# 2nd century BC

### Learn more about 2nd century BC

Centuries:
| 3rd century BC - - 1st century BC
2nd century BC |

Decades:
| 190s BC 180s 170s 160s 150s 140s 130s 120s 110s 100s BC |

(2nd millennium BC - **1st millennium BC** - 1st millennium)

The 2nd century BC started on January 1, 200 BC and ended on December 31, 101 BC.

## Contents |

## [edit] Events

- 190 BC, March 14: Solar eclipse recorded in Rome [Livy: Ab Urbe Condita 37.4.4]
- 175 BC - Antiochus IV Epiphanes, took possession of the Syrian throne, at the murder of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator, which rightly belonged to his nephew Demetrius I Soter.
- 168 BC - Battle of Pydna - The Macedonian phalanx defeated by Romans
- 168 BC, June 21: Lunar eclipse recorded in Rome [Livy: Ab Urbe Condita 44.37.8]
- 164 BC, November 21: Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
- 147 BC - Hasmonean victories restore autonomy to Judea.
- 148 BC - Rome conquers Macedonia
- Rome destroys Carthage in the Third Punic War
- Rome conquers Corinth

- 129 BC - collapse of the Seleucid Empire
- 108 BC, Han Dynasty finally destroyed Wang-geom seong, the capital of Gojoseon. And Han Dynasty founded Sagunhyeon to govern Gojoseon
- 113–101 BC - migration of the Cimbri and the Teutons, defeated at the battles of Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae
- Theravada Buddhism is officially introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahinda

## [edit] Significant persons

- Andriscus, last independent ruler of Macedon.
- Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the last effective ruler of the Seleucid Empire.
- Antiochus VII Sidetes, last King of a United Seleucid Empire.
- Apollonius of Perga, Greek geometer
- Apollonius of Rhodes, author of Jason and the Argonauts
- Boiorix, King of the Cimbri.
- Flaccus, musical collaborator of Terence.
- Hipparchus, considered the greatest astronomical observer.
- Jonathan Maccabaeus, leader of the Hasmonean rebellion and first autonomous ruler of Judea.
- Judas Maccabeus, leader of the Hasmonean rebellion and its first successful general.
- Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus, Roman general and politician.
- Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Roman general and politician.
- Lucius Mummius Achaicus, conqueror of Corinth.
- Marius, Roman general and politician.
- Perseus of Macedon, last King of the Antigonid dynasty.
- Plautus, Latin playwright.
- Quintus Lutatius Catulus, Roman general.
- Scipio Aemilianus Africanus, conqueror of Carthage.
- Terence, Latin playwright.
- Teutobod, King of the Teutons.
- Emperor Wu of Han, considered one of the greatest emperors throughout the History of China.
- Zhang Qian, Chinese diplomat and explorer.

## [edit] Inventions, discoveries, introductions

- Silk Road between Europe and Asia
- Hipparchus discovers precession of Earth's equinoxes and compiles first trigonometric tables
- Liu An invented tofu
- The Roman concrete (puzzolana) first used
- Rotary mill invented by the ancient Greeks
- A system for sending signs to communicate quickly over a long distance is described by Polybios

## [edit] Decades and years

Millennium | Century | |||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

4th BC:
| 40th BC | 39th BC | 38th BC | 37th BC | 36th BC | 35th BC | 34th BC | 33rd BC | 32nd BC | 31st BC |

3rd BC:
| 30th BC | 29th BC | 28th BC | 27th BC | 26th BC | 25th BC | 24th BC | 23rd BC | 22nd BC | 21st BC |

2nd BC:
| 20th BC | 19th BC | 18th BC | 17th BC | 16th BC | 15th BC | 14th BC | 13th BC | 12th BC | 11th BC |

1st BC:
| 10th BC | 9th BC | 8th BC | 7th BC | 6th BC | 5th BC | 4th BC | 3rd BC | 2nd BC
| 1st BC |

1st:
| 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th | 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th |

2nd:
| 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th |

3rd:
| 21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th | 26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th |

4th:
| 31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th | 36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th |

als:2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. bg:2 век пр.н.е. ca:Segle II aC cs:2. století př. n. l. da:2. århundrede f.Kr. de:2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. el:2ος αιώνας π.Χ. es:Siglo II adC eo:2-a jarcento a.K. eu:K. a. II. mendea fr:IIe siècle av. J.-C. ko:기원전 2세기 hr:2. stoljeće p.n.e. io:2ma yar-cento aK is:2. öldin f.Kr. it:II secolo a.C. he:המאה ה-2 לפנה"ס lb:2. Joerhonnert v. Chr. lt:II amžius pr. m. e. hu:I. e. 2. század nl:2e eeuw v. Chr. ja:紀元前2世紀 no:2. århundre f.Kr. nn:100-talet fvt. nrm:-IIe s. pl:II wiek p.n.e. pt:Século II a.C. ro:Secolul al II-lea î.Hr. ru:II век до н. э. scn:Sèculu II a.C. sk:2. storočie pred Kr. sl:2. stoletje pr. n. št. sr:2. век пне. fi:100-luku eaa. sv:100-talet f.Kr. tl:Ika-2 siglo BC tt:MA 2. yöz uk:2 століття до Р.Х. zh:前2世纪