Crystal Palace F.C.
Learn more about Crystal Palace F.C.
|Crystal Palace F.C.|
|Image:Crystal Palace FC.png|
|Full name||Crystal Palace Football Club|
|Nickname(s)||The Eagles (formerly The Glaziers |
or The Groundkeepers)
|Chairman||Image:Flag of England (bordered).svg Simon Jordan|
|Manager||Image:Flag of England (bordered).svg Peter Taylor|
|League||Football League Championship|
|2005-06||Football League Championship, 6th|
Crystal Palace Football Club are a professional football team based in South Norwood in south-east London and playing in the Coca-Cola Football League Championship, the second level of English football. The club celebrated its centenary in 2005. Known as the "Eagles", Crystal Palace's traditional arch rivals are known as the "Seagulls", Brighton & Hove Albion, and local rivals the "Lions", Millwall.
The club has, over the years, adopted The Dave Clark Five's song Glad All Over as its anthem. It is played at the start of all home matches, and, if Palace win, at the end too.
 Pre-1980s Palace
Crystal Palace Football Club was formed on 10 September 1905, with its home ground at the Crystal Palace stadium, in Sydenham, on the site of The Crystal Palace. It is thought that the club was formed by divine intervention from God when it was being named it was originally going to be called Bourdeaux F.C., but the chairman's mind was changed overnight as he thought that the name was not appropriate as the team was based in London, not in Bourdeaux. The name was changed to Crystal Palace. The team played in the Southern League until 1920, when they were promoted to Division Three of The Football League. 'The Glaziers' are a separate club to that of Crystal Palace FC formed in c.1859. This was an amateur team (comprised of The Great Exhibition groundkeepers) who played in the earlier FA Cup's (even reaching the first ever semi-finals!). However, the 'new' club 'inherited' the Crystal Palace Sports Stadium, and thus could be considered spiritual successors to the former club. The club are sometimes (though very rarely) called 'The Groundkeepers' in reference to the older club.
The original club's colours were claret and blue, chosen as Aston Villa lent them their original kits.
The club was forced to relocate from their original base camp in 1915, and after a brief move to Herne Hill Athletics Stadium (1915-1918) and The Nest (1918-1924), they eventually settled at their present home, Selhurst Park, in 1924. Their first match at the new ground was against Sheffield Wednesday on 30 August.
Nicknamed "The Glaziers" - a reference to their original home in the shadow of Joseph Paxton's enormous glass exhibition hall - Palace remained in the lower divisions of the Football League until the 1960s, the time period up until which players such as Peter Simpson established records that will probably never be bettered (such as Simpson's 165 goals, which he gained in just 195 appearances). One of the most loved players of 1960s was Johnny Byrne, who had the distinction of being the first player from the old Division Four to play for England. Byrne joined West Ham United for a then British transfer record, and would go on to net a hat trick for the English national side. The club was finally able to make it to the First Division in 1969.
Unfortunately, the only constant in the life of a Palace fan is change, and "The Glaziers" or "The Eagles" as they became known - plummeted back to the Third Division in the early 1970s, following successive relegations. It was during the Malcolm Allison managerial stint that the club decided it should be rebranded, changing its colours away from the original claret and sky blue. The Eagle was also introduced as the club mascot at this time. It is thought that the colours and mascot were chosen to copy those of the big teams, the colours coming from FC Barcelona and the mascot from Benfica.
'Big Mal', in his first game in charge, gave a debut to young Scottish defender Jim Cannon, who had come through the junior ranks of the club. He repaid Allison by scoring the second, in the 2-0 win over Chelsea. Cannon would go onto make a total of 660 appearances for the club, with 571 of those in the league, over his 16-year career. Though FA Cup glory beckoned for a while, when Palace reached the semi-final stage for the first time in their history (beating First and Second Division giants Leeds United, Chelsea, and Sunderland, with Peter Taylor starring, only to be beaten by Southampton) it wasn't until the arrival of former Chelsea star Terry Venables as manager that Palace's fortunes took a change for the better. Venables took the team back up to Division One for two seasons from 1979 to 1981, before leaving for QPR early in the 1980-81 season. Coach Ernie Walley was placed in temporary charge, and after two months of indifferent results was offered the job permanently on one condition - that he accept joint managership with returning former manager Malcolm Allison. Walley refused and resigned from the club, leaving Allison in sole charge. Unfortunately the decision seemed to have backfired, as the club's form turned out worse under Allison than it did under Walley, and the side were virtually relegated by the start of February when another, even bigger change occurred.
