Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure

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Image:DGSE 01.jpg
Logo of Frances's Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE) / General Directorate for External Security.

La Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure (DGSE), or “Directorate-General of External Security” is France’s external intelligence agency. On April 2, 1982 it replaced the Service de Documentation Extérieure et de Contre-Espionnage (SDECE). Its motto is Partout où nécessité fait loi (“In every place where necessity makes law”).

Electronic warfare site in Domme, Périgord


[edit] Organization

[edit] Headquarters

The DGSE is headquartered at 141 Boulevard Mortier in Paris 20th. The building is often referred to as La piscine ("the swimming pool") because of the nearby Piscine des Tourelles of the French Swimming Federation.

[edit] Divisions

  • Directorate of Administration
  • Directorate of Strategy
  • Directorate of Intelligence
  • Technical Division - electronic intelligence and devices
  • Operations Division (formerly Active Service Division) - clandestine operations, such as "arma" (destruction or theft of materiel),"homo" (homicide or abduction), "obs" (observation), with a majority of elite military personnel
  • Action Division - formerly had available the 11th Shock Parachutist Regiment until its disbanding on June 30, 1995, when it was replaced by three centres: CPES in Cercottes, CIPS in Perpignan and CPEOM in Roscanvel. Nowaday the DGSE can rely on the 13eme Régiment de Dragons Parachutistes (also known as 13eme RDP) for covert operations, long range infiltration and intelligence gathering.

[edit] Directors

[edit] Famous/Infamous missions

  • In 1977 and 1980, Libyan soldiers acting as DGSE agents made attempts to depose Libyan leader Colonel Kadhafi
  • Working with the Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST) in the early 1980s, exploited the source "Farewell", revealing the most extensive technological spy network uncovered in Europe and the United States to date. This network had allowed the Soviet Union to gather significant amounts of information about important technical advances in the West without the knowledge of Western intelligence agencies.
  • Exploited the network "Nicobar", which facilitated the sale by France to India of forty-three Mirage 2000 fighter jets and the acquisition of information about the type of the armour used on Soviet T-72 tanks
  • Operation Satanic, a mission aimed at preventing protests by Greenpeace against French nuclear testing in the Pacific through the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland, New Zealand on 10 July, 1985. New Zealand Police uncovered the plot and arrested two DGSE agents who pleaded guilty to arson and a charge of manslaughter in the death of a journalist who drowned in the sinking. French relations with New Zealand were sorely strained and the incident had a major impact on New Zealand's foreign policy. In New Zealand the operation was considered to be 'international terrorism'.
  • DGSE personnel were part of a team that arranged the release on June 12, 2005 of French journalist Florence Aubenas, held hostage for five months in Iraq.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

fr:Direction générale de la Sécurité extérieure lt:DGSE ja:フランス対外治安総局 pl:DGSE fi:DGSE

Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure

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