Alcide De Gasperi

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Alcide De Gasperi
Image:Al gaspieri.jpg

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In office
December 10, 1945 – August 2, 1953
Preceded by Ferruccio Parri
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella

Born 3 April 1881
Tirol, Austria-Hungary
Died 19 August 1954
Trentino, Italy
Political party Christian Democracy

Alcide De Gasperi (3 April 188119 August 1954) was an Italian statesman and politician. He is considered to be one of the Founding Fathers of the European communities, along with the Frenchman Robert Schuman and the German Konrad Adenauer.

[edit] Biography

De Gasperi was born in Pieve Tesino in the Tirol, Austria-Hungary, now part of the Province of Trento in Italy.

He studied philosophy and literature in Vienna, and afterwards he became a journalist. In 1911 he became a Member of Parliament in the Austrian Reichsrat. His home region was transferred to Italy after the First World War.In 1919 he was one the founders, with Don Luigi Sturzo, of the Italian Popular Party, or Partito Popolare; starting in 1921 he was an MP for the party. He later became party leader and Secretary-General.

De Gasperi served a 16-month jail sentence as an anti-fascist. After his release in 1931 he worked in the library of the Vatican; there, in 1943 during the Second World War, he organized the establishment of the first (and at the time, illegal) Christian Democracy party, or Democrazia Cristiana, drawing upon the ideology of the Popular Party. From 1945 to 1953 he was the prime minister of eight successive Christian Democratic governments. His eight-years of rule remain a landmark of political longevity for one leader in modern Italian politics.

In 1946 when Italy become a Republic He was Elected Capo Provvisorio dello Stato (President of Republic) Pro-Tempore and Regnante Reggente. He is the only man who was become President of the Council, Republic and Regent.

In 1952 he received the Karlspreis (engl.: International Charlemagne Prize of the City of Aachen), an Award by the German city of Aachen to people who contributed to the European idea and European peace. That same year he vetoed a coalition with former fascists and monarchists for the city of Rome elections advocated by some ecclesiastical circles (the so-called operazione Sturzo); Democrazia Cristiana won, but the governmental block lost some 11%. Subsequently, Pope Pius XII denied him audience, which he accepted as a Catholic but protested as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.

De Gasperi died in Sella di Valsugana, in Trentino. He is buried in the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, a basilica in Rome.

Image:Monumento Alcide Degasperi Trento.JPG
De Gasperi's memorial monument.

[edit] See also

Preceded by:
Ivanoe Bonomi
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1944–1946
Succeeded by:
Pietro Nenni
Preceded by:
Ferruccio Parri
Prime Minister of Italy
1945–1953
Succeeded by:
Giuseppe Pella
Preceded by:
Giuseppe Romita
Italian Minister of the Interior
1946–1947
Succeeded by:
Mario Scelba
Preceded by:
Carlo Sforza
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1951–1953
Succeeded by:
Giuseppe Pella
Preceded by:
Paul Henri Spaak
President of the European Parliament
1954
Succeeded by:
Giuseppe Pella
Preceded by:
none
Secretary of the Italian Christian Democracy
1944-1946
Succeeded by:
Attilio Piccioni
Preceded by:
Guido Gonella
Secretary of the Italian Christian Democracy
1953-1954
Succeeded by:
Arnaldo Forlani


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Alcide De Gasperi

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