Arab-Israeli conflict

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Arab-Israeli conflict
Image:Arab-Israeli Map1.GIF
Israel and members of the Arab League (Comoros is not shown)

<tr style="font-size:80%; background-color:#f0f0f0;"> <td>██ Arab Nations</td> <td>██ Israel</td> </tr><tr style="font-size:80%; background-color:#f0f0f0;"> <td>██ Have been in war with Israel</td> <td>██ Gaza Strip and West Bank</td> </tr>

Date Late 19th century-present
Location Greater Middle East
Result Ongoing
Combatants

Image:Flag of the League of Arab States.svg Arab nations
Image:Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Arab-Israeli conflict series
Participants


Arab-Israeli conflict
1920 riots · Jaffa riots · 1929 Palestine riots · 1936-1939 Arab revolt · 1948 Arab-Israeli War · Suez Crisis · Six-Day War · War of Attrition · Yom Kippur War · 1978 South Lebanon conflict · 1982 Lebanon War · 1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict · First Intifada · Gulf War · al-Aqsa Intifada · 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict

The Arab-Israeli conflict (Arabic: الصراع العربي الإسرائيلي‎, Hebrew: הסכסוך הישראלי ערבי) spans about a century of political tensions and open hostilities. It involves the establishment of the modern State of Israel as a Jewish nation state, as well as the relationship between the Arab nations and the state of Israel (see related Israeli-Palestinian conflict).

Contents

[edit] Scope of the conflict

Some uses of the term Middle East conflict refer to this matter; however, the region has been host to other conflicts not involving Israel (see List of conflicts in the Middle East). Since 1979, the conflict involves the Islamic Republic of Iran (a non-Arab state, not highlighted on the map) as well.

Despite involving a relatively small land area and number of casualties, the conflict has been the focus of worldwide media and diplomatic attention for decades. Many countries, individuals and non-governmental organizations elsewhere in the world feel involved in this conflict for reasons such as cultural and religious ties with Islam, Arab culture, Christianity, Judaism, Jewish culture or for ideological, human rights, or strategic reasons. Because Israel is a democracy with a free press, the media has access to the conflict which also increases media coverage. While some consider the Arab-Israeli conflict a part of (or a precursor to) a wider clash of civilizations between the Western World and the Arab or Muslim world<ref>Causes of Anti-Americanism in the Arab World: A Socio-Political Perspective by Abdel Mahdi Abdallah (MERIA Journal. Volume 7, No. 4 - December 2003</ref><ref>Arab-Israeli Conflict: Role of religion (Israel Science and Technology)</ref>, others oppose this view and claim that the religion dimension is a new matter in this conflict.<ref>Arab-American Psychiatrist Wafa Sultan: There is No Clash of Civilizations but a Clash between the Mentality of the Middle Ages and That of the 21st Century</ref> Animosity emanating from this conflict has caused numerous attacks on supporters (or perceived supporters) of one side by supporters of the other side in many countries around the world.

See also: History of the Middle East

[edit] History of the conflict

The conflict began to form around the beginning of the 20th century. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1917, at the end of World War I, the region known as Palestine was controlled by British colonial forces. Jewish immigration increased during this period. The influx of Jews alarmed Arab inhabitants in the region, and Muslim religious leaders helped to foment hatred for the Jewish inhabitants which led to periodic violence.<ref>"As long as the terrorist activity was directed only at Jewish targets, the Mufti saw nothing wrong with this. On the contrary, it fell in line with his own anti-Jewish policy; he secretly encouraged it and apparently extended financial aid to al-Qassam and his organization." (Lachman, Shai (1982). Arab Rebellion and Terrorism in Palestine 1929-39: The Case of Sheikh Izz al-Din al-Qassam and His Movement. in "Zionism and Arabism in Palestine and Israel", edited by Elie Kedourie and Sylvia G. Haim, Frank Cass. London, p.76.)</ref> At the end of World War II the conflict became a major international issue. Great Britain, the United Nations along with the United States, and the USSR determined to initiate a two-state solution. The UN mandated partition was put into effect in 1948, but was rejected by the Arab states and was the beginning of the first major Arab-Israeli War. Israel was able to achieve a decisive victory. Today many parts play major roles in the conflict among those are the Quartet on the Middle East. The conflict included a great number of major wars including the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, 1956 Suez War, 1967 Six Day War, 1970 War of Attrition, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1982 Lebanon War, as well as a number of lesser conflicts. In the course of these conflicts, many Arabs were displaced from what is now Israel, and many Jews were displaced from what is now Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen.

Further information: Palestinian refugees
Further information: Jewish exodus from Arab lands

The conflict has also been the source of two major Palestinian intifadas (uprisings). Al-Qaeda, a Muslim (and largely Arab) terrorist organization, has cited the conflict among its justifications for attacks on targets in the West.

[edit] References

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[edit] See also

[edit] Further reading

  • Gelvin, James L. (2005). The Israel-Palestine Conflict: 100 Years of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-61804-5.
  • Cramer, Richard Ben (2004). How Israel Lost: The Four Questions. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-5028-1.
  • Gold, Dore (2004). Tower of Babble: How the United Nations Has Fueled Global Chaos. New York: Crown Forum. ISBN 1-4000-5475-3.
  • Template:Cite journal
  • Khouri, Fred J. (1985). The Arab-Israeli dilemma, 3rd ed., Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-2339-9.
  • Lewis, Bernard (1984). The Jews of Islam. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05419-3.
  • Morris, Benny (1999). Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-679-42120-3.
  • Segev, Tom (1999.) One Palestine Complete: Jews and Arabs Under British Mandate. Published by Henry Holt and Company, LLC, 115 West 18th Street New York, New York 10011. ISBN 0-8050-6587-3
  • Bard, Mitchell, Ph.D. (1999) Middle East Conflict. Published by Alpha Books, 201 West 103rd Street, Indianapolis, IN 46290. ISBN 0-02-863261-3
  • Katz, Shmuel (1973) Battleground: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine Shapolsky Pub; ISBN 0-933503-03-2
  • The Associated Press (1967). Lightning Out of Israel The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Printed in the U.S.A. by Western Printing and Lithographing Company
  • Dershowitz, Alan. The Case for Israel (John Wiley & Sons, 2004), ISBN 0-471-67952-6
  • Lewis, Bernard (September, 1990). Atlantic Monthly: The Roots of Muslim Rage
  • Citron, Sabina (2006). The Indictment: The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Historical Perspective. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-373-3
  • Israeli, Raphael (2002). Dangers of a Palestinian State. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-303-2
  • Casper, Lionel L. (2003). Rape of Palestine and the Struggle for Jerusalem. Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 965-229-297-4

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[edit] Regional media

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[edit] Think tanks and strategic analysis

[edit] Peace proposals

See main article: List of Middle East peace proposals

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