CAS registry number

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CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. They are also referred to as CAS numbers, CAS RNs or CAS #s.

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), a division of the American Chemical Society, assigns these identifiers to every chemical that has been described in the literature. The intention is to make database searches more convenient, as chemicals often have many names. Almost all molecule databases today allow searching by CAS number.

As of December 1, 2006, there were 30,274,961 substances in the CAS registry.<ref>CAS Registry Number and Substance Counts</ref> Around 50,000 new numbers are added each week.

CAS also maintains and sells a database of these chemicals, known as the CAS registry.

Contents

[edit] Format

A CAS registry number is separated by hyphens into three parts, the first consisting of up to 6 digits, the second consisting of two digits, and the third consisting of a single digit serving as a check digit. The numbers are assigned in increasing order and do not have any inherent meaning. The checksum is calculated by taking the last digit times 1, the next digit times 2, the next digit times 3 etc., adding all these up and computing the sum modulo 10. For example, the CAS number of water is 7732-18-5: the checksum is calculated as (8×1 + 1×2 + 2×3 + 3×4 + 7×5 + 7×6) = 105; 105 mod 10 = 5.

[edit] Isomers, enzymes, and mixtures

Different stereoisomers of a molecule receive different CAS numbers: D-glucose has 50-99-7, L-glucose has 921-60-8, α-D-glucose has 26655-34-5, etc. Occasionally, whole classes of molecules receive a single CAS number: the group of alcohol dehydrogenases has 9031-72-5. An example of a mixture with a CAS number is mustard oil (8007-40-7).

[edit] Searches

When using CAS numbers for database searches, it is useful to include the numbers of closely related compounds. For instance, to search for information about cocaine (CAS 50-36-2), one should include cocaine hydrochloride (CAS 53-21-4), since that is the most common form of cocaine when used as a drug.

[edit] Notes

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[edit] See also

[edit] External links

To find the CAS number of a compound given its name, formula or structure, the following free resources can be used:

For an extended list of resources, see:

cs:Registrační číslo CAS da:CAS-nummer de:CAS-Nummer es:Número CAS fr:Numéro CAS gl:Número CAS it:Numero CAS he:מספר CAS hu:CAS-szám nl:CAS-nummer ja:CAS登録番号 no:CAS-nummer nn:CAS-nummer pl:Numer CAS pt:Registro CAS ru:Регистрационный номер CAS sk:Registračné číslo CAS sr:ЦАС регистарски број fi:CAS-numero sv:CAS-nummer th:เลขทะเบียน CAS vi:Số đăng ký CAS tr:CAS kayıt numarası zh:CAS号

CAS registry number

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