5th century BC

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Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC
Decades: 490s BC 480s 470s 460s 450s 440s 430s 420s 410s 400s BC


(2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium)


The 5th century BC started on January 1, 500 BC and ended on December 31, 401 BC.

Contents

[edit] Overview

Image:Ac.parthenon5.jpg
The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. Location 23°43'35.69"E 37°58'17.39"N

The 5th and 4th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations, particularly the Greeks. Ancient Greek philosophy develops during the 5th century BC, setting the foundation for Western ideology. In Athens and elsewhere in the Mediterranean world, the 5th century marks a high point in the development of political institutions, art, architecture, and literature.

[edit] Events

[edit] 490s BC

[edit] 480s BC

[edit] 470s BC

[edit] 460s BC

[edit] 450s BC

[edit] 440s BC

[edit] 430s BC

[edit] 420s BC

[edit] Significant persons

Image:StandingBuddha.JPG
Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet.

[edit] Inventions, discoveries, introductions

  • Cast iron is first used in Wu.
  • The Greeks invent the Anchor with flukes.
  • The Greeks start to use shear-leg cranes for construction and loading of ships.
  • The Greeks invent linear perspective.
  • The Greeks develop an indirect lost wax process for casting bronze.

[edit] Decades and years

500s BC 509 BC 508 BC 507 BC 506 BC 505 BC 504 BC 503 BC 502 BC 501 BC 500 BC
490s BC 499 BC 498 BC 497 BC 496 BC 495 BC 494 BC 493 BC 492 BC 491 BC 490 BC
480s BC 489 BC 488 BC 487 BC 486 BC 485 BC 484 BC 483 BC 482 BC 481 BC 480 BC
470s BC 479 BC 478 BC 477 BC 476 BC 475 BC 474 BC 473 BC 472 BC 471 BC 470 BC
460s BC 469 BC 468 BC 467 BC 466 BC 465 BC 464 BC 463 BC 462 BC 461 BC 460 BC
450s BC 459 BC 458 BC 457 BC 456 BC 455 BC 454 BC 453 BC 452 BC 451 BC 450 BC
440s BC 449 BC 448 BC 447 BC 446 BC 445 BC 444 BC 443 BC 442 BC 441 BC 440 BC
430s BC 439 BC 438 BC 437 BC 436 BC 435 BC 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC
420s BC 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC 423 BC 422 BC 421 BC 420 BC
410s BC 419 BC 418 BC 417 BC 416 BC 415 BC 414 BC 413 BC 412 BC 411 BC 410 BC
400s BC 409 BC 408 BC 407 BC 406 BC 405 BC 404 BC 403 BC 402 BC 401 BC 400 BC
390s BC 399 BC 398 BC 397 BC 396 BC 395 BC 394 BC 393 BC 392 BC 391 BC 390 BC
Millennium Century
4th BC: 40th BC 39th BC 38th BC 37th BC 36th BC 35th BC 34th BC 33rd BC 32nd BC 31st BC
3rd BC: 30th BC 29th BC 28th BC 27th BC 26th BC 25th BC 24th BC 23rd BC 22nd BC 21st BC
2nd BC: 20th BC 19th BC 18th BC 17th BC 16th BC 15th BC 14th BC 13th BC 12th BC 11th BC
1st BC: 10th BC 9th BC 8th BC 7th BC 6th BC 5th BC 4th BC 3rd BC 2nd BC 1st BC
1st:   1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th 10th
2nd: 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
3rd: 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th
4th: 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th
af:5de eeu v.C.

bg:5 век пр.н.е. ca:Segle V aC cs:5. století př. n. l. da:5. århundrede f.Kr. de:5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. el:5ος αιώνας π.Χ. es:Siglo V adC eo:5-a jarcento a.K. eu:K. a. V. mendea fr:Ve siècle av. J.-C. ko:기원전 5세기 hr:5. stoljeće p.n.e. io:5ma yar-cento aK it:V secolo a.C. he:המאה ה-5 לפנה"ס ka:ძვ. წ. V საუკუნე lb:5. Joerhonnert v. Chr. hu:I. e. 5. század nl:5e eeuw v. Chr. ja:紀元前5世紀 no:5. århundre f.Kr. nn:400-talet fvt. pl:V wiek p.n.e. pt:Século V a.C. ru:V век до н. э. scn:Sèculu V a.C. sk:5. storočie pred Kr. sl:5. stoletje pr. n. št. sr:5. век пне. fi:400-luku eaa. sv:400-talet f.Kr. tl:Ika-5 siglo BC tt:MA 5. yöz uk:5 століття до Р.Х. zh:前5世纪

5th century BC

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