Learn more about Brigadier General
Brigadier General (sometimes known as a one-star general from the United States insignia) is the lowest rank of general officer in some countries, usually ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. It is often a rank used in those militaries which do not maintain the rank a Colonel General (in those countries which do, Major General is normally the first general rank.
Brigadier General can trace its origins to the militaries of Europe where a Brigadier General, or simply a Brigadier, would command a Brigade in the field. The rank spread throughout the world after being adopted in the 18th century by the United States with simultaneous spreading of the rank by the British Empire.
In many navies, a Brigadier General is equal to a Commodore although some navies compare the rank as a Rear Admiral equivalent to demonstrate that the rank is considered a flag officer (or general officer) equivalent.
 Brigadier General ranks by country
The rank of Brigadier General (with some local variations) is used on both the Argentine Army and the Argentine Air Force. In both cases, the use of the rank is different from that of other military forces of the world.
The Army's rank of General de Brigada can be translated as Brigadier General, although the more correct translation would be "Brigade General". It should be noted that General de Brigada is actually a two-star general rank, as the one-star rank in the Argentine Army is the rank of Coronel Mayor (Senior Colonel).
Unlike other armed forces, the rank of Brigadier General is actually the highest rank in the Argentine Air Force, roughly equal to a four-star General in other services. This is due to the use of the rank of Brigadier and its derivatives to designate general-rank officers in the Air Force. The rank of Brigadier General is reserved to the Chief of the General Staff of the Air Force, as well as the Chief of the Joint General Staff if he should be an Air Force officer.
In the Australian Imperial Force during World War I, the rank of Brigadier-General was always temporary and held only while the officer was posted to a particular task, typically the command of a brigade. When posted elsewhere, the rank would be relinquished and the former rank resumed. This policy prevented an accumulation of high-ranking general officers brought about by the relatively high turnover of brigade commanders.
The Belgian Army uses the rank of Général de brigade (French) and Brigadegeneraal (Dutch). However, in this small military there are no permanent promotions to this rank, and it is only awarded as a temporary promotion to a full Colonel who assumes a post requiring the rank, notably in an international context (e.g. as Military Attaché in a major embassy such as Washington, D.C.).
In the Canadian Forces, the rank of Brigadier-General (BGen) (Brigadier-général or Bgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a Commodore of the Navy. A Brigadier-General is the lowest rank of General Officer, the Army and Air Force equivalent of a Naval Flag Officer. A Brigadier-General is senior to a Colonel or Naval Captain, and junior to a Major-General or Rear-Admiral.
The rank title "brigadier-general" is still used notwithstanding that brigades in the army are now commanded by Colonels. Until the late 1990's brigades were commanded by brigadier-generals. In the air force context, brigadier-generals used to command air force "Groups" until these bodies were abolished in the late 1990's.
The rank insignia for a brigadier-general is a single gold maple leaf beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, worn on the shoulder straps of the Service Dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. The Service Dress jacket also features a wide strip of gold braid around the cuff. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves; the air force wedge cap features gold braid on the edges of the ear flaps. The cap insignia for a general officer is a modified version of the Canadian Forces insignia; the collar insignia (Army generals only) is two crossed sabres. Some brigadier-generals, by nature of holding a branch-specific appointment, may continue to wear the insignia of their personnel branch; for example, the Chaplain-General wears the insignia of the Chaplain Branch, while the Surgeon-General continues to wear the collar insignia of the Canadian Forces Medical Service.
Brigadier-Generals are addressed by rank and name; thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am". Brigadier-Generals are normally entitled to staff cars.
Note: Before unification in 1968 of the Royal Canadian Air Force, Canadian Army, and the Royal Canadian Navy, rank structure and insignia followed the British pattern. In army usage, the term "Brigadier" was used to denote what is now known as a Brigadier-General while the air force used the term "Air Commodore".
The equivalent modern German rank is Brigadegeneral. The concept of a Brigadier General rank is relatively new, as prior to 1950 the lowest German General Officer rank was Generalmajor, which was often considered equivalent to Brigadier General in other armies.
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In the Israel Defense Forces, the rank of Brigadier General is called Tat Aluf and is the third highest rank, below Aluf (Major General) and Rav Aluf (Lieutenant General or General), and above Aluf Mishne (Colonel).
The rank of Brigadier General is known in South Korea as Chunjang and is a direct equivalent to the United States one star rank, with very similar insignia. The military of North Korea does not technically maintain a Brigadier General rank, but the first rank of Major General (Sojang) displays one star as its insignia and is the effective equivalent.
 Myanmar (Burma)
The rank of Brigadier General is known in Myanmar as Du Bo Mhu Gyoke and is often the commander of one of Myanmar's Regional Military Commands (RMC), commander of the light infantry division (LID) or Military Operation Commands (MOC). In civil service, Brigadier General often hold the office of deputy minister or director general of certain ministries.