 The Ron Noades Takeover (1981)
Ron Noades, formerly chairman of Wimbledon bought out the club and sacked Allison immediately. The new manager was Dario Gradi, who had established Wimbledon in the league and lead them to promotion in their second season. They had been immediately relegated, but were in good position for regaining their place in the Third Division when Gradi left.
The First Division situation was already beyond Gradi's ability to salvage, but things didn't improve in the Second Division in 1981-82, giving the impression that Gradi was out of his depth. Gradi was sacked and Steve Kember appointed caretaker-manager. Palace's form didn't greatly improve, and the side only saved themselves from another relegation in the second-last match of the season when they beat Wrexham, simultaneously relegating the Welsh club. At the end of the season Kember was sacked and replaced by Alan Mullery. Given his connections with bitter rivals Brighton, Mullery never proved a popular appointment and it showed, with the side finishing closer to relegation in 1982-83 than they had the previous year and doing even worse in 1983-84, with attendances rapidly decreasing, due to the lack of support for the manager from the fans. Mullery left the club at the end of the season - ironically to replace Terry Venables at QPR - and was replaced by Dario Gradi's successor at Wimbledon, Dave Bassett. Bassett then stunned the club four days after his appointment by resigning and returning to Wimbledon.
 The Steve Coppell era (1984-1993)
29-year-old Steve Coppell became the new manager of Crystal Palace after his playing career with Manchester United had been cut short by a knee injury. He co-operated with Noades in rebuilding Crystal Palace and by 1989 they were back in the First Division. Part of this rebuilding included Palace taking part the first official ground-share in The Football League, when Charlton Athletic came to Selhurst Park, after The Valley had been closed, following its deterioration.
But it had not been all plain sailing for Coppell. Many Eagles fans were unhappy at his decision not to re-sign Scottish club legend Jim Cannon, following the Eagles missing out on promotion in the 1987-88 season. Cannon left the club in the summer, after 16 years with Palace.
Palace finished 15th in their first season back in the top flight (1989-90), but reached the FA Cup final for the first time. After an amazing 4-3 win over Liverpool (who had beaten them 9-0, earlier in the season), which included Palace going 1-0 down, 2-1 up, 3-2 down, and finally 4-3 up, they drew 3-3 with Manchester United thanks to the commendable efforts of players like Andy Gray, John Salako, substitute Ian Wright, Nigel Martyn (who earlier that season had become Britain's first £1 million goalkeeper) and Richard Shaw. In the replay, Palace lost 1-0, and lost their chance of a first-ever major trophy at the same time. This replay was remarkable as Manchester United were permitted to play loan goalkeeper Les Sealey despite having signed him after the transfer deadline, for seemingly no reason other than their regular custodian Jim Leighton was suffering from a dip in form.
Before the final, the Palace squad recorded two songs in celebration. One was called "Where Eagles Fly", which was written to commemorate the fans' support in the win over Liverpool, while the other was a cover of Palace's 'anthem', '"Glad All Over", by The Dave Clark Five.
They progressed in 1990-91 by finishing a club-best third in the league, more success was achieved that season when Palace beat Everton 4-1 in the final of the Zenith Data Systems Cup, to collect their only cup trophy to date.
Palace were founder members of the FA Premier League, but a loss of key players through sales and long-term injuries resulted in Palace's form slumping. They were relegated on goal difference in 1992-93 at the end of the first season of the Premier League, after Oldham Athletic's 4-3 victory over Southampton.
 The Alan Smith era (1993-1995)
Steve Coppell resigned as manager following Palace's relegation, and handed over the reins to his assistant Alan Smith, who guided Palace to promotion as runaway champions of Division One, with Chris Armstrong top-scoring with 23 league goals.
