Communist Party of the Russian Federation

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Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Image:Kprf logo.gif
Leader Gennady Zyuganov
Founded 1993
Headquarters Moscow
Political ideology Communism with elements of nationalism and populism
International affiliation Union of Communist Parties - Communist Party of the Soviet Union (UCP-CPSU)
Image:Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg

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The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Russian: Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ; translit.: Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiskoy Federatsiy = KPRF) is a Russian political party. It is sometimes seen a successor to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the Bolshevik Party. The party has emphasised its uniquely Russian character and it has consistently invoked Russian patriotism and nationalism in addition to the 'official' Marxism-Leninism of the CPSU. [1]

Today much of the party's economic platform resembles democratic socialism. It claims membership of 500,000.

Early members included Aleksandr Dugin who helped to draft early party documents and pushed the party in the direction of nationalism. He has since left to join the National Bolshevik Party, from which he was also banned, later forming his own "Eurasian" movement. Party leader Gennady Zyuganov also briefly worked with leading European nationalist Jean-Francois Thiriart before the latter's death.

During the presidential elections of 1996, the CPRF was supported by prominent intellectual Aleksandr Zinovyev ( a former soviet dissident who became a supporter of Communism at the time of Perestroika ).

Another prominent supporter of the CPRF is the physicist Zhores Alferov, who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2000.

A new leftist umbrella movement was formed on the initiative of the CPRF on August 7 1996. It was called People's Patriotic Union of Russia (NPSR) and consisted of more than 30 leftist and "patriotic" organizations. Gennady Zyuganov was its chairman.

The Party support had been building steadily since its establishment in 1993, but it dropped massively in the 2003 parliamentary elections. At these last legislative elections, 7 December 2003, the party won 12.8% of the popular vote and 51 out of 450 seats. In the last presidential elections, 14 March 2004, the Party's candidate, Nikolay Kharitonov, won 13.7% arriving second after Vladimir Putin. Taking into consideration the fact that Kharitonov ( a leading member of the Agrarian Party of Russia ) was considered to be a "token" candidate, this was a better result than expected, showing that the CPRF still has a substantial base of support.

Communist Party supporters attend a May Day rally in Moscow

The CPRF is led by Gennady Zyuganov, who called the 2003 elections a 'revolting spectacle' and accuses the Kremlin of setting up a Potemkin party, the Rodina party, to steal its votes.

A minority faction criticised the decision to candidate "millionaires" ( such as Sergei Sobko, general director and owner of the TEKHOS company ) in the CPRF's lists, which was seen as a contradiction to the marxist-leninist and anti-oligarchic policies of the Party.

In July 2004 a breakaway faction elected Vladimir Tikhonov as its leader. The faction later formed the All-Russia Communist Party of the Future. The operation wasn't successful and recently Tikhonov's party has suspended active operations, seeking rapprochement with Zyuganov's side.

In February 2005 the CPRF managed to beat the ruling Pro-Kremlin party, United Russia, in elections to the regional legislature of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, obtaining 27% of the popular vote.

In the last Moscow Duma election, 4 December 2005, the Party won 16,75 % and 4 seats. This was the best ever result for the CPRF in Moscow. In some observers opinion, the absence of the Rodina party contributed to the Communists' success.

The CPRF has its stronghold in the rural enclaves of Southern Russia ( the so-called "red belt" ) and in small towns and cities around Moscow.

The Party's electorate is composed mainly by pensioners, industrial workers and peasants of the former collective farms.

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Communist Parties in Europe
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de:Kommunistische Partei der Russischen Föderation

es:Partido Comunista de la Federación Rusa ko:러시아 공산당 hr:Komunistička stranka Ruske federacije it:Partito Comunista della Federazione Russa nl:Communistische Partij van de Russische Federatie ja:ロシア連邦共産党 nn:Den russiske føderasjonens kommunistiske parti pl:Komunistyczna Partia Federacji Rosyjskiej ro:Partidul Comunist al Federaţiei Ruse ru:Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации sv:Ryska federationens kommunistiska parti zh:俄罗斯联邦共产党

Communist Party of the Russian Federation

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