Carnegie Mellon University

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Image:CMUwordmark.gif
Image:CarnegieMellonSeal.gif
Motto "My heart is in the work" (Andrew Carnegie)
Established 1900
Type Private university
Endowment US $941 million [3]
President Jared Cohon
Faculty 1,259
Undergraduates 5,348
Postgraduates 4,109
Location Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Campus Urban, 103 acres (0.4 km²)
Athletics 17 Division III varsity athletic teams [4]
Nickname Tartans
Mascot Scottie Dog
Website www.cmu.edu

Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was formed in 1967 by the union of the Carnegie Institute of Technology (founded 1900) and the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research (founded 1913). Today, Carnegie Mellon attracts students from all 50 U.S. states, and 93 nations. In 2006, Newsweek's annual Kaplan Guide dubbed the university one of the "New Ivies" whose academic programs rival those of the traditional Ivy League universities.

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[edit] Campus

Carnegie Mellon's 103 acre (0.4 km²) main campus is three miles (5 km) from downtown Pittsburgh, between Schenley Park and the Squirrel Hill, Shadyside, and Oakland neighborhoods. Carnegie Mellon is bordered to the west by the campus of the neighboring University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as "Pitt."

A large grassy area known as the Cut forms the backbone of the campus, with a separate grassy area known as the Mall running perpendicular to it. The Cut was formerly a valley which was filled in with dirt from a nearby hill that was being leveled to build the College of Fine Arts building.

The northwestern part of the campus (currently home to Hamburg Hall, Newell-Simon Hall, Smith Hall, and the Planetary Robotics Building) was acquired from the U.S. Bureau of Mines in the 1980s.

Image:Wean hall.jpg
Wean Hall, home of Carnegie Mellon's School of Computer Science, as well as the world's first internet-enabled Coke machine. [1] [2]

In addition to its main Pittsburgh campus, Carnegie Mellon University also has smaller campuses in Silicon Valley and Qatar, and opened a new campus in Adelaide, Australia, in May 2006. Both the H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and the Entertainment Technology Center are delivering masters programs in Adelaide. The Entertainment Technology Center will also open a campus in Seoul, South Korea in the fall of 2007. The Tepper School of Business maintains a satellite center in New York.

Carnegie Mellon's Information Networking Institute offers graduate programs in Athens, Greece and Kobe, Japan, in collaboration with Athens Information Technology and the Hyogo Institute of Information Education Foundation, respectively.

See also:


[edit] Founding and early years: "My heart is in the work"

Image:Andrewcarnegie.jpg
Andrew Carnegie

Post-Civil War industrialists accumulated unprecedented wealth and were eager to found institutions in their name. Leland Stanford at Stanford University, John D. Rockefeller at the University of Chicago, and Phoebe Hearst at the University of California, Berkeley were just a few. Hearst funded a design competition for Berkeley. Competitions were clearly in the Beaux-Arts tradition, with its emphasis on design contests. Washington University in St. Louis, the U. S. Military Academy at West Point and the Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh) all held competitions for their campus plans.

Carnegie Technical Schools was founded in 1900 in Pittsburgh by industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who wrote the time-honored words "My heart is in the work" when he donated the funds to create Carnegie Technical Schools. Carnegie's vision was to open a vocational training school for the sons and daughters of working-class Pittsburghers. The name was changed to the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912, and the school began offering four-year degrees. In 1967, it merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to become Carnegie Mellon University.

[edit] Mid-20th Century: Gains in prestige

There was little change to the physical campus during the period of the two World Wars and the Great Depression between them. A 1938 master plan by Githens and Keally addressed new campus land along Forbes Avenue, but the plan was little realized. The period starting with the construction of GSIA (1952) and ending with Wean Hall (1971) saw the institutional change from Carnegie Institute of Technology to Carnegie Mellon University. New facilities had to respond to the university's growing national reputation in artificial intelligence, applied research, robotics, and the arts. Expanding student population resulted in improved facilities for student life, athletics, and libraries. The campus finally grew from its original land along Schenley Park to Forbes Avenue. The Cut, a ravine that had been gradually filled to campus level, joined the Mall as a major campus open space. (Source: Carnegie Master Campus Plan)

The buildings of this era reflect current attitudes toward architectural style. The International Style, with its rejection of historical tradition and its emphases on functionalism and expression of structure, had been in vogue in urban settings since the 1930s. It came late to the Carnegie campus because of the hiatus in building activity, and a general reluctance among all institutions of higher education to abandon the historical styles. By the 1960s it was seen as way to accomplish the needed expansion and at the same time give the campus a new image. Each building was a unique architectural statement which may have acknowledged the existing campus in its placement, but not in its form or materials. (Source: Carnegie Master Campus Plan)

During the 1970s and 1980s, the tenure of University President Richard M. Cyert (1972-1990) witnesses a period of unparalleled growth and development: The research budget soared from roughly $12 million annually in the early 1970s to more than $110 million in the late 1980s. The work of researchers in new fields like robotics and software engineering helped the university build on its reputation for innovation and practical problem solving. President Cyert stressed strategic planning and comparative advantage, pursuing opportunities in areas where Carnegie Mellon could outdistance its competitors. One example of this approach was the introduction of the university's "Andrew" computing network in the mid-1980s. This pioneering project, which linked all computers and workstations on campus, set the standard for educational computing and established Carnegie Mellon as a leader in the use of technology in education and research. James Gosling, the father of the Java programming language, received his Ph.D in computer science from Carnegie Mellon in 1983.

