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Chichester

Chichester

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Chichester
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Statistics
Population: 25,000
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference:SU865045
Administration
District: Chichester
Shire county: West Sussex
Region: South East England
Constituent country:England
Sovereign state:United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: West Sussex
Historic county: Sussex
Services
Police force: Sussex Police
Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}}
Ambulance:South East Coast
Post office and telephone
Post town: CHICHESTER
Postal district: PO19
Dialling code: 01243
Politics
UK Parliament: Chichester (UK Parliament constituency)
European Parliament: South East England
Image:Flag of England.svg

Chichester is a small Cathedral city in the south of England, in the county of West Sussex, with a population of about 25,000.

It is the administrative centre of the Chichester district, a largely rural area with a population of over 100,000. It is also the county town of West Sussex, home of West Sussex County Council.

The patron saint of The City of Chichester is Saint Richard of Chichester, bishop of the See of Chichester in the thirteenth century.

The City of Chichester is twinned with:

Contents

[edit] History

It has been argued that the area was a bridgehead for the Roman invasion of Britain. The city centre stands on the foundations of the Romano-British city of Noviomagus Reginorum, capital of the Civitas Reginorum, and near to the Roman Palace of Fishbourne. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it was captured towards the close of the fifth century, by Ælle, and renamed after his son, Cissa. It was the chief city of the Kingdom of Sussex. The Roman Road of Stane Street, connecting Fishbourne Palace with London, passes through the city centre. The city streets have a cross-shaped layout, inherited from the Romans: radiating outwards from the medieval market cross lead the North, South, East and West shopping streets. Quite a lot of the city walls are in place, and may be walked along for some of their length.

[edit] Unusual Franchise

For 300 years before the 19th-century Reform Bills expanded the right to vote for members of Parliament to include most ordinary citizens, Chichester's residents had enjoyed that right. Famously, when the mayor restricted the vote to only Freemen in the election of 1660 for the Convention Parliament that organized the restoration of the monarchy, the House of Commons noted that "for One-and-twenty Parliaments, the Commonalty, as well as the Citizens, had had Voice in the electing of Members to serve in Parliament; and that thereupon the Committee were of Opinion, that the Commonalty of the said Borough, together with the free Citizens, have Right of Election" [1] and overturned the election, seating instead the candidate elected by the more-inclusive Commonality of Chichester, and jailing the mayor for two weeks for contempt because of his his wilful denial of the ancient rights.

Similar expanded voting eligibility in the boroughs of Tavestocke, Ludgersall, Plymouth, Northampton and Abingdon was also recognized by that same Parliament.

[edit] Cathedral

Image:Project Gutenberg eText 13495 470-1.png
Chichester Cross, 1831 illustration

Chichester cathedral is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and contains a shrine to Saint Richard of Chichester. Its spire, built of the weak local stone, collapsed suddenly and was rebuilt during the 19th century. Within the nave of the cathedral can be seen the remains of a Roman mosaic pavement. The Cathedral is unusual in the UK in having a separate bell tower a few metres away from the main building, rather than integrated into it.

[edit] City

The city is highly appealing architecturally, with a high concentration of Georgian buildings along the major and minor city streets. Its Cathedral is also one of the country's most famous.

[edit] Chichester Festivities

The city is known for the annual Chichester Festivities, a three-week arts and music festival held in July.

[edit] Chichester Festival Theatre

The city is home to the world-renowned Chichester Festival Theatre whose annual summer season attracts the highest calibre of actors, writers and directors and is widely considered one of the most important annual events in British theatre.

[edit] Pallant House Gallery

[edit] Music Scene

In more recent years the town has given birth to a growing music scene centred around several Pubs in the region. Local band Hope of the States released their debut album The Lost Riots in January 2005 to wide acclaim. Anthony Hegarty from Antony and the Johnsons fame was born in Chichester and attended the local school St Richards Roman Catholic Primary School before moving to New York.

[edit] Education

[edit] Infant, Primary & Secondary schools

Chichester is home to:

[edit] Higher & Further Education Institutions

  • University of Chichester - initially Bishop Otter College, then became University College Chichester; it was more recently granted degree-awarding body status by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, becoming a full university. Whereas Chichester College has always been focused towards vocational qualifications, the University of Chichester has a more academic focus (mainly in The Arts).
  • Chichester College - formerly Chichester College of Arts, Science and Technology; offers both foundation-level and degree-equivalent courses, mainly focused towards vocational qualifications for industry. The College has recently made significant investment in upgrading facilities, and is now offering a wider range of subject areas in its prospectus.

[edit] Transport

[edit] Roads

[edit] Rail

On the main Southcoast line, used to be joined with a branch to Midhurst. There was also a short-lived tramline to Selsey. Now there are regular services to Brighton, London Victoria via Gatwick Airport, Portsmouth, Southampton and Basingstoke.

[edit] Area

Close to Chichester is the important Roman site of Fishbourne, and Chichester Harbour to which the city was connected by the Chichester Canal, currently under restoration.

To the north-east of Chichester is the country home and estate of Goodwood House, the seat of the Dukes of Richmond. The estate is also home to the Goodwood Racecourse, Goodwood Aerodrome and Motor Circuit, Goodwood Sculpture Park, Goodwood Park Hotel, Golf Course and Country Club.

3 miles east of Chichester is the RAF Tangmere airfield, which played an important role in World War II during the Battle of Britain

[edit] Conservation

The Chichester Conservation Area Character Appraisal was adopted as Supplementary Planning Guidance on the 8th March 2005 by the District Councils' Executive Board.

The area encompasses the whole of the Roman town, with additions to every side: Northgate, Westgate, Southgate, and Eastgate. The Caledonian Road area to the south-east and Somerstown to the north are also included. Further to the north lies the separate conservation area around Graylingwell Hospital, and to the south, the Chichester Conservation Area has been extended recently to include the newly restored canal basin and part of the canal itself.

Image:CCA.png
The 8 areas of Chichester Conservation

The conservation area has been split into eight ‘character’ areas, based on historic development, building type, uses and activities.

[edit] References

[edit] External links


 
Places with City status in England
Image:Flag of England.svg
Bath | Birmingham | Bradford | Brighton & Hove | Bristol | Cambridge | Canterbury | Carlisle | Chester | Chichester | Coventry | Derby | Durham | Ely | Exeter | Gloucester | Hereford | Kingston upon Hull | Lancaster | Leeds | Leicester | Lichfield | Lincoln | Liverpool | London (City of London and Westminster) | Manchester | Newcastle upon Tyne | Norwich | Nottingham | Oxford | Peterborough | Plymouth | Portsmouth | Preston | Ripon | Saint Albans | Salford | Salisbury | Sheffield | Southampton | Stoke-on-Trent | Sunderland | Truro | Wakefield | Wells | Winchester | Wolverhampton | Worcester | York


Coordinates: 50°50′11″N, 0°46′46″Wde:Chichester fr:Chichester (Angleterre) it:Chichester nl:Chichester no:Chichester ru:Чичестер fi:Chichester sv:Chichester tr:Chichester

Chichester

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