Constantine III of Scotland

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Causantín mac Cuilén
King of Alba
Reign 995–997
Died 997
Rathinveramond near Perth
Buried Iona
Predecessor Cináed mac Maíl Coluim
Successor Cináed mac Duib
Father Cuilén mac Iduilb

Causantín mac Cuilén (anglicised Constantine III) (before 971–997) was king of Scots from 995 to 997. He was the son of Cuilén mac Iduilb.

Causantín became king upon the death of Cináed mac Maíl Coluim, supposedly killed by Finnguala, daughter of Cuncar, Mormaer of Angus, a killing with which Causantín is associated in several accounts. John of Fordun, perhaps confusing him with Eógan II of Strathclyde, known as "the Bald", refers to Causantín the Bald. He reigned for eighteen months according to the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba.

The Annals of Tigernach report that he was killed in a battle between the Scots in 997. His death is placed by the Chronicle at Rathinveramond at the mouth of the Almond where it meets the River Tay near Perth. This appears to have been a royal centre, close to Scone and Forteviot, as Domnall mac Ailpín is said to have died there in 862. His killer is named as Cináed mac Maíl Coluim, probably in error for either Cináed mac Duib, who became king on Causantín's death, or perhaps for Máel Coluim mac Cináeda.

Causantín is not known to have any descendants and he was the last of the line of Áed mac Cináeda to have been king.

[edit] References

For primary sources see also External links below.

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Smyth, Alfred P. Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7

[edit] External links

Preceded by:
Cináed mac Maíl Coluim
King of Scots
995–997
Succeeded by:
Cináed mac Duib
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