Pakistan Army has followed British Army rank system since its independence from British Empire in 1947. However, crown in the ranks has been replaced with a star and crescent, which symbolizes the sovereignty of Government of Pakistan.
|Uniform Insignia||Image:Pak brigadier1.gif|
Brigadier General is equivalent to Brigadier in the Pakistan army, Commodore in Pakistan Navy and Air Commodore in Pakistan Air Force. Brigadier is also called a one star General. Like other armies, this rank is higher than Colonel and lower than Major General.
|Pakistani Officer Ranks|
|Rank||Field Marshal (6-Star)||General (4-Star)||Lieutenant General (3-Star)||Major General (2-Star)||Brigadier (1-Star)||Colonel||Lieutenant Colonel||Major||Captain||Lieutenant||2nd Lieutenant|
|Uniform Insignia||Image:Pak field marshal.gif||Image:Pak general.gif||Image:Pak lieutenant general.gif||Image:Pak major general.gif||Image:Pak brigadier1.gif||Image:Pak colonel.gif||Image:Pak lieutenant colonel.gif||Image:Pak major.gif||Image:Pak captain.gif||Image:Pak lieutenant.gif||Image:Pak 2ndlieutenant.gif|
Prior to 2002, the Polish rank of Generał brygady was equivalent to both the ranks of Major General and Brigadier General.
In the Portuguese Army and Air Force, Brigadier-General (Brigadeiro-General) is a temporary general rank for the Colonels that have to exerce a special command. It's the equivalent of the Commodore rank in the Portuguese Navy.
 United Kingdom
The rank of Brigadier-General was abolished in the British Army and Royal Marines in 1922. It was replaced initially by the appointment of Colonel-Commandant, but this was seen as unsatisfactory and in 1928 was replaced by the appointment of Brigadier (which became a conventional rank after World War II). The old rank of Brigadier General has since been reintroduced in Canada and some other Commonwealth countries.
Brigadier is the highest field officer rank (hence absence of the word "general"), whereas Brigadier-General was the lowest general officer rank. However, the two ranks are considered equal.
 United States
The rank of Brigadier General has existed in the United States armed forces since the American Revolutionary War. A Brigadier General was at first strictly an infantry officer who commanded a brigade, but the responsibilities of the rank drastically expanded throughout the 19th and 20th century.
The rank was the equivalent to the United States Navy rank of Commodore, which later became known as Rear Admiral (Lower Half). The insignia for a Brigadier General is one silver star worn on the shoulder or collar, with the insignia unchanged dating back to the creation of the rank some two centuries ago.
Since the Mexican-American War, however, the lower rank of Colonel has been the normal rank appointed to command a brigade.
Today, an Army or Marine Corps Brigadier General typically serves as Deputy Commander to the Commanding General of a division or division-sized units and assists in overseeing the planning and coordination of a mission. An Air Force Brigadier General typically commands a large wing. Additionally, one-star generals of all services may serve as high-level staff officers in large military organizations.
|U.S. commissioned officer ranks|
|Student Officer||O-1||O-2||O-3||O-4||O-5||O-6||O-7||O-8||O-9||O-10||O-11 (wartime only)||Special Grade|
|United States Navy:||MIDN/OC||ENS||LTJG||LT||LCDR||CDR||CAPT||RDML||RADM||VADM||ADM||FADM|| Admiral of|
|United States Marine Corps:||Midn||2ndLt||1stLt||Capt||Maj||LtCol||Col||BGen||MajGen||LtGen||Gen||(no equivalent)||(no equivalent)|
|United States Army:||CDT/OC||2LT||1LT||CPT||MAJ||LTC||COL||BG||MG||LTG||GEN|| General of|
|General of the Armies|
|United States Air Force:||Cadet||2nd Lt||1st Lt||Capt||Maj||Lt Col||Col||Brig Gen||Maj Gen||Lt Gen||Gen|| General of|
the Air Force
|United States Coast Guard:||CDT||ENS||LTJG||LT||LCDR||CDR||CAPT||RDML||RADM||VADM||ADM||(no equivalent)||(no equivalent)|
 List of notable Brigadier Generals
- Benedict Arnold (Continental Army/British Army)
- Kit Carson (US Army)
- Martin Dempsey (US Army)
- Charles de Gaulle (President of France)
- Reginald Dyer (Indian Army)
- David Fraser (Canadian Forces)
- Sheila A. Hellstrom (Canadian Forces; first female Brigadier-General)
- Susan Helms (NASA)
- Patrick D Hogan (Irish Army, also Chief Scout of the Catholic Boy Scouts of Ireland)
- Avigdor Kahalani (Israeli Defence Force)
- Janis Karpinski (US Army)
- Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (Continental Army)
- Lee Hsien Loong (Singapore Army)
- Jonathan Moulton (New Hampshire Militia)
- Franklin Pierce (US Army)
- Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (US Army)
- Angela Salinas (US Marine Corps)
- William Seawell (US Army)
- William Henry Seward, Jr. (Union Army)
- John Stark (Continental Army)
- James Stewart (U.S. Air Force (Reserve))
- Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez (Cuban Air Force)
- Paul Tibbets (US Air Force)
- Chuck Yeager (US Air Force)*
* Yeager was promoted to Major General on the retired list in 2005.
 See also
- wiktionary definition of General.
- Comparative military ranks
- Generał brygady
- U.S. Army officer rank insignia
- British Army officer rank insignia
- Military unitcs:Brigádní generál