Broome County, New York
Learn more about Broome County, New York
|Broome County, New York|
|Image:Broome County ny seal.gif|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Broome County.svg|
Location in the state of New York
1,853 km² (715 mi²)
2,831 km² (707 mi²)
22 km² (9 mi²), 1.21%
Broome County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 200,536. It was named in honor of John Broome, who was lieutenant governor in 1806 when Broome County was established. Its county seat is Binghamton, which is also its major city.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Broome County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county, also including the present Broome and Chemung Counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler Counties.
Tioga County was reduced in size in 1798 by the splitting off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County.
Broome County was split off from Tioga County in 1806.
Broome County is located in south-central New York State, directly north of the border with Pennsylvania in a section of the state called the Southern Tier. The Chenango River joins the Susquehanna River, which flows through the county.
The western half of the county is hilly but has wide valleys that accommodate Binghamton and its suburbs. In the northern portion Interstate 81 takes advantage of another glacial valley. To the east, however, the terrain becomes much more rugged as the land tilts up to the Catskills.
The highest elevation is a U.S. National Geodetic Survey benchmark known as Slawson atop an unnamed hill in the Town of Sanford. It is approximately 2,080 feet (634 m) above sea level. An area due east on the Delaware County line in Oquaga Creek State Park also lies within the same elevation contour. The lowest point is 864 feet (263 m) above sea level, along the Susquehanna at the Pennsylvania state line.
 Adjacent Counties
- Chenango County, New York - north
- Delaware County, New York - east
- Wayne County, Pennsylvania - southeast
- Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania - south
- Tioga County, New York - west
- Cortland County, New York - northwest
As of the census² of 2000, there were 200,536 people, 80,749 households, and 50,225 families residing in the county. The population density was 110/km² (284/mi²). There were 88,817 housing units at an average density of 49/km² (126/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.33% White, 3.28% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 80,749 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 31.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,347, and the median income for a family was $45,422. Males had a median income of $34,426 versus $24,542 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,168. About 8.80% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.
 Cities, Towns, and Villages
- Barker (town)
- Binghamton (city)
- Binghamton (town)
- Chenango (town)
- Colesville (town)
- Conklin (town)
- Deposit (village)
- Dickinson (town)
- Endicott (village)
- Endwell (hamlet)
- Fenton (town)
- Johnson City (village)
- Kirkwood (town)
- Lisle (village)
- Lisle (town)
- Killawog (hamlet)
- Maine (town)
- Nanticoke (town)
- Port Dickinson (village)
- Sanford (town)
- Triangle (town)
- Union (town)
- Vestal (town)
- Whitney Point (village)
- Windsor (village)
- Windsor (town)
- => Official political designation is shown in parentheses.
 Notable natives and residents
- John Allen, (1810-1892), born in Broome County, noted dentist and inventor of new denture method<ref name="Marquis 1607-1896"> (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who.</ref>
- David Ross Locke, a journalist and early political commentator during the American Civil War
- Rod Serling, a screenwriter most famous for his science fiction anthology series The Twilight Zone.