Basra Governorate

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Population (~)
 • Density
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Time zone IST (UTC+3)
Main language(s) Arabic

Basra province, or Al Basrah province, is a province in the nation of Iraq. Its capital is Basra, the second largest city in Iraq. Other major cities include Corna (Eden) and Az Zubayi and Umm Qasrand Abu Al Khaseeb .

The province has international borders with Kuwait to the south and Iran to the east.

Basra province has an area of 19,070 km², with an estimated population of about 2,600,000 people in 2003.


[edit] History

[edit] After World War I

Image:Basra Province 1897.png
Basra (Bassorah) Vilayet in 1897

Historically, under the Ottoman Empire, Basra province included Kuwait. After defeating the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the United Kingdom combined the old Ottoman provinces (vilayets) of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul to form the state of Iraq, which Britain controlled as a League of Nations mandate. (Kuwait had become a separate British protectorate shortly before the outbreak of World War I.)

[edit] Iraqi Freedom

Basra was the first stop for the United States and United Kingdom during the attacks on Iraq in March 19, 2003. The local population, long suppressed by Saddam Hussein after the 1991 Shiite Uprising, are generally not hostile towards American and British forces.

[edit] After Baath regime

A proposal to join Basra with the neighbouring governorates of Dhi Qar and Maysan to form a southeastern state in an eventual Iraqi federation is currently in the talking stages.[1]

On October 2006, Parliament approved a law that alows, from April 2008, the possibility of fusion between two or more provinces.

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