Arlington, Texas

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Arlington, Texas
Image:Arlington texas seal.jpg
Seal
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°42′18″N, 97°07′22″W
County Tarrant County
Mayor Dr. Robert Cluck
Area  
 - City 256.5 km²
 - Land 248.2 km²
 - Water 8.3 km²
Population  
 - City (2004) 359,467 (city proper)
 - Density 1341.7 persons/km²
 - Metro 5,700,256
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website: www.ci.arlington.tx.us

Arlington is a city in Tarrant County, Texas (USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city population was 332,969 (though a July 1, 2004 estimate placed the city's population at 359,467). Arlington is the seventh-largest city in the state and the fiftieth largest city in the United States.

Located approximately 12 miles east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles west of downtown Dallas, Arlington is home to the Texas Rangers' Ameriquest Field in Arlington and the theme parks Six Flags Over Texas and Hurricane Harbor. The Dallas Cowboys' new stadium will also be located in Arlington. The city borders Kennedale, Grand Prairie, Mansfield and Fort Worth, and completely surrounds the smaller communities of Dalworthington Gardens and Pantego.

Contents

[edit] History

White settlement in the Arlington area dates back at least to the 1840s. After the May 24, 1841 battle between General Edward H. Tarrant (Tarrant County is named for him) and Native Americans of the Village Creek settlement, a trading post was established at Marrow Bone Spring in present-day Arlington. The rich soil of the area attracted farmers, and several agriculture-related businesses were well established by the late nineteenth century.

The city was founded in 1875 and is named after General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House (in present-day Arlington County, Virginia). After the arrival of the railroad in 1876, Arlington grew as a cotton-ginning and farming center, and incorporated in 1884. The city could boast of water, electricity, natural gas, and telephone services by 1910, along with a public school system. By 1925 the population was estimated at 3,031, and it grew to over four thousand before World War II.

Large-scale industrialization began in 1954 with the arrival of a General Motors assembly plant. Automotive and aerospace development gave the city one of the nation's greatest population growth rates between 1950 and 1990. Arlington became one of the "boomburbs," the extremely fast-growing suburbs of the post-World War II era. U.S. Census Bureau population figures for the city tell the story: 7,692 (1950), 90,229 (1970), 261,721 (1990), and 359,467 (2004 estimate). Tom Vandergriff served as mayor from 1951 to 1977 during this period of explosive development. Six Flags Over Texas opened in Arlington in 1961, and in 1972 the Washington Senators baseball team relocated to Arlington and began play as the Texas Rangers.

[edit] Geography

Arlington is located at 32°42′18″N, 97°7′22″W (32.705033, -97.122839)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 256.5 km² (99.0 mi²). 248.2 km² (95.8 mi²) of it is land and 8.3 km² (3.2 mi²) of it (3.24%) is water.

Johnson Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, flows through Arlington.

[edit] Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 332,969 people, 124,686 households, and 85,035 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,341.7/km² (3,475.0/mi²). There were 130,628 housing units at an average density of 526.4/km² (1,363.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.69% White, 13.73% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 6.01% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 8.94% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. 18.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 124,686 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,622, and the median income for a family was $56,080. Males had a median income of $38,612 versus $29,339 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,445. About 7.3% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Average rents in Arlington in 2005 were $537 for a one bedroom apartment, and $701 for a two bedroom apartment.

[edit] Education

[edit] Colleges and universities

Arlington is home to the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), the Southeast Campus of Tarrant County College, and Arlington Baptist College.

The University of Texas at Arlington is the third largest component of the University of Texas System. The university has a current enrollment of 25,352 students as of Fall 2005, and is perceived as a valuable asset to the city of Arlington and its economy. Buildings on the UTA campus are among some of the oldest standing structures in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, including the original Arlington High School, Arlington Military Institute which were annexed by the campus, and the Delta Upsilon Fraternity house which was the second house built in Arlington and is the oldest existing building in Arlington. The house is the old Thorton mansion.

[edit] Primary and secondary schools

Arlington's residents live in the following three independent school districts (or ISDs), listed in descending order with respect to number of population served: Arlington ISD, Mansfield ISD, and Kennedale ISD. Parts of Arlington are also located in the Hurst-Euless-Bedford ISD's jurisdiction, but currently there are no residents in this location.