In 1994-95 they reached the semi-finals of both domestic cups, but a shortage of Premier League goals (only top-scorer, again Chris Armstrong, with 16 goals, ever really made a big impact on scoring) counted against them (as did the introduction of a fourth relegation place for the 1994-95 season, as the Premiership was being cut from 22 to 20 clubs) and they were relegated on the last day of the season.
On 25 January 1995, Palace played Manchester United at Selhurst Park. Following a bad tackle on Richard Shaw, United midfielder Éric Cantona was sent off. While he walked towards the tunnel, he was taunted by Palace fan Matthew Simmons. This angered Cantona, who launched a kick at him. There were serious repercussions for Cantona, for the incident, which was given the cult name 'The Cantona Kung-Fu Kick'.
 The second coming of Coppell (1995-1996):
Smith was sacked within days of relegation, and Steve Coppell returned to the manager's seat. Relegation also resulted in an exodus of players. The likes of Chris Coleman, Eric Young, Richard Shaw, Gareth Southgate, Iain Dowie, John Salako and Chris Armstrong were all sold to other clubs and Palace's line-up in the first game of the 1995-96 Division One campaign was barely recognisable. During this period the badge was changed with the phoenix looking bird being replaced with one more closely resembling an eagle.
 The Dave Bassett era (1995-1996)
Steve Coppell became Crystal Palace's Director of Football in February 1996, and first-team duties were now the responsibility of new manager Dave Bassett, who transformed the club's fortunes as they stormed from 16th place to finish third in the final table. They reached the Division One playoff final but lost 2-1 to Leicester City at Wembley, after conceding a goal scored by former Palace reserve Steve Claridge in the 120th minute.
 The Coppell era III (1996-1998)
Bassett moved to Nottingham Forest in March 1997, but Steve Coppell returned as manager to secure a playoff final victory over Sheffield United and gain promotion to the Premiership, after David Hopkin scored a long range goal in the 90th minute of the game. When asked what promotion meant to him, Coppell replied "nine months of hell."
On 4 August 1997, Palace signed Italian midfiedler Attilio Lombardo, who amazed supporters with his pace and skill, and, even today, many fans still regard him as the best player ever to turn out for Palace. In early 1998, with Palace bottom of the Premiership, Lombardo, along with Tomas Brolin, assumed the managers' job, for the remainder of the season, in the hope that the club's fortunes might be turned around. This, however, was not the case, and their stay lasted just one season before they were relegated back to Division One, after winning just two home games and finishing bottom of the table, with just 33 points.
At the end of that season, Palace got their first, and, to date, only experience of European football. The Eagles were entered into the Third Round of the UEFA Intertoto Cup, against Samsunspor, of Turkey. Palace lost by two goals to nil at both Selhurst Park and the Samsun 19 Mayıs Stadyumu, and their European experience quickly ended.
 The Mark Goldberg takeover (1998-1999)
In March 1998, just before relegation from the Premiership, Ron Noades sold his controlling interest in Crystal Palace to computer tycoon Mark Goldberg, who was hoping to transform the club into a European force within five years. Steve Coppell was named Director of Football and, after the end of the Lombardo/Brolin tenure, Terry Venables was appointed head coach, but the dream of success for the 1998-99 season quickly turned into a nightmare. Goldberg was unable to sustain his financial backing of the club and they went into administration.
 Coppell again (1999-2000)
His bank balance now significantly swollen, Terry Venables quit as manager soon afterwards, and Steve Coppell returned to the job once again, while, after the approval of the administrators, Peter Morley was installed as chairman. Coppell was able to guide Palace to a mid-table finish in 1998-99. In the 1999-00 season, it seemed certain that Palace would be relegated. However, Coppell and his players defied the odds to achieve a 15th place finish.
 The Simon Jordan takeover (2000-01)
Singapore financer Jerry Lim purchased an almost bankrupt Crystal Palace in July 2000, and immediately sold the club to mobile phone tycoon and life-long fan Simon Jordan, who, following defeats to non-league sides in pre-season, replaced Coppell with Alan Smith - who had previously been manager from 1993 to 1995. Despite the takeover solving Palace's financial problems, their on-the-field form slumped and despite reaching the League Cup semi finals, Smith was sacked in April 2001 with relegation to Division Two looking imminent. Long-serving coach Steve Kember was put in temporary charge of the first team for the final two games of the season, alongside Terry Bullivant, and, after making changes to the playing side, defied all the odds by securing good enough results to save the club from relegation at the expense of Huddersfield Town.
