Cuilén of Scotland

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Cuilén mac Iduilb
King of Alba
Reign 967–971
Died 971
Abington ?
Buried Iona
Predecessor Dub mac Maíl Coluim
Successor Causantín mac Cuilén
Issue Causantín
Father Idulb mac Causantín

Cuilén mac Iduilb (died 971) was king of Alba from 967 to 971.<ref>Cuilén is referred to by the Latin calque Caniculus, the whelp, in some sources. The epithet hringr (as in Sigurd Ring) sometimes associated with Cuilén is thought to be a misreading: compare Smyth, p. 210 and Duncan, pp. 20–21.</ref> He was one of three known sons of Idulb mac Causantín, the others being Amlaíb and Eochaid.

It is supposed that Cuilén was implicated in the death of his predecessor Dub mac Maíl Coluim, who had defeated Cuilén in battle in 965.<ref>ESSH, pp. 471–473; Annals of Ulster, s.a. 965; Duncan, p. 21.</ref>

The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba reports several events in the reign of Cuilén. It says that Marcan son of Breodalaig (or Breodalach) was killed in the Church of St Michael (in St Andrews), that Cellach, Bishop of Cennrígmonaid and Máel Brigte, also a Bishop, died. Other reported deaths include Domnall mac Cairill and Máel Brigte mac Dubacain, the identities of whom are unknown, but they must evidently have been important men.<ref>ESSH, p. 475.</ref> Máel Brigte might be a son of the Dubacan mac Indrechtaig, Mormaer of Angus, who was killed at the Battle of Brunanburh in 937. Finally, we are told that Leot and Sluagadach went to Rome, presumably on church business.

In 971 Cuilén, along with his brother Eochaid, was killed in a hall-burning in Lothian by Amdarch, king of Strathclyde.<ref>Dated by the Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum, s.a. 971. The Prophecy of Berchán and one version of the Chronicle are read as placing Cuilén's death in Strathclyde, perhaps near Abington in Upper Clydesdale; ESSH, pp. 476–477 and notes.</ref> The killing was said to be revenge for Cuilén's rape of Amdarch's daughter.<ref>ESSH, pp.475–476; one variant of the Chronicle appears to say that Cuilén's daughter, rather than Amdarch's, was raped, another suggests Amdarch's daughter was killed.</ref> The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba does not say that he was buried on Iona, but the report of Dub's death makes it clear that this was likely the case.

Cuilén was succeeded by Dub's brother Cináed mac Maíl Coluim, who was driven from the throne for a short time in the later 970s by Cuilén's brother Amlaíb. Cuilén's son Causantín was later king.

[edit] Notes

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[edit] References

For primary sources see also External links below.

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Smyth, Alfred P. Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7

[edit] External links

Preceded by:
Dub mac Maíl Coluim
King of Alba
967–971
Succeeded by:
Cináed mac Maíl Coluim
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