[edit] Contemporary Carnegie Mellon

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Image:Krauscampo.JPG
The Kraus Campo, designed by landscape architect Michael Van Valkenburgh with installations by artist Mel Bochner. The Campo is part of a recent, and often controversial, effort to bring more creative energy to the campus via progressive architecture and art installations.

The computer science, engineering, information systems, human-computer interaction, public policy, logic, and business programs are considered to be among the best in their fields. In specialty business areas ranked by U.S. News & World Report in 2006, Carnegie Mellon was 1st in Management Information Systems and 2nd in Quantitative Analysis and Productions/Operations and 1st Information and Technology Management. In specialty areas in engineering, Carnegie Mellon was 3rd in Computer Engineering. Carnegie Mellon was also listed by Newsweek in 2005 as the "Hottest College for a Job". Carnegie Mellon has consistently ranked 1st for graduate studies (Ph.D) in Computer Science [5]. For more on undergraduate and graduate school and department rankings by U.S. News & World Report, visit http://www.cmu.edu/clips/rankings.html

The university today consists of seven colleges and schools:

Colleges of Carnegie Mellon University founding Notes
School of Computer Science (SCS) 1965 Formerly a department within the Mellon College of Science, SCS was established as a separate school in 1988.
Carnegie Institute of Technology (CIT) 1900 Formerly the Carnegie Technical Schools, the CIT ("Carnegie Tech") namesake was adopted in 1912 as the name of the university. That name was transferred to the engineering college after the university's merger (and final name change) in 1967.
College of Fine Arts (CFA)1906Awarded the nation's first undergraduate degree in drama in 1917. Formerly the School of Fine and Applied Arts.
College of Humanities and Social Sciences (H&SS)1919Established as the Division of Academic Studies, shortly thereafter, the Division of General Studies. In 1941, became the Division of Humanistic and Social Studies. The College of Humanities and Social Sciences was organized in the mid 1970s.
Mellon College of Science (MCS)1905Formerly the College of Engineering and Science (E&S). Earlier, there was a School of Science and Technology.
H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management 1968 Formerly the School of Urban and Public Affairs, the Heinz namesake was adopted in 1992.
David A. Tepper School of Business1949Formerly the Graduate School of Industrial Administration, the Tepper namesake was adopted in 2004 after a record donation of 55 million dollars.
Image:CMU Hamershlag snow.jpg
Hamerschlag Hall, named after the first President of Carnegie Tech.

The branch campuses of the university offer business and technology-related degrees.

The university houses famous research centers such as the Robotics Institute, which is the first of its kind in the world and considered a leader in the field of robotics, and the Software Engineering Institute which undertakes projects relating to software security, code re-use, and development models and is largely funded by the United States Department of Defense. The Software Engineering Institute's Capability Maturity Model is used widely.

The University also hosts the Pennsylvania Governor's School for the Sciences, a state funded summer program which aims to foster interest in science amongst gifted high school students.

[edit] Organization

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On April 15, 1997, Jared L. Cohon, former dean of Yale University's School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, was elected by the Board of Trustees to become school president. During Cohon's presidency, Carnegie Mellon has continued its trajectory of innovation and growth. President Cohon leads a comprehensive strategic plan that aims to leverage the university's existing strengths to benefit society in the areas of biotechnology and life sciences, information and security technology, environmental science and practices, the fine arts and humanities.

The presidents prior to Cohon are:

Presidents of Carnegie Mellon University Tenure Notes
1 Arthur A. Hamerschlag 1903–1922 Organized structure of university
2 Thomas S. Baker 1922–1935
3 Robert E. Doherty 1936–1950 -
4 J.C. Warner 1950–1965 -
5 H. Guyford Stever 1965–1972 Oversaw the merger of Carnegie Institute of Technology & Mellon Institute of Industrial Research, founded of School of Urban and Public Affairs which later became the Heinz School of Public Policy
6 Richard M. Cyert 1972–1990
7 Robert Mehrabian 1990–1997
8 Jared L. Cohon 1997–

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Official information


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da:Carnegie Mellon University de:Carnegie Mellon University es:Universidad Carnegie Mellon fr:Université Carnegie Mellon it:Carnegie Mellon University ka:კარნეგი-მელონის უნივერსიტეტი ja:カーネギーメロン大学 no:Carnegie Mellon University ru:Университет Карнеги—Меллон sv:Carnegie Mellon University th:มหาวิทยาลัยคาร์เนกีเมลลอน zh:卡内基梅隆大学

Carnegie Mellon University

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