Many fans will always remember the deciding goal. Dougie Freedman, in his second spell at the club, burst into the Stockport County penalty area, in the 87th minute of the last game of the season. The score was tied at 0-0, a result that would result in Palace's relegation, but Freedman was on hand to lash a shot past Stockport 'keeper Lee Jones, and into the back of the net, triggering the relegation, instead, of Huddersfield Town. The goal was controversial, as there had been a clear handball by Palace midfielder David Hopkin just moments before, which the referee had ignored. Still, though, the Palace fans didn't care, and many of the 3,000 who had travelled poured on to Stockport's Edgeley Park pitch, celebrating with the players.
 Steve Bruce and Trevor Francis (2001-2003)
Palace turned to Steve Bruce for the 2001-02 season, and he came to Selhurst Park after vacating the manager's seat at Wigan Athletic which he had occupied for just seven weeks. A good start to the season gave Palace hope for a promotion challenge, but Bruce attempted to walk out on the club after just four months at the helm to take charge of Birmingham City, a decision that has made Bruce hugely unpopular at Selhurst Park (indeed, he is affectionately nicknamed Judas by Palace fans, as they felt he betrayed the club, having promised chairman Simon Jordan he would stay at Selhurst Park). After a short spell on 'gardening leave', Bruce was allowed to join Birmingham. He was succeeded by Trevor Francis, who had ironically been his predecessor at City.
Under Francis, Palace were unable to mount a serious promotion challenge and they finished mid-table in Division One. He resigned the following March after another difficult season, and was replaced by long-serving coach Steve Kember.
Kember guided Palace to victories in their opening three games of the 2003-04 Division One campaign, which put Palace at the top of the table, but he was sacked in November after a terrible loss of form saw them slip towards the relegation zone. Caretaker player-manager Kit Symons, who was put in charge of first-team duties for a month oversaw an improvement in form, before the appointment of Iain Dowie, a former Palace player who had previously been in charge of Oldham Athletic.
 The Iain Dowie era (2003-2006)
Iain Dowie transformed Crystal Palace from relegation candidates at Christmas into play-off contenders in April. The highlight of this run was arguably a superb 3-0 away win at Sheffield United. On the final day of the season, Sunday 9th May, Palace only needed to draw at Coventry to ensure their play-off place, but they were beaten 2-1 and looked to be heading out of the Play-offs until a 90th-minute equaliser by West Ham against Wigan deprived the Lancashire club of two points and secured sixth place for Palace.
Palace achieved a somewhat fortunate 3-2 victory against Sunderland in the first leg of the Play-off Semi-final at Selhurst Park on Friday 14th May, with a late goal from league topscorer Andrew Johnson (32 goals). In the second leg at the Stadium of Light, Palace had achieved the very rare feat for a southern club of almost completely silencing north-east supporters. However, two goals for Sunderland at the end of the first half, looked to have taken them through until Palace, who had squandered many chances during the second half as well as the first, equalized through defender Darren Powell's header in the final minute. The aggregate score was now 4-4 - under the away goals rule Sunderland would still have won, but that rule does not operate in the Play-offs so after a goalless period of extra time, when a demoralized Sunderland did not have a single shot on goal and Palace to a lesser extent were also playing for penalties, it went to a shoot-out. The lead and the impetus in the shoot-out changed hands several times, with a succession of penalty saves after it had gone to sudden death - after Sunderland goalkeeper Mart Poom had saved two penalties which would have won it for Palace, Sunderland's Jeff Whitley took one of the weakest and least powerful penalties ever seen in such an important match, and Michael Hughes then scored the winning penalty for Palace.
Crystal Palace played West Ham United in the Play-off Final at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on Saturday 29 May 2004 and won the game 1-0, with a goal from captain Neil Shipperley that was enough for them to claim the match, and with it a place in the Premiership.
