Central Powers

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Image:Europe 1914.jpg
European military alliances in 1914. The Central Powers are depicted in purple, the Allied Powers in gray and neutral countries in yellow.
Map of the World with the Participants in World War I. The Allies and their colonies are depicted in green, the Central Powers and their colonies in orange, and neutral countries in gray.

The Central Powers were the nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria, which fought against the Allies during World War I. They are called this because they all were located between Russia in the east and France and the United Kingdom in the west.

Germany and Austria-Hungary became allies on 7 October 1879, being joined subsequently (20 May 1882) (see Triple Alliance) by Italy, which intended to limit the alliance to defensive purposes. At the beginning of the war, the German and Austro-Hungarian request of Italian intervention, was rejected by the Italian Government based on the fact that Austria and not Serbia declared war, so it was not a defensive war. Italy entered World War I on May 23, 1915, on the Allies' side

Following the outbreak of European war in August 1914, the Ottoman Empire intervened at the end of October against Russia, provoking declarations of war by the Triple Entente powers--Russia, France and Britain.

Bulgaria, still resentful after its defeat in July 1913 at the hands of Serbia, Greece, Romania and the Ottoman Empire, was the last nation to enter the war against the Entente, invading Serbia in conjunction with German and Austro-Hungarian forces in October 1915.

Fringe movements supported the efforts of the Central Powers for their own reasons, such as the rebels who launched the Easter Rising in Dublin in April 1916; they referred to their "gallant allies in Europe". In 1917-18 the Finns under Mannerheim and the Ukrainian and Lithuanian nationalists had a common cause against Russia.

Bulgaria signed an armistice with the Allies on 29 September 1918, following a successful Allied advance in Macedonia. The Ottoman Empire followed suit on 30 October in the face of British and Arab gains in Palestine and Syria. Austria and Hungary concluded ceasefires separately during the first week of November following the disintegration of the Habsburg Empire, and Germany signed the armistice ending the war on the morning of 11 November after a succession of advances by Belgian, British, French and US forces in north-eastern France and Belgium.

Central powers surrender by order of date:

  • Bulgaria 29 September 1918
  • The Ottoman Empire 30 October 1918
  • Austria-Hungary 4 November 1918
  • Germany 11 November 1918

[edit] See also

World War I
Theatres Main events Specific articles Participants See also

Sarajevo assassination
The July Ultimatum

Main theatres:
Western Front
Eastern Front
Italian Front
Middle Eastern Theatre
Balkan Theatre
Atlantic Theatre

Other theatres:
African Theatre
Pacific Theatre

General timeline:
WWI timeline

Battle of Liège
Battle of Tannenberg
Invasion of Serbia
First Battle of the Marne
First Battle of Arras
Battle of Sarikamis
Mesopotamian Campaign
Battle of Gallipoli
Italian Campaign
Conquest of Serbia
Battle of Verdun
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Jutland
Brusilov Offensive
Conquest of Romania
Great Arab Revolt
Second Battle of Arras (Vimy Ridge)
Battle of Passchendaele
Capture of Baghdad
Conquest of Palestine
Spring Offensive
Hundred Days Offensive
Meuse-Argonne Offensive
Armistice with Germany
Armistice with Ottoman Empire

Military engagements
Naval warfare
Air warfare
Poison gas
Trench warfare
Partition of Ottoman Empire

Civilian impact and atrocities:
Armenian Genocide
Assyrian Genocide

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Paris Peace Conference
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of St. Germain
Treaty of Neuilly
Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Sèvres
Treaty of Lausanne
League of Nations

Entente Powers
Image:Russian Empire 1914 17.svg Russian Empire
Image:Flag of France.svg France
Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
  » Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
  » Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia
  » Image:Flag of Canada-1868-Red.svg Canada
  » Image:Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign.svg India
  » Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
  » Image:Flag of Newfoundland.svg Newfoundland
  » Image:South Africa Red Ensign.png South Africa
Image:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
Image:Rumania.gif Romania
Image:US flag 48 stars.svg United States
Image:Flaf of Serbia (1882-1918).png Serbia
Image:Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
Image:Flag of the Republic of China 1912-1928.svg China
Image:Flag of Japan - variant.svg Japan
Image:Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium
Image:Old Flag of Montenegro.png Montenegro
Image:Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg Greece
Image:Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia

Central Powers
Image:Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire
Image:Flag of Austria-Hungary.svg Austria-Hungary
Image:Ottoman Flag.svg Ottoman Empire
Image:Bg-1913.gif Bulgaria

Category: World War I
A war to end all wars
Female roles
Total war
Spanish flu

Contemporaneous conflicts:
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
Maritz Rebellion
Easter Rising
Russian Revolution
Russian Civil War
Finnish Civil War
North Russia Campaign
Wielkopolska Uprising
Polish–Soviet War
Turkish War of Independence also known as the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)

ar:قوات المحور

cs:Centrální mocnosti da:Centralmagterne de:Mittelmächte es:Potencias Centrales eo:Centraj Potencoj gl:Potencias Centrais ko:동맹국 id:Blok Sentral is:Miðveldin it:Imperi Centrali he:מעצמות המרכז hu:Központi hatalmak lt:Centrinių valstybių sąjunga nl:Centrale mogendheid ja:中央同盟国 no:Sentralmaktene pl:Państwa centralne pt:Impérios Centrais ro:Puterile Centrale ru:Тройственный союз 1882 sk:Ústredné veľmoci fi:Keskusvallat sl:Centralne sile sv:Centralmakterna tr:İttifak Devletleri ur:مرکزی طاقتیں zh:同盟國 (第一次世界大戰)

Central Powers

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