Asian Games

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The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition which started in 1950.

Competitors are entered by a National Olympic Committee (NOC) to represent their country of citizenship. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used. In general only recognised nations are represented, but a few non-sovereign countries are allowed to take part. The special case of Taiwan was handled by having it compete as Chinese Taipei, due to disagreements over the political status of Taiwan.

The last indoor games (2005 Asian Indoor Games, Bangkok, Thailand) was dominated by People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, and Thailand. The last winter games (2003 Winter Asian Games, Aomori, Japan) was dominated by athletes from Japan, South Korea, and the People's Republic of China.

The 15th Asian Games is being held in Doha, Qatar on December 1 to December 15, 2006.


[edit] History

[edit] Far Eastern Championship Games

The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations: Empire of Japan, Philippine Islands and Republic of China. The first games were held in Manila in 1913. Other East Asian nations participated after its organized. It was discontinued in 1938 when Japan invaded China and consequently annexed the Philippines which led to the expansion of World War II in the Pacific.

[edit] Formation of the Asian Games

After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the new independent Asian countries wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. In August 1948, during the 14th Olympic Games in London, Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation. In February, 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi, the capital of India. They added that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years.

[edit] Reorganization of the Federation

In 1962, the Federation had a disagreement over the inclusion of Republic of China and Israel. Asian Games host Indonesia opposed the participation of Republic of China (due to the existence of People's Republic of China) and Israel. In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the games due to security threats from North Korea, forcing previous host Thailand to administer the games in Bangkok using the funds of South Korea. In 1973, the Federation had another disagreement after U.S. and other countries formally recognized the People's Republic of China and Arab nation's opposition to Israel. In 1977, Pakistan dropped its plan to host the games due to conflicts with Bangladesh and India. Thailand offered to help and the games were held in Bangkok.

Due to events happened, the Asian NOCs decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games Federation. A new association, named Olympic Council of Asia, was created. India was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. OCA formally supervised the games starting from the 1986 Asian Games in South Korea.

In the succeeding games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was readmitted but OCA decided to follow the standards of the IOC for Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei. The OCA also agreed to permanently exclude Israel as its member and requested the country to join into European competitions.

[edit] Western Expansion

In the 1994 Asian Games, despite opposition from other nations, OCA admitted old Soviet republics Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan.

[edit] List of Asian Games

1Originally hosted by Seoul, South Korea

2Originally hosted by Karachi, Pakistan

[edit] Bidders for the 17th Asian Games in 2014

[edit] List of Winter Asian Games

1 Originally hosted by North Korea

[edit] List of Asian Indoor Games

The Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) has established the Asian Indoor Games, a competition that will take place every two years, in which will be composed by sports with TV broadcasting potential and not included in the Asian Games and Winter Asian Games Programs and are not Olympic sports. The sports program will comprise of six to eight exciting sports with strong television appeal, including extreme sports, aerobics, acrobatics, indoor athletics, dance sports, futsal, inline hockey, fin swimming, and 25 metres short course swimming.

  1. 2005 Asian Indoor Games, Bangkok, Thailand
  2. 2007 Asian Indoor Games, Macau, China
  3. 2009 Asian Indoor Games, Hanoi, Vietnam