In Texas, school district boundaries do not always follow city and county boundaries because all aspects of school district government apparatus, including district boundaries, are separated from city and county governments. Not all city of Arlington residents are in the AISD, and not all AISD students are residents of Arlington.

[edit] Sports

Arlington is the home of the Texas Rangers baseball team, and is the future home of the Dallas Cowboys. As in the rest of Texas, Friday night high school football is a widespread obsession with fans of all ages. Lamar High School has been the most historically successful of the city's high schools over the past three decades. But in recent years Martin High School, Arlington High School and Mansfield Summit High School (a Mansfield ISD school located within Arlington) have enjoyed much success. Plus, it appears the football programs at Bowie High School and Juan Seguin High School are on the rise. Arlington High owns the city's only state football title from 1951 under Coach Mayfield Workman.

The University of Texas at Arlington used to field a football team, but the program was cancelled in the 1980s due to funding issues and waning attendance. The football vacancy at the campus stadium, Maverick Stadium, was quickly filled by Arlington High and subsequently Bowie High School. Cravens Field, on the campus of Lamar, and Wilemon Field, on the campus of Sam Houston, are home to the other four teams in the city. Both have enjoyed a history of close and dramatic games.

Arlington is the home of several big-time athletes, including bodybuilder Ronnie Coleman, eight-time champion of the Mr. Olympia competition. Toronto Blue Jays outfielder Vernon Wells grew up in Arlington and attended Bowie High School.

[edit] Transportation

Image:RonaldReganMemorialHwy ArlingtonTX.jpg
On February 16, 2006, I-20 in Arlington was dedicated as Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway (signs are visible at mile markers 447 and 452).

Arlington is the largest city in the United States that is not served by a public transportation system.[1]

The city is served by two Interstate Highways, I-20 and I-30. Texas State Highway 360 is also a limited-acess freeway, running on the eastern border.

[edit] Twinning

Arlington is twinned with:

[edit] External links


Image:Flag of Texas.svg
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Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex
Counties Collin | Dallas | Denton | Ellis | Henderson | Hood | Hunt | Johnson | Kaufman | Parker | Rockwall | Tarrant | Wise
Above 500,000 Dallas | Fort Worth
200,000 - 500,000 Arlington | Garland | Plano
100,000 - 200,000 Carrollton | Denton | Grand Prairie | Irving | McKinney | Mesquite
50,000 - 100,000 Allen | Flower Mound | Frisco | Lewisville| North Richland Hills | Richardson
10,000 - 50,000 Addison | Athens | Azle | Balch Springs | Bedford | Benbrook | Burleson | Cedar Hill | Cleburne | Colleyville | Coppell | Decatur | DeSoto | Duncanville | Ennis | Euless | Farmers Branch | Forest Hill | Grapevine | Greenville | Haltom City | Highland Village | Hurst | Keller | Lancaster | Mansfield | Rockwall | Rowlett | Sachse | Saginaw | Seagoville | Southlake | Terrell | The Colony | University Park | Watauga | Waxahachie | Weatherford | White Settlement | Wylie
Under 10,000 Blue Mound | Cockrell Hill | Combine | Crowley | Dalworthington Gardens | Edgecliff Village | Everman | Glenn Heights | Granbury | Highland Park | Hutchins | Kaufman | Kennedale | Lake Worth | Lakeside | Newark | Ovilla | Pantego | Pelican Bay | Richland Hills | River Oaks | Sansom Park | Sunnyvale | Westover Hills | Westworth Village | Willow Park | Wilmer
† - County Seat. A full list of cities under 10,000 is available here.


Image:Flag of Texas.svg
State of Texas
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Capital Austin
Regions Arklatex | Big Bend | Brazos Valley | Central Texas | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex | Deep East Texas | East Texas | Edwards Plateau | Galveston Bay | Golden Triangle | Greater Houston | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Permian Basin | Piney Woods | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | Southeast Texas | South Texas | West Texas</font>
Metropolitan areas Abilene | Amarillo | AustinRound Rock | BeaumontPort Arthur | BrownsvilleHarlingen | BryanCollege Station | Corpus Christi | DallasFort WorthArlington | El Paso | HoustonSugar LandBaytown | KilleenTemple | Laredo | LongviewMarshall | Lubbock | McAllenEdinburgMission | MidlandOdessa | San Angelo | San Antonio | ShermanDenison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of Texas counties
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