Cobh

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Cobh
An Cóbh
Location
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WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
51.851° N 8.2967° W
Irish Grid Reference
W793666
Statistics
Province: Munster
County: Cork
Elevation: 47 m (154 ft}
Population (2002)
 - Town:
 - Rural:
 
6,767
3,044
Website: www.cobh.ie


Cobh (An Cóbh in Irish, pronounced "cove"; derived from English the cove) is a seaport on the south coast of Ireland, in County Cork, Republic of Ireland (51°51′N 8°18′W).

The locality, which had had several different Irish-language names, was first referred to as Cove ("the Cove of Cork") in 1750. It was renamed Queenstown in 1849 to commemorate a visit by Queen Victoria and so remained until the name Cobh (closer to the Irish spelling) was restored in 1922 with the foundation of the Irish Free State.

Cobh is located on the south shore of the Great Island in Cork Harbour, (reputed to be the second largest natural harbour in the world), on slopes overlooking the harbour. On its highest point stands the Cobh Cathedral,St. Colman's, seat of the diocese of Cloyne.
Image:Cobh waterfront.jpg
The waterfront at Cobh

One of the major transatlantic Irish ports, Cobh was the departure point for 2.5 million of the 6 million Irish people who emigrated to North America between 1848 and 1950. On 11 April 1912 Queenstown was the final port of call for the RMS Titanic as she set out across the Atlantic on her ill-fated maiden voyage. Crew member John Coffey, a native of Queenstown, jumped ship, and seven lucky passengers also disembarked, although 113 boarded.

Several other notable ships are associated with the town:

During the First World War, Queenstown was a naval base for British and American destroyers operating against U-boats that preyed upon merchant vessels in the area. The first division of American destroyers arrived in May 1917, and the sailors who served on those vessels were the first American servicemen in combat duty in the war. When the convoy arrived in port, after a rough passage in what were little more than open boats, they were met with a great crowd of sailors and townspeople, thankful for help in stopping the U-boats that threatened to starve the British out of the war. The impatient British Commodore met the captain of the American flagship when he jumped onto the dock, and asked him how soon the weather-beaten American ships could be put to use. "We're ready now, sir!" he answered, and was widely quoted.

In 2002, Cobh had a population of 9,811.

Image:Cathedral of St Colman.jpg
Cathedral of St.Colman

The town is the effective southern terminus of the railway line from Dublin to Cork. Regular commuter services run between Cork city and Cobh, calling at, amongst others, Fota railway station,Carrigaloe railway station and Rushbrooke railway station, along the way, the line ends at Cobh railway station.

From 1922 to 1938 the port was a UK sovereign base, see Treaty Port.

Cobh's most successful football team is Cobh Ramblers, the club where Roy Keane (one of Ireland's most successful footballers) made his name and earned a transfer to English side Nottingham Forest. Cobh is also home to Ireland's most successful athlete Sonia O' Sullivan, an Olympic Games Silver Medal-winning athlete.

The former farmlands of Cobh have been extensively developed in recent years, with a large amount of housing estates being built in areas such as Rushbrooke and Carrignafoy. Cobh is gradually becoming a satellite town to the nearby Cork City. Leisure and commercial activities have improved in recent years, with new Supermarkets and Shopping Centres being built, and the re-development of the derelict Cobh Leisure Centre.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
A Run Ashore at Queenstown
de:Cobh

et:Cobh fr:Cobh ga:An Cóbh it:Cobh nl:Cobh pl:Cobh fi:Cobh sv:Cobh

Cobh

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