851-1909)
- Charles Ernest Alfred French Somerset Butler, 7th Earl of Carrick (1873-1931)
- Theobald Walter Somerset Henry Butler, 8th Earl of Carrick (1903-1957)
- Brian Stuart Theobald Somerset Caher Butler, 9th Earl of Carrick (1931-1992)
- David James Theobald Somerset Butler, 10th Earl of Carrick (b. 1953)