Chenango County, New York
Learn more about Chenango County, New York
|Chenango County, New York|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Chenango County.png|
Location in the state of New York
|Formed||March 15, 1798|
2,328 km² (898.85 mi²)
2,317 km² (894.6 mi²)
11 km² (4.25 mi²), 0.48%
- For other places named "Chenango," see Chenango.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Chenango County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
For the interim history of the development of Albany County, see
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Chenango County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Chenango County is in the approximate center of the state, west of Albany, north of Binghamton, and southeast of Syracuse. The county is considered to be in the Southern Tier region of New York State.
 Adjacent Counties
- Madison County, New York - north
- Otsego County, New York - northeast
- Delaware County, New York - southeast
- Broome County, New York - south
- Cortland County, New York - west
As of the census² of 2000, there were 51,401 people, 19,926 households, and 13,549 families residing in the county. The population density was 22/km² (58/mi²). There were 23,890 housing units at an average density of 10/km² (27/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 19,926 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,679, and the median income for a family was $39,711. Males had a median income of $30,363 versus $22,429 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,427. About 10.70% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
 Additional county information
Morrisville State College has a branch in Norwich.
 Cities, Towns, and Villages
- Afton (village)
- Afton (town)
- Bainbridge (town)
- Bainbridge (village)
- Columbus (town)
- Coventry (town)
- Earlville (village)
- German (town)
- Greene (town)
- Greene (village)
- Guilford (town)
- Lincklaen (town)
- McDonough (town)
- New Berlin (town)
- New Berlin (village)
- North Norwich (town)
- Norwich (city)
- Norwich (town)
- Otselic (town)
- Oxford (town)
- Oxford (village)
- Pharsalia (town)
- Pitcher (town)
- Plymouth (town)
- Preston (town)
- Sherburne (town)
- Sherburne (village)
- Smithville (town)
- Smyrna (town)
- Smyrna (village)
- ==> Labels in parentheses refer to official designation.
 External links
- Chenango County, NY webpage
- Chenango County historical information
- Morrisville State College
- Chenango County information
- County historical summary
- NEW YORK: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne; Edited by John H. Long.de:Chenango County