Due to a production error at Diadora's factory in Romania, Crystal Palace's Replica Kit for 2004-05 was misprinted with "Chrystal Palace" on the Quality Control label and they would forever been known for it in and around Europe.
Despite the valiant efforts of manager Iain Dowie, and the 21 Premiership goals of Andrew Johnson (the second highest goalscorer in the division, and the highest English goalscorer that season), Crystal Palace were relegated on 15th May 2005 after a 2-2 draw at Charlton Athletic. Despite entering the final seven minutes of play ahead by 2-1, Crystal Palace were unable to maintain their fragile lead and Charlton defender Jonathan Fortune managed to score an equaliser in the remaining time. Had Crystal Palace managed to defeat Charlton, they would have avoided relegation from the Premiership. Palace now hold the distinction of being the only team to have been relegated from the Premiership four times.
However, Palace still went down with pride, and several weeks before the end of the season, Palace recorded one of the shocks of the season, beating future European Champions Liverpool, by a goal to nil. Johnson's first half header secured the win.
In the 2005-06 season, Palace pulled off another major coup, by beating Liverpool again, this time in the Carling Cup, by a scoreline of 2-1. On April 15th 2006 Crystal Palace secured a Play-off place in their first season back in the Championship. Finishing sixth in the table, Palace played third-place Watford in the Semi-final leg of the Play-offs. Palace would go on to lose 0-3 to Watford on aggregate, the result of Palace conceding three goals in the second-half of their playoff leg at home. The away leg, at Watford's Vicarage Road, only saw a 0-0 draw.
On May 22 it was announced that Iain Dowie had left Crystal Palace by mutual consent, with Simon Jordan citing that he wanted to be closer to his family, in the North-East of England. Jordan had accepted Dowie's reasons, and waived a £1million compensation fee.
Just days later, bids of £8.5m from Lancashire clubs Wigan Athletic and Bolton Wanderers for Johnson came in, and were accepted by Simon Jordan, but they were upstaged by Everton, who bid £8.6m. On May 30, Johnson signed for Everton, much to the dismay of the Palace fans.
However, that was not the main event of the day for Palace. Iain Dowie had been appointed as manager of Charlton Athletic. In dramatic style, an unknown representative of Simon Jordan, tried walking up to Dowie during the Charlton press conference, and served him with a writ. Jordan is said to be annoyed that Dowie had claimed he wanted to be nearer his family, but had moved just four miles nearer to the town of Bolton (where his family currently reside).
During his managerial stay at Crystal Palace, Dowie coined the word Bouncebackability, to describe Palace's ability to come back from the brink of victory. The word is now often used by sports fans across the globe.
Press speculation had well traveled Graeme Souness, former manager of Galatasaray and Newcastle United among others, Hull City (and former England) coach Peter Taylor (who had a three-year spell at Palace during the 1970s and was even picked for England, despite playing in the Third Division), Mike Newell of Luton Town, and even former Inter and A.C. Milan coach Alberto Zaccheroni appeared as front runners for the vacant managerial position at Selhurst Park.
 Time for Taylor (2006-Present)
In the end, it was Taylor who got the job, with Hull City being paid a compensation package of £300,000 from Simon Jordan. For this, he received praise from Hull chairman Adam Pearson for his conduct in the process of appointing Taylor.
Most Palace fans were very pleased with this appointment, and are looking forward to an exciting 2006-07 season.
Since joining, Taylor has signed Leon Cort from former club Hull City, Republic of Ireland winger Mark Kennedy from Wolverhampton Wanderers, England U-20 goalkeeper Scott Flinders, from Barnsley, forward James Scowcroft from Coventry City, midfielder Carl Fletcher from West Ham United, ex-Millwall defender Matthew Lawrence, who will reignite his old defensive partnership with Darren Ward in SE25, another signing from Hull in Stuart Green and finally Shefki Kuqi signed for a near club-record £2.5 million pounds from Blackburn Rovers, whilst Everton goalkeeper Iain Turner joined on a one-month emergency loan spell in mid-November.
Despite a superb start, that saw Palace at to the top of the table after three games, Palace dropped down the table, falling to 20th at one point, and Taylor is said to be under pressure.
 Chairmanship history
 Managerial history