Azeris in Russia

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This article is about Azeris in Russia. For Azeris in general, see the respective article.

Aside from a large Azeri community that is native to Russia's Dagestan Republic, the majority of Azeris in Russia are fairly recent immigrants. Azeris started settling in Russia (with the exception of Dagestan) around the late 19th century, but their migration became intensive after World War II. It rapidly increased with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. According to the 2002 All-Russian Population Census, there are 621,840 Azeris residing in Russia (constituting 2.2% of the population), however the actual numbers are a lot higher due to recent migrations of guest workers from Azerbaijan. The estimated total Azeri population of Russia might be reaching as many as 3,000,000 people,<ref>Azerbaijan Acts to Limit the Discrimination Against Azeris in Russia by Nailia Sohbetqizi. Eurasianet.org. 11 November, 2002. Retrieved 15 September, 2006</ref> with more than one million of them living in Moscow. The majority of them have come to Russia since 1991 from rural Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia. Today most provinces of Russia have more or less significant Azeri communities, the biggest ones, according to official numbers, residing in Dagestan, Moscow, Khanty-Mansi, Krasnoyarsk, Rostov-on-the-Don, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, Samara, Stavropol, etc.<ref>2002 All-Russian Population Census. Official website. Retrieved 15 September, 2006</ref>

Image:Azerisdag.JPG
Map of Dagestan. Azeri-populated regions are shown in purple

Contents

[edit] Dagestan

111,656 Azeris lived in the Dagestan Republic as of 2002, which makes them the region's seventh largest ethnic group. Most of them are natives of the city of Derbent (once a part of Persia) making up about ⅓ of its population, and the nearby towns and villages. The rest live in the cities of Makhachkala, Khasavyurt, Buynaksk and Kizlyar.<ref>Islam and the Problems of National Security in the Southern Federal District by K.Khanbabaev. RIA-Dagestan News Agency. 5 September, 2005. Retrieved 15 September, 2006 (in Russian)</ref> Among cultural benefits, available to Dagestani Azeris, there are newspapers and magazines printed in the Azeri language, public schools where Azeri is taught as a first language, and the Azeri State Dramatic Theatre in Derbent. Traditionally Azeris of Dagestan were engaged in carpet weaving, currying, jewellery- and copper utensils making.<ref>The Peoples of Dagestan. Lakia.net. Retrived 15 September, 2006 (in Russian)</ref> Starting from the 1920s, the industrialization era opened new career opportunities for Dagestanis.

For centuries Azeri has been the lingua franca of Southern Dagestan.<ref>- On the Peoples of the Caucasus by N.Trubetskoi. IRS Magazine, #7. Retrieved 15 September, 2006 (in Russian)</ref> It managed to retain that status till nowadays, despite huge competition with Russian in the past 50 years.

[edit] Rest of Russia

For the past decade, Azeris have played significant roles in developing the Russian economy. With many of them being involved in entrepreneurship, they managed to gain control over some major economical areas, such as trade and oil industry. Among Russia's 100 richest people ranked by the Forbes in 2004, 3 ethnic Azeris were ranked 10, 66 and 74.<ref>The 100 Richest Russians by Paul Khlebnikov (ed.). Forbes. 23 July, 2004. Retrieved 15 September, 2006</ref>

Azeris have established numerous cultural communities, the largest one being the All-Russian Azeri Congress, which controls smaller communities throughout Russia. In addition, the Moscow Public Secondary School #157 is set up for students with keen interest in the Azeri language and culture.<ref>- The Moscow Public Secondary School #157 with the Ethnocultural Azeri Element by Aida Quliyeva. Azeri.ru. Retrived 15 September, 2006 (in Russian)</ref>

[edit] Discrimination

Like many other people, who originated in the Caucasus (commonly referred to as Caucasians (кавказцы), despite the fact that the term has a different dominant meaning in English), Azeris often face Caucasophobia, which might result in severe discrimination and violence.

Between January and June of 2006, 2 Azeris were reported killed and 41 were harassed by various nationalist groups;<ref>- Chronicles of an Undeclared War by Alexander Kolesnichenko. Novye Izvestia. 10 July, 2006. Retrived 15 September, 2006 (in Russian)</ref>

[edit] Famous Azeris of Russia

Russian-born Azeris:

Azeris born elsewhere:

[edit] See also

[edit] Notes and references

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[edit] External links

Azeris in Russia

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