Dead drop

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A dead drop or dead letter box, is a location used to secretly pass items between two people, without requiring them to meet.

Spies have been known to use dead drops, using various techniques to hide the items and to signal that the drop has been made.

The system involves using signals and locations which have been agreed in advance. These signals and locations must be common everyday things to which most people would not give a second glance.

The location (the Dead Letter Box) could be a loose brick in a wall, a library book, a hole in a tree or a shrub in a park etc. It should be something common and from which you can pick up the items without being seen by a member of the public or the security forces who may be watching you.

The signaling devices can include a chalk mark on a wall, a piece of chewing-gum on a lamppost, a newspaper left on a park bench etc.

The items can include money, secrets or instructions.

The dead drop is often used as a cut-out device. In this use the operatives who use the device to communicate or exchange materials or information do not know one another and should never see one another. While this type of device is useful in preventing the roll up of an entire espionage network it is not foolproof. If the lower level operative is compromised he or she may reveal the location of and signal for the use of the dead drop. Then the counter espionage agents simply use the signal to indicate that the dead drop is ready for pickup. They then keep the spot under continuous surveillance until it is picked up. They can then capture the operative who picked up the material from the dead drop.

The dead drop spike is a concealment device similar to a microcache which has been used since the late 1960s to hide money, maps, documents, microfilm, and other items. The spike is waterproof and mildew-proof and can be shoved into the ground or placed in a shallow stream to be retrieved at a later time.

[edit] Modern dead drop techniques

The September 11, 2001 attackers used a Hotmail account as a dead drop. One person would save an email as a draft, and another would retrieve the draft later[citation needed].

In the early 1990's members of the Prodigy proprietary computer network would set up "UG's" or "Undergrounds" to avoid the services $ 0.30 per email charge. An account would be set up, passwords given out. Mail would be directed to an invalid address. The e-mail would then bounce back with no fee being assessed. Other members of the underground would then log onto the account and read the bounced message.[citation needed]

On January 23, 2006, the Russian FSB accused Britain of using wireless dead drops concealed inside hollowed-out rocks to collect espionage information from agents in Russia. According to the Russian authorities, the agent delivering information would approach the rock and transmit data wirelessly into it from a hand-held device, and later his British handlers would pick up the stored data by similar means.

[edit] External links

Dead drop

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