Learn more about Asian Games
The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1950.
Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee (NOC) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognised nations are represented, but a few non-sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Taiwan was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei, due to disagreements over the political status of Taiwan.
The last indoor games (2005 Asian Indoor Games, Bangkok, Thailand) was dominated by People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, and Thailand. The last winter games (2003 Winter Asian Games, Aomori, Japan) was dominated by athletes from Japan, South Korea, and the People's Republic of China.
 Far Eastern Championship Games
The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Empire of Japan, Philippine Islands and Republic of China. The first games were held in Manila in 1913. Other East Asian nations participated after its organized. It was discontinued in 1938 when Japan invaded China and consequently annexed the Philippines which led to the expansion of World War II in the Pacific.
 Formation of the Asian Games
After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Games in London, Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi, the capital of India. They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years.
 Reorganization of the Federation
In 1962, the Federation had a disagreement over the inclusion of Republic of China and Israel. Asian Games host Indonesia opposed the participation of Republic of China (due to the existence of People's Republic of China) and Israel. In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the games due to security threats from North Korea, forcing previous host Thailand to administer the games in Bangkok using the funds of South Korea. In 1973, the Federation had another disagreement after U.S. and other countries formally recognized the People's Republic of China and Arab nation's opposition to Israel. In 1977, Pakistan dropped its plan to host the games due to conflicts with Bangladesh and India. Thailand offered to help and the games were held in Bangkok.
Due to events happened, the Asian NOCs decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation. A new association, named Olympic Council of Asia, was created. India was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. OCA formally supervised the games starting from the 1986 Asian Games in South Korea.
In the succeeding games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was readmitted but OCA decided to follow the standards of the IOC for Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei. The OCA also agreed to permanently exclude Israel as its member and requested the country to join into European competitions.
 Western Expansion
 List of Asian Games
1970 Asian Games Bangkok, Thailand1 (VI)
1978 Asian Games Bangkok, Thailand2 (VIII)
1982 Asian Games New Delhi, India (IX)
1998 Asian Games Bangkok, Thailand (XIII)
2014 Asian Games Bidding in process (XVII)
 List of Winter Asian Games
2015 Winter Asian Games - Bidding in process (VIII)
1 Originally hosted by North Korea
 List of Asian Indoor Games
The Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) has established the Asian Indoor Games, a competition that will take place every two years, in which will be composed by sports with TV broadcasting potential and not included in the Asian Games and Winter Asian Games Programs and are not Olympic sports. The sports program will comprise of six to eight exciting sports with strong television appeal, including extreme sports, aerobics, acrobatics, indoor athletics, dance sports, futsal, inline hockey, fin swimming, and 25 metres short course swimming.
- 2005 Asian Indoor Games, Bangkok, Thailand
- 2007 Asian Indoor Games, Macau, China
- 2009 Asian Indoor Games, Hanoi, Vietnam
 List of Asian Beach Games
 Participating countries
 See also
- Asian Games medal count
- Asian Indoor Games
- Southeast Asian Games
- East Asian Games
- West Asian Games
- South American Games
- Olympic Games
- World Games
 External links
- Olympic Council of Asia
- 15th Asian Games - Doha - 2006
- 6th Winter Asian Games - Changchun - 2007
- 2nd Asian Indoor Games - Macau - 2007
| Far Eastern Championship Games|
|Manila 1913 | Shanghai 1915 | Tokyo 1917 | Manila 1919 | Shanghai 1921 | Osaka 1923 | Manila 1925 | Shanghai 1927 | Tokyo 1930 | Manila 1934 | Osaka 1938 (cancelled)|
|New Delhi 1951 | Manila 1954 | Tokyo 1958 | Jakarta 1962 | Bangkok 1966 | Bangkok 1970 | Tehran 1974 | Bangkok 1978 | New Delhi 1982 | Seoul 1986 | Beijing 1990 | Hiroshima 1994 | Bangkok 1998 | Busan 2002 | Doha 2006 | Guangzhou 2010 | 2014|
| Winter Asian Games|
|Sapporo 1986 | Sapporo 1990 | Harbin 1996 | Kangwon 1999 | Aomori 2003 | Changchun 2007 | Almaty 2011 | 2015|
| Asian Indoor Games|
|Bangkok 2005 | Macau 2007 | Hanoi 2009 | 2011|
| Asian Beach Games|
| Other articles|
|Asian Games medal count | East Asian Games | Southeast Asian Games | West Asian Games|
| South Asian Games|
|Kathmandu 1984 | Dhaka 1985 | Kolkata 1987 | Islamabad 1989 | Colombo 1991 | Dhaka 1993 | Chennai 1995 | Kathmandu 1999 | Islamabad 2004 | Colombo 2006|