Broadway theatre

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Broadway theatre<ref name="spelling">While many Americans use the spelling "theater", the majority of venues, performers, and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use "theatre". The -er spelling is more common, for example, when writing movie theater.

</ref> is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. Broadway theatre, or a Broadway show, refers to a performance (usually a play or musical) staged in one of the thirty-nine larger professional theatres located in the New York City borough of Manhattan, with 500 seats or more, that appeal to the mass audience.[1]

Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is often considered of the highest level of English language theatre.[citation needed] Unlike most developed nations, the US has no nationwide government-subsidized theatre program, and thus the shows that reach Broadway and thrive there have historically been perceived as more populist or crowd-pleasing, less avant-garde or challenging than the plays produced Off-Broadway or in regional non-profit theatres such as the Guthrie Theatre and the American Repertory Theatre. (Whether this remains the case is debatable, as rigorous and harrowing shows such as The Pillowman and The Lieutenant Of Inishmore have met great critical success on Broadway, while conversely many regional theatres have tried to keep audiences by producing fluffy or "commercial" shows.[citation needed])


Contents

[edit] Runs

Broadway shows may run for a varying number of weeks, depending on ticket sales. Musicals tend to have longer runs than do stage plays. On January 9, 2006, The Phantom of the Opera at the Majestic Theatre became the longest running musical with 7,486 performances when it overtook Cats[2].

In addition to long runs in Broadway theatres, producers often copy the production with a new cast and crew for the Broadway national tour,[citation needed] which travels to theatres across the country. Both musicals and stage plays on Broadway and in their respective tours often rely on casting well-known performers in leading roles to draw larger audiences or bring in new audience members to the theatre. Actors from movies and television are frequently cast for the premieres of Broadway shows or are used to replace actors leaving a cast. Many performers, however, are still primarily "stage" actors, who spend more time on the stages of New York and will appear in television and screen roles as a secondary venue. (Stage actors generally once looked down on other venues, notably film and television, and it was common to hear stagecraft referred to as "legitimate theatre" - the implication being that film and television were not legitimate.)

[edit] Audience

Seeing a Broadway show is a common tourist activity in New York and a business that generates billions of dollars annually. The Tkts booth in Duffy Square, at Broadway and 47th Street, sells same-day tickets for many Broadway and Off-Broadway shows at half price. This service helps sell empty seats and makes seeing a show in New York more affordable. Many Broadway theatres also offer special student rates, same-day "rush" tickets, or standing-room tickets to help ensure that more people have the opportunity to see Broadway shows.

Some theatregoers prefer the more experimental, challenging, and intimate performances possible in smaller theatres, which are referred to as Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway (though some may be physically located on or near Broadway). The classification of theatres is governed by language in Actors' Equity Association contracts. To be eligible for a Tony, a production must be in a house with 500 seats or more, which basically defines Broadway theatre. Some theatres (by adding or subtracting seats) can convert from Off-Broadway to Broadway and vice versa.

Total Broadway attendance in 2005 was just under 12 million [3]. This was approximately the same as London's West End theatre [4].

[edit] Tony Awards

Broadway shows and artists are honored every June when the Antoinette Perry Awards (Tony Awards) are given by the American Theatre Wing. The Tony is Broadway's highest theatre award. The importance of these awards has increased since their annual broadcast on television began. Celebrities are often chosen to host the show, like Hugh Jackman and Rosie O'Donnell, in addition to celebrity presenters. While some critics have felt that the show should focus on celebrating the stage, many others recognize the positive impact that famous faces lend to selling more tickets and bringing more people to the theatre. The performances from Broadway musicals on the telecast have also been cited as vital to the survival of many Broadway shows. Many theatre people, notably critic Frank Rich, dismiss the Tony awards as little more than a commercial for the limited world of Broadway, which after all can only support a maximum of two dozen shows a season, and constantly call for the awards to embrace off-Broadway theatre as well.

