Demographics of Iraq
Learn more about Demographics of Iraq
Iraq was known in ancient times as Mesopotamia. The ruins of Ur, Babylon, and other ancient cities are here, as is the legendary location of the Garden of Eden. Almost 75% of Iraq's population lives in the flat, alluvial plain stretching southeast from Baghdad to Basra and the Persian Gulf. The Tigris River and the Euphrates River carry about 70 million cubic meters of silt annually from this plain down to the delta. The water from these two great rivers, and the fertility of the soil in the alluvial plain and the delta, allowed early agriculture to sustain a stable population as far back as the 4th millennium BC.
- Further information: Geography of Iraq
Over its long history, many civilizations grew and flourished in the region. Following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was formed by the League of Nations from three Ottoman vilayets (regions), gaining independence in 1932.
- Further information: History of Iraq
Iraq's two largest ethnic groups are Arabs and Kurds. Other distinct groups are Assyrians, Iraqi Turkmen, Armenians, Persians, Shabaks and Lurs. Arabic is the most commonly spoken language. Kurdish is spoken in the north, and English is the most commonly spoken Western language.
Most Iraqi Muslims are members of the Shiites (Shi'a), but there is a large Sunni Muslim population as well, made up of both Arabs and Kurds. Small communities of Christians, Jews, Bahá'ís, Mandaeans, and Yezidis also exist, although most Jews have fled Iraq over the last century. Most Kurds are Sunni Muslim, with about 10% being Shi'a Faili Kurds.
Iraqi Kurds differ from their Arab neighbors in language, dress, and customs.
Population: 26,074,906 (July 2005 est.)
0-14 years: 40% (male 5,293,709; female 5,130,826)
15-64 years: 57% (male 7,530,619; female 7,338,109)
65 years and over: 3% (male 367,832; female 413,811) (2005 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.7% (2005 est.)
Birth rate: 32.5 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Death rate: 5.49 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 50.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.7 years
male: 67.49 years
female: 69.97 years (2005 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.28 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 40.4%
female: 24.4% (2003 est.)
Total Population: 19.43 years
Male: 19.35 years
Female: 19.51 years (2005 est.)
 See also
- Arab Tribes in Iraq
- Assyrian homeland
- History of the Jews in Iraq
- Iraqi Kurdistan
- Islam in Iraq
- Politics of Iraq
- Religion in Iraq
- Sectarian violence in Iraq
 External links
- Kurdish Institute Kurdish language, history, books and latest news articles.
- Life in Iraq - People
- CIA World Fact Book
- UN press briefing on the demographics of Iraq
- Nakash, Yitzhak (2003). The Shi'is of Iraq. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-11575-3.
- Jabar, Faleh A. (2004). The Shi'ite Movement in Iraq. Saqi Books. ISBN 0-86356-395-3.es:Demografía de Iraq