County of London
Learn more about County of London
County of London shown within England
|Status:|| administrative county|
|HQ:||County Hall, Lambeth|
Arms of London County Council
|Succeeded by:||Greater London|
The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. It bordered Middlesex to the north and west, Essex to the north-east, Kent to the south-east and Surrey to the south.
It was created as part of the general introduction of county councils and was governed by the London County Council. It did not cover all of today's Greater London, but only the central part. It covered the same area that the Metropolitan Board of Works (which had run London's roads, bridges, etc) had covered, specifically parts of Middlesex, Surrey and Kent - corresponding to today's London Boroughs of Camden, Greenwich, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Lewisham, Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth and Westminster.
In addition to being an administrative county with a county council, the Act also provided that "such portion of the administrative county of London as forms part of the counties of Middlesex, Surrey, and Kent, shall [...] be severed from those counties, and form a separate county for all non-administrative purposes by the name of the county of London".
The area of the old County of London is now sometimes known as Inner London. Since the Greater London Council was not an education authority, but London County Council had been, an Inner London Education Authority was constituted to continue this role for the area of the old County of London, and this continued until 1990.
 Metropolitan boroughs
In 1900, eleven years after its foundation, the London Government Act divided the County of London into 28 metropolitan boroughs. These replaced the ancient parish vestries and district boards as the second tier of local government. When the County of London was abolished in 1965 these metropolitan boroughs were merged to form 12 London boroughs.
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