Coat of arms of Sudan
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The current coat of arms of Sudan was adopted in 1969. It shows a Secretary Bird bearing a shield from the time of Muhammad ibn Abdalla, the self-proclaimed Mahdi who briefly ruled Sudan in the 19th century. Two scrolls are placed on the arms; the upper one displays the national motto, Al-nasr lana ('Victory is ours'), and the lower one displays the title of the state, Jumhuriyat as-Sudan ('Republic of Sudan').
The secretary bird was chosen as a distinctively Sudanese variant of the "Eagle of Saladin" and "Hawk of Qureish" seen in the emblems of some Arab states, and associated with Arab nationalism (see Coat of arms of Egypt etc.).
The pre-1969 Sudanese state emblem consisted of a rhinoceros enclosed by two palm-trees.