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<tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align: center; padding: 10px 0 10px 0;">Image:Doordarshan.png</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Type</th><td>Broadcasttelevision network</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Country</th><td>India</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Availability</th><td>National</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Owner</th><td>Prasar Bharati</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Key people</th><td>K S Sarma (CEO)</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Launch date</th><td>1959</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Past names</th><td>All India Radio</td></tr><tr><th style="text-align:right;">Website</th><td></td></tr>

Doordarshan (दूरदर्शन) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. It is one of the largest broadcasting organisations in the world in terms of the infrastructure of studios and transmitters. Recently it has also started Digital Terrestrial Transmitters.


[edit] Beginning

DoorDarshan had a modest beginning with the experimental telecast starting in Delhi in September, 1959 with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. The regular daily transmission started in 1965 as a part of All India Radio. The television service was extended to a second city – Mumbai (then Bombay) only in 1972. Till 1975, only seven cities were covered by DoorDarshan and it remained the only television channel in India. Television services were separated from radio in 1976. Each office of All India Radio and DoorDarshan were placed under the management of two separate Director Generals in New Delhi. Finally DoorDarshan as a National Broadcaster came into existence.

[edit] Going national

<p align=justify>National programme was introduced in 1982. In the same year, colour TVs were introduced in the Indian markets with the live telecast of the Independence Day parade on 15th August, 1982, followed by the Asian Games being held in Delhi. The eighties was the era of Doordarshan with soaps like Hum Log (1984), Buniyaad (1986-87) and mythological dramas like Ramayan (1987-88) and Mahabharat (1988-89) glued millions to DoorDarshan. Other popular programs included Hindi film songs based programs like Chitrahaar and Rangoli and crime thrillers like Karamchand (starring Pankaj Kapoor), Byomkesh Bakshi and Janki Jasoos. Recent programs include the serial drama Lal Kothi Alvida (2006), based on the novel by Sharat Kumar.

<p align=justify>Now more than 90 percent of the Indian population can receive DoorDarshan (DD1) programmes through a network of nearly 1400 terrestrial transmitters.

<p align=justify> About 46 DoorDarshan Studios are producing TV programs today. Presently, DoorDarshan operates 19 channels – two All India channels, 11 Regional Languages Satellite Channels (RLSC), four State Networks (SN), an International channel, a Sports Channel and two channels (DD-RS & DD-LS) for live broadcast of parliamentary proceedings.

<p align=justify>On DD-1 National programmes, Regional programmes and Local Programmes are carried on time-sharing basis. DD-News channel, launched on 3rd November, 2003, which replaced the DD-Metro Entertainment channel, provides 24-Hour news service. The Regional Languages Satellite channels have two components – The Regional service for the particular state relayed by all terrestrial transmitters in the state and additional programmes in the Regional Language in prime time and non-prime time available only through cable operators. Sports Channel is exclusively devoted to the broadcasting of sporting events of national and international importance. This is the only Sports Channels which telecasts rural sports like Kho-Kho, Kabbadi etc. something which private broadcasters will not attempt to telecast as it will not attract any revenues.

[edit] Criticism

DoorDarshan is often criticized for low quality of programs. Additionally, since it is not a profit and loss enterprise like private channels Sun Network or Zee TV or Sony TV, it does not have the requisite push for better programming. Supporters argue that it has a greater reponsibilty towards the nation, such as emergency services, important government announcements and public broadcasts; entertainment comes a distant second priority.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links



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