[edit] List of Asian Beach Games

  1. 2008 Asian Beach Games, Bali, Indonesia

[edit] Participating countries

Code Nation / IOC designation First use ISO-code Notes
AFG Image:Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan 1936 AFG
BAN Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 1984 BGD
BHU Image:Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan 1984 BTN
BRN Image:Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain 1984 BHR
BRU Image:Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei (IOC designation: Brunei Darussalam) 1988 BRN
CAM Image:Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia 1956 CAM
CHN Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (IOC designation: People's Republic of China) 1932 CHN Republic of China as "China" 1932-1956 [including Hong Kong]
current usage began 1984
HKG Image:Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong, China 1960 HKG as "Hong Kong" HKG 1960-1994
IND Image:Flag of India.svg India 1900 IND
INA Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia 1956 IDN IHO 1952
IRI Image:Flag of Iran.svg Iran (IOC designation: Islamic Republic of Iran) 1948 IRN FIFA-code IRN
IRQ Image:Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq 1948 IRQ
JOR Image:Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan 1968 JOR
JPN Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan 1912 JPN
KAZ Image:Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan 1996 KAZ part of RUS 1900-1912
part of URS 1924-1988
KGZ Image:Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan 1996 KGZ part of RUS 1900-1912
part of URS 1924-1988
KOR Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg Republic of Korea (IOC designation: Korea) 1948 KOR
KSA Image:Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 1972 SAU
KUW Image:Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait 1968 KWT
LAO Image:Flag of Laos.svg Laos (IOC designation: Lao People's Democratic Republic) 1980 LAO
LIB Image:Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon 1948 LBN
MAC Image:Flag of Macau.svg MacauPeople's Republic of China - MAC without IOC recognition
MAS Image:Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia 1956 MYS
MDV Image:Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives 1988 MDV
MGL Image:Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia 1964 MNG
MYA Image:Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar 1996 MMR BIR 1948-1992
NEP Image:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal 1964 NPL
OMA Image:Flag of Oman (bordered).svg Oman 1984 OMN
PAK Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 1948 PAK
PHI Image:Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines 1924 PHL
PLE Image:Palestinian flag.svg Palestine (IOC designation: Palestine) 1996 PSE FIFA-code PAL
PRK Image:Flag of North Korea.svg Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1972 PRK
QAT Image:Flag of Qatar (bordered).svg Qatar 1984 QAT
SIN Image:Flag of Singapore (bordered).svg Singapore 1948 SGP
SRI Image:Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 1948 LKA
SYR Image:Flag of Syria.svg Syria (IOC designation: Syrian Arab Republic) 1948 SYR
THA Image:Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand 1952 THA
TJK Image:Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan 1996 TJK part of RUS 1900-1912
part of URS 1924-1988
TKM Image:Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan 1996 TKM part of RUS 1900-1912
part of URS 1924-1988
part of EUN 1992
TLS Image:Flag of East Timor.svg Timor-Leste 2004 TLS IOA 2000
TPE Image:Chinese Taipei Olympic Flag (bordered).svg Chinese Taipei
also known as Republic of China (TAIWAN)
(IOC designation: Chinese Taipei)
1984 TWN as "China" CHN 1932-1956
as "Taiwan" TAI 1960-1964
as "Republic of China" ROC 1968-1972
current usage began 1984
UAE Image:Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates 1984 ARE
UZB Image:Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan 1996 UZB part of RUS 1900-1912
part of URS 1924-1988
VIE Image:Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam (IOC designation: Viet Nam) 1952 VNM
YEM Image:Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen 1992 YEM

[edit] Sports

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Far Eastern Championship Games
Manila 1913 | Shanghai 1915 | Tokyo 1917 | Manila 1919 | Shanghai 1921 | Osaka 1923 | Manila 1925 | Shanghai 1927 | Tokyo 1930 | Manila 1934 | Osaka 1938 (cancelled)
Asian Games
New Delhi 1951 | Manila 1954 | Tokyo 1958 | Jakarta 1962 | Bangkok 1966 | Bangkok 1970 | Tehran 1974 | Bangkok 1978 | New Delhi 1982 | Seoul 1986 | Beijing 1990 | Hiroshima 1994 | Bangkok 1998 | Busan 2002 | Doha 2006 | Guangzhou 2010 | 2014
Winter Asian Games
Sapporo 1986 | Sapporo 1990 | Harbin 1996 | Kangwon 1999 | Aomori 2003 | Changchun 2007 | Almaty 2011 | 2015
Asian Indoor Games
Bangkok 2005 | Macau 2007 | Hanoi 2009 | 2011
Asian Beach Games
Bali 2008
Other articles
Asian Games medal count | East Asian Games | Southeast Asian Games | West Asian Games

South Asian Games
Kathmandu 1984 | Dhaka 1985 | Kolkata 1987 | Islamabad 1989 | Colombo 1991 | Dhaka 1993 | Chennai 1995 | Kathmandu 1999 | Islamabad 2004 | Colombo 2006
ca:Jocs Asiàtics

cs:Asijské hry de:Asienspiele es:Juegos Asiáticos fr:Jeux Panasiatiques ko:아시안 게임 id:Asian Games ml:ഏഷ്യന്‍ ഗെയിംസ് ja:アジア競技大会 simple:Asian Games sv:Asiatiska spelen th:เอเชียนเกมส์ zh:亚洲运动会

Asian Games

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