Learn more about Building</div>
- Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy or
- An act of construction.
Buildings serve several needs of society.
The human body can be sustained and may effectively function only within a limited range of climatic conditions such as temperature, humidity, moisture, sunlight, and amount of oxygen and pollutants in the air. Along with access to food and drinking water, the need to creating places that are protected from the outdoors and where one can comfortably live, work, eat, sleep, procreate or engage in leisurely activities has always been a top priority for humans. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat into the inside (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful). yawaHumans have a remarkable drive to reflect on their lives and express themselves through art. Ever since the first cave paintings, the buildings and everything on, inside and near buildings have become objects of artistic expression. In recent years, interest on sustainable planning and building practices has increased in the U.S.
 Commercial, Industrial, and Institutional
Commercial buildings are for business use, e.g., for offices and sales. Industrial buildings include manufacturing and warehousing functions, for example. Institutional buildings, such as governmental and military hospitals, colleges, and administration buildings are normally built for longer useful lives.
Small Police Station Large Police Station City Jail CII buildings are sometimes built more for function than style, due to time and cost pressures, and they may use any type of architectural design to accomplish their purposes.
Single family and multi-family dwellings are typically built as shelter and living space. These building types may range from one-room wood-framed, masonry, or adobe dwellings to multi-million dollar high-rise buildings able to house thousands of people. The definition of a low-rise vs. a high-rise residential building is being debated, but generally three stories or less is considered low-rise.
The practice of designing, constructing, and operating buildings is normally a collective effort of different groups of professionals and trades. Depending on the size, complexity, and purpose of a particular building project, the project team may include:
- A real estate developer who secures funding for the project;
- One or more financial institutions or other investors that provide the funding
- Local planning and code authorities
- A Land Surveyor who performs an ALTA/ACSM and construction surveys throughout the project;
- Construction managers who coordinate the effort of different groups of project participants;
- Licensed architects and engineers who provide building design and prepare construction documents;
- Landscape architects;
- Interior designers;
- Other consultants;
- Contractors who provide construction services and install building systems such as climate control, electrical, plumbing, fire protection, security and telecommunications;
- Marketing or leasing agents;
- Facility managers who are responsible for operating the building.
 Building ownership and funding
 Planning and design
- Urban planning
- Site planning
- Architectural design
- Civil engineering
- Structural engineering
- Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing design
- Landscape design
- Urban design
- Quantity surveying
- Project management in the building process chain
 Building services
 Conveying systems
Systems for transport of people within buildings:
Systems for transport of people between interconnected buildings:
 See also
- Architectural structure
- Autonomous building
- Building automation system
- Builders' rites
- Building material
- Cost overrun
- Fire protection
- Green building
- Hurricane proof building
- List of building types
- Famous buildings
- Natural building
- Natural disaster and earthquake
- Nonbuilding structure
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