[edit] List of Broadway theaters

  • If no show is currently running, the play listed is the next show planned (dates marked with an * )
  • If the next show planned is not announced, the play listed is the last one that closed.
Theatre Current show Address Opening date
Ambassador Theatre Chicago 219 West 49th Street November 14, 1996
American Airlines Theatre Heartbreak House 227 West 42nd Street October 11, 2006
Brooks Atkinson Theatre Moon 256 West 47th Street October 26, 2006
Ethel Barrymore Theatre Company 243 West 47th Street November 29, 2006 *
David Belasco Theatre 111 West 44th Street
Vivian Beaumont Theatre (at Lincoln Center) The Coast of Utopia 150 West 65th Street November 5, 2006
Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre Martin Short: Fame Becomes Me 242 West 45th Street August 17, 2006
Biltmore Theater Losing Louie 261 West 47th Street October 12, 2006
Edwin Booth Theatre Butley 222 West 45th Street October 25, 2006
George Broadhurst Theatre Les Misérables 235 West 44th Street November 9, 2006
The Broadway Theatre The Color Purple 1681 Broadway December 1, 2005
Cadillac Winter Garden Theatre Mamma Mia! 1634 Broadway October 18, 2001
Circle in the Square Theatre The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee 1633 Broadway May 2, 2005
Cort Theatre The Little Dog Laughed 138 West 48th Street November 13, 2006
Gershwin Theatre Wicked 222 West 51st Street October 30, 2003
John Golden Theatre Avenue Q 252 West 45th Street July 31, 2003
Helen Hayes Theatre Jay Johnson: The Two and Only 240 West 44th Street September 28th, 2006
Hilton Theatre Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas 213 West 42nd Street November 8, 2006
Al Hirschfeld Theatre The Wedding Singer 302 West 45th Street April 27, 2006
Imperial Theatre High Fidelity 249 West 45th Street December 7, 2006
Walter Kerr Theatre Grey Gardens 218 West 48th Street November 2, 2006
Alfred Lunt-Lynn Fontanne Theatre Beauty and the Beast 205 West 46th Street April 18, 1994
Lyceum Theatre Inherit the Wind 149 West 45th Street March, 2007
Majestic Theatre The Phantom of the Opera 247 West 44th Street January 26, 1988
Marquis Theatre The Drowsy Chaperone 1535 Broadway May 1, 2006
Minskoff Theatre The Lion King 1515 Broadway June 13, 2006
Music Box Theatre The Vertical Hour 239 West 45th Street November 30, 2006
Nederlander Theatre Rent 208 West 41st Street April 29, 1996
New Amsterdam Theatre Mary Poppins 214 West 42nd Street November 16, 2006
Eugene O'Neill Theatre Spring Awakening 230 West 49th Street December 10, 2006 *
Palace Theatre Legally Blonde: The Musical (announced) 1564 Broadway April 29, 2007 *
Richard Rodgers Theatre Tarzan 226 West 46th Street May 10, 2006
Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre A Chorus Line 236 West 45th Street October 5, 2006
Sam S. Shubert Theatre Spamalot 225 West 44th Street March 17, 2005
Neil Simon Theatre Hairspray 250 West 52nd Street August 15, 2002
St. James Theatre The Producers 246 West 44th Street April 19, 2001
August Wilson Theatre Jersey Boys 245 West 52nd Street November 6, 2005

[edit] See Also

  • [[Broadway: The

[edit] External links

[edit] Notes

<references />

     
Broadway theatres
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SHUBERT: Ambassador Theatre | Ethel Barrymore Theatre | Belasco Theatre | Booth Theatre | Broadhurst Theatre | The Broadway Theatre | Cort Theatre | John Golden Theatre | Imperial Theatre | Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre | Longacre Theatre | Lyceum Theatre | Majestic Theatre | Music Box Theatre (joint operation) | Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre | Shubert Theatre | Winter Garden Theatre
NEDERLANDER: Brooks Atkinson Theatre | George Gershwin Theatre | Lunt-Fontanne Theatre | Marquis Theatre | Minskoff Theatre | Nederlander Theatre | Neil Simon Theatre | Palace Theatre | Richard Rodgers Theatre
JUJAMCYN: Al Hirschfeld Theatre | Walter Kerr Theatre | Eugene O'Neill Theatre | St. James Theatre | August Wilson Theatre
ROUNDABOUT: American Airlines Theatre | Studio 54
OTHER: Vivian Beaumont Theatre | Biltmore Theatre | Circle in the Square Theatre | Helen Hayes Theatre | Hilton Theatre | New Amsterdam Theatre
ACTIVE BUT NO LONGER BROADWAY HOUSES: City Center of Music and Drama | Hammerstein's Theatre/Manhattan Theatre | Manhattan Opera House
DEFUNCT AND DEMOLISHED: 39th Street Theatre | 44th Street Theatre | 48th Street Theatre | 49th Street Theatre | 52nd Street Theatre | Adelphi Theatre | American Theatre | Apollo Theatre | Astor Theatre | Bandbox Theatre | Belmont Theatre | Berkeley Lyceum Theatre | Bijou Theatre | Broadway Theatre (41st St.) | Casino Theatre | Center Theatre | Central Theatre | Century Theatre (46th St.) | Century Theatre (62nd St.) | Circle Theatre | Cosmopolitan Theatre | Criterion Theatre | Daly's Theatre (30th St.) | Daly's 63rd Street Theatre | Earl Carroll Theatre | Edison Theatre | Eltinge Theatre | Empire Theatre | Fifth Avenue Theatre | Frolic Theatre | Fulton Theatre | Gaiety Theatre | Garrick Theatre | George M. Cohan's Theatre | Hampden's Theatre/Harkness Theatre | Henry Miller's Theatre | Hudson Theatre | Herald Square Theatre | Hippodrome Theatre | Jardin de Paris | John Golden Theatre/Cort's 58th Street Theatre | Klaw Theatre/Avon Theatre | Knickerbocker Theatre | Latin Quarter | Liberty Theatre | Lincoln Square Theatre | Manhattan Theatre (33rd St.) | Mark Hellinger Theatre | Maxine Elliott's Theatre | Mayfair Theatre (44th St.) | Mayfair Theatre (46th St.) | Mercury Theatre | Morosco Theatre | New Century Theatre | New York Theatre (44th St.) | Nora Bayes Theatre | Playhouse Theatre | Playhouse Theatre (6th Ave.) | President Theatre | Princess Theatre (29th St.) | Princess Theatre (39th St.) | Proctor's Theatre | Punch and Judy Theatre/Charles Hopkins Theatre | Rialto Theatre | Sam H. Harris Theatre | Savoy Theatre | Star Theatre | Theatre Republic | Times Square Theatre | Vanderbilt Theatre | Victoria Theatre | Waldorf Theatre | Wallack's Theatre/Harris Theatre | Wallack's Theatre/Palmer's Theatre | Wallack's Lyceum Theatre | Waverley Theatre | Winter Garden Theatre (Jenny Lind Hall) | Ziegfeld Theatre
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Broadway theatre

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