Learn more about Bishopsgate
|OS grid reference:||TQ330813|
|Local government:||Corporation of London|
|Police force:||City of London Police|
|Ceremonial county:||City of London|
|Post office and telephone|
|UK Parliament:||Cities of London and Westminster|
|London Assembly:||City and East|
|Image:Flag of the City of London.svg|
Bishopsgate is a road and ward in the east part of the City of London, running north from Gracechurch Street to Norton Folgate. It is named after a former Gate in London Wall: one of the original seven gates of the City of London. The site of this Gate is marked by a stone Bishop's Mitre, fixed high on a building, at the junction of Wormwood Street and Camomile Street with Bishopsgate. The Wall (which no longer exists in this sector) divided the the ward into an intramural portion called Bishopsgate Within and an extramural portion called Bishopsgate Without. The Bishopsgate thoroughfare forms part of the A10 and the section to north of the site of the original Gate is the start of Roman Ermine Street, also known as the 'Old North Road'.
The parish church for the area of Bishopsgate Without is St Botolph's. This is situated just to the north of the original Gate on the west side of the road. Bishopsgate was originally the location of many coaching inns which accommodated passengers setting out on the Old North Road. These, though they survived the Great Fire of London, have now all been demolished. Also demolished (but then re-erected in Chelsea) was the old Crosby Hall, at one time the residence of King Richard III and Thomas More. The 17th century facade of Peter Pindar's House, on Bishopsgate was also preserved and can now be seen in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
On the 24 April 1993 it was the site of a Provisional IRA truck bomb, which killed journalist Ed Henty, injured over 40 people and caused £350,000,000 worth of damage, including the destruction of St Ethelburga's church, and serious damage to Liverpool St. Tube Station. Police had received a coded warning, but were still evacuating the area at the time of the explosion. The insurance payments required were so enormous, that Lloyds of London almost went bankrupt under the strain, and there was a crisis in the London insurance market. The area had already suffered damage from the Baltic Exchange bombing the year before.
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|London postal district | Eastern Central|