Corporation of London

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Image:Citylondonarms.jpg
Coat of arms of the City of London as shown on Blackfriars station. The Latin motto reads Domine Nos Dirige, "Lord, direct us".

The City of London Corporation (sometimes just called the City of London) is the municipal governing body of the City of London. It exercises control only over the City (the "Square Mile"), not over Greater London. It has three main aims - to promote the Square Mile as the world's leading international business and financial centre; to provide local government services to the Square Mile; and to provide a host of additional services for the benefit of London, Londoners and the nation as a whole (many at no cost to the public).

The Cityof London is formally termed the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, thus including the Lord Mayor, the Court of Aldermen, and the Court of Common Council.

The City of London does not exercise authority over the two historic extra-parochial areas Middle Temple and Inner Temple, which are enclaves for two of the Inns of Court in the west of the City.

Contents

[edit] Elections

The City of London Corporation was not reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, nor by subsequent legislation, and with time has become increasingly anomalous. In 1801 the City had a population of about 130,000, but increasing development of the City as a central business district led to this falling to below 5,000 after the Second World War [1] (it has risen to around 9,000 in 2006).

Therefore the non-residential vote (or business vote), which had been abolished in the rest of the country in 1969, became an increasingly large part of the electorate. The non-residential vote system used disfavoured incorporated companies. The City of London (Ward Elections) Act 2002 greatly increased the business franchise, allowing many more business to be represented.

[edit] Voters

Eligible voters must be at least 18 years old and a citizen of the United Kingdom, a European Union country, or a Commonwealth country, and either:

Each body or organization, whether unincorporated or incorporated, whose premises are within the City of London may appoint a number of voters based on the number of workers it employs. Limited liability partnerships fall into this category.

Bodies employing fewer than ten workers may appoint one voter, those employing ten to fifty workers may appoint one voter for every five; those employing more than fifty workers may appoint ten voters and one additional voter for every fifty workers beyond the first fifty.

Though workers count as part of a workforce regardless of nationality, only certain individuals may be appointed as voters. Under section 5 of the City of London (Ward Elections) Act 2002, the following are eligible to be appointed as voters (the qualifying date is September 1 of the year of the election):

  • Those who have worked for the body for the past year at premises in the City
  • Those who have served on the body's Board of Directors for the past year at premises in the City
  • Those who have worked in the City for the body for an aggregate total of five years
  • Those who have worked for in the City for a total of ten years

Qualified voters can vote twice, once at local government elections in the City and once at their home address. Residents of the City can only vote once.

[edit] Wards

The City of London is divided into twenty-five wards, or electoral divisions. Each ward may elect one Alderman and a number of Councilmen based on the size of the electorate. The numbers below reflect the changes caused by the City of London (Ward Elections) Act.

WardCommon Councilmen
Aldersgate5
Aldgate5
Bassishaw3
Billingsgate2
Bishopsgate8
Bread Street2
Bridge2
Broad Street3
Candlewick2
Castle Baynard7
Cheap2
Coleman Street5
Cordwainer3
Cornhill2
Cripplegate9
Dowgate2
Farringdon Within8
Farringdon Without10
Langbourn2
Lime Street3
Portsoken4
Queenhithe2
Tower5
Vintry2
Walbrook2
Total100

[edit] Livery Companies

There are over one hundred Livery Companies in London. The Companies were originally trade associations; in modern times, much of their role is ceremonial. The senior members of the Livery Companies, known as liverymen, form a special electorate known as Common Hall. Common Hall is the body that chooses the Lord Mayor of the City and certain other officers.

[edit] The Court of Aldermen

Wards originally elected aldermen for life, but the term is now only six years. The alderman may, if he chooses, submit to an election before the six-year period ends. In any case, an election must be held no later than six years after the previous election. The sole qualification for the office is that Aldermen must be Freemen of the City.

Aldermen are ex officio Justices of the Peace. All Aldermen also serve in the Court of Common Council.

[edit] The Court of Common Council

Each ward may choose a number of common councilmen. A Common Councilman must be a registered voter in a City ward, own a freehold or lease land in the City, or reside in the City for the year prior to the election. They must also be over 21, a Freeman of the City, and a British, Irish, Commonwealth or EU citizen. Common Council elections are held every four years, the next in March 2009. Common Councilmen may use the initials CC after their names.

[edit] The Lord Mayor and the Sheriffs

The Lord Mayor of the City of London and the two Sheriffs are chosen by liverymen meeting in Common Hall. Sheriffs, who serve as assistants to the Lord Mayor, are chosen on Midsummer Day. The Lord Mayor, who must have previously been a Sheriff, is chosen on Michaelmas. Both the Lord Mayor and the Sheriffs are chosen for terms of one year.

The Lord Mayor fulfills several roles:

[edit] Conservation Areas and Green Spaces

The City of London owns and maintains around 10,000 acres of public green spaces[2] - mainly conservation areas / nature reserves - in Greater London and the surrounding counties. The most well-known of the conservation areas are Hampstead Heath and Epping Forest. Other areas include Ashstead Common, Burnham Beeches, Highgate Wood and the South London Commons. The City also owns and manages two traditional city parks: Queen's Park and West Ham Park as well as over 150 smaller public green spaces.

[edit] Education

The City governs three independent schools: the City of London School for Boys, the City of London School for Girls, and the co-educational City of London Freemen's School. It is also sole sponsor of the City of London Academy in Southwark.

The Lord Mayor also holds the posts of Chancellor of City University and President of Gresham College, an institute of advanced study.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

de:Corporation of London he:האיגוד של לונדון it:Corporation of London no:Corporation of London

Corporation of London

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