Cayuga County, New York
Learn more about Cayuga County, New York
|Cayuga County, New York|
|Image:Cayuga County ny seal.gif|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Cayuga County.png|
Location in the state of New York
2,237 km² (864 mi²)
sq mi ( km²)
441 km² (170 mi²), 19.74%
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Cayuga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. Then in 1817, in turn, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a piece of the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.
Cayuga County is located in the west central part of the state, in the Finger Lakes region. Owasco Lake is in the center of the county, and Cayuga Lake forms part of the western boundary. Lake Ontario is on the northern border, and Skaneateles Lake is at the eastern border. Cayuga County has more waterfront land than any other county in the state not adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.
 Adjacent Counties
- Oswego County, New York - northeast
- Onondaga County, New York - east
- Cortland County, New York - southeast
- Tompkins County, New York - south
- Seneca County, New York - west
- Wayne County, New York - west
As of the census² of 2000, there were 81,963 people, 30,558 households, and 20,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 46/km² (118/mi²). There were 35,477 housing units at an average density of 20/km² (51/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.34% White, 3.99% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 30,558 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,487, and the median income for a family was $44,973. Males had a median income of $33,356 versus $23,919 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 7.80% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
 Cities, towns, and villages
- Label in parentheses is the official political designation.
- Auburn (city)
- Aurelius (town)
- Aurora (village)
- Brutus (town)
- Cato (town)
- Cato (village)
- Cayuga (village)
- Conquest (town)
- Fair Haven (village)
- Fleming (town)
- Genoa (town)
- Ira (town)
- Ledyard (town)
- Locke (town)
- Melrose Park
- Mentz (town)
- Meridian (village)
- Montezuma (town)
- Moravia (town)
- Moravia (village)
- Niles (town)
- Owasco (town)
- Port Byron (village)
- Scipio (town)
- Sempronius (town)
- Sennett (town)
- Springport (town)
- Sterling (town)
- Summerhill (town)
- Throop (town)
- Union Springs (village)
- Venice (town)
- Victory (town)
- Weedsport (village)
- ==> designation in parentheses is official political level.
 External links
- County of Cayuga
- Cayuga County NYGenWeb Project
- Cayuga County history pages
- Summary early history of counties and towns of Cayuga County
- Cayuga County traffic & criminal courts
- Area photos, maps, history and genealogy