Learn more about October 22
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October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining.
- 4004 BCE - The day the universe was created according to British Archbishop James Ussher after using the Bible's chronology to calculate the date.
- 66 - Emperor Nero creates Legio I Italica.
- 362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire.
- 1236 - Lithuanians and Samogitians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword at the Battle of Schaulen/Saule.
- 1383 - The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder began when King Fernando died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne.
- 1575 - Foundation of Aguascalientes.
- 1692 - Last hanging for witchcraft in the United States.
- 1746 - The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.
- 1784 - Russia founds a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.
- 1792 - French Revolution: the first Republic is proclaimed.
- 1797 - One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.
- 1836 - Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
- 1844 - The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment.
- 1866 - Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
- 1867 - Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
- 1869 - Debut of Richard Wagner's Das Rheingold in Munich.
- 1875 - First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
- 1877 - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
- 1878 - The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
- 1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust (opera).
- 1895 - In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
- 1907 - Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
- 1910 - Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
- 1924 - Toastmasters International is founded.
- 1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
- 1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.
- 1935 - Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
- 1943 - Kassel: RAF conducts an air raid on the city of 236,000 people, killing 10,000, rendering 150,000 homeless. Second firestorm raid in Germany
- 1943 - Salvo D'Acquisto is shot by Wehrmacht soldiers.
- 1946 - Forty four British sailors die when two British warships hit mines off the coast of Albania.
- 1949 - Soviet Union detonates its first nuclear bomb.
- 1953 - Laos gains independence from France.
- 1956 - A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
- 1957 - Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
- 1960 - Independence of Mali from France.
- 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy announces that American spy planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the island nation.
- 1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but turns down the honor.
- 1964 - Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official Flag of Canada.
- 1965 - End of Kashmir War between India and Pakistan.
- 1966 - The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A' Go-Go).
- 1968 - Apollo program: Apollo 7 safely splashes down in the Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times.
- 1969 - Led Zeppelin release the classic album Led Zeppelin II, featuring the hit single "Whole Lotta Love."
- 1970 - Tunku Abdul Rahman resign from Prime Minister of Malaysia.
- 1972 - Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris. Thieu rejects the proposal and accused the United States of conspiring to undermine his regime
- 1975 - Failed attempt to US President Gerald Ford.
- 1976 - Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
- 1981 - The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August.
- 1981 - The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
- 1981 - The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.
- 1983 - Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons.
- 1986 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Tax Reform Act of 1986 into law.
- 1987 - John Coolidge Adams's opera Nixon in China debuts at the Houston Grand Opera in Houston, Texas.
- 1987 - The pinnacle rock Gendarme falls at Seneca Rocks.
- 1989 - Jacob Wetterling is abducted in St. Joseph, Minnesota.
- 1990 - Seminal grunge band Pearl Jam, then named Mookie Blaylock, play their first show as a band at the Off Ramp club in Seattle, WA.
- 1991 - Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270 th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.
- 1999 - Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
- 2002 - Internet users declare this day as the official Caps Lock Day.
- 2005 - Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
- 2005 - Crash of Bellview Airlines Flight 210 in Nigeria kills all 117 on board.
- 2005 - The first phase of Transantiago, the new public transport system of Santiago de Chile is implemented.
- 2006 - A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.
- 2006 - Michael Schumacher drives his last Formula 1 Race.
- 1071 - William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
- 1197 - Emperor Juntoku of Japan (d. 1242)
- 1511 - Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1553)
- 1592 - Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (d. 1657)
- 1688 - Nadir Shah of Persia (d. 1747)
- 1689 - King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
- 1729 - Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (d. 1798)
- 1770 - Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)
- 1809 - Volney E. Howard, American politician (d. 1889)
- 1811 - Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886)
- 1818 - Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle, French poet (d. 1894)
- 1844 - Louis Riel, Canadian Metis Political Leader (d. 1885)
- 1858 - German Empress Augusta Victoria, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm II (d. 1921)
- 1865 - Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
- 1870 - Alfred Douglas, English partner of Oscar Wilde (d. 1945)
- 1870 - Ivan Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
- 1881 - Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
- 1887 - John Reed, American journalist (d. 1920)
- 1891 - Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor
- 1900 - James Hall, American actor
- 1903 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
- 1903 - Curly Howard, American actor and comedian, member of the Three Stooges (d. 1952)
- 1904 - Constance Bennett, American actress (d. 1965)
- 1905 - Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1969)
- 1907 - Jimmie Foxx, baseball player (d. 1967)
- 1908 - John Gould, American humorist, essayist, and columnist (d. 2003)
- 1912 - Frances Drake, American actress (d. 2000)
- 1913 - Robert Capa, American war photographer (born in Hungary)(d. 1954)
- 1913 - Bao Dai, Emperor of Vietnam (d. 1997)
- 1913 - Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)
- 1917 - Joan Fontaine, British actress
- 1918 - Lou Klein, baseball player (d. 1976)
- 1919 - Doris Lessing, British writer
- 1920 - Timothy Leary, American writer and professor (d. 1996)
- 1921 - Georges Brassens, French singer (d. 1981)
- 1921 - Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
- 1925 - Robert Rauschenberg, American painter, sculptor, and graphic artist
- 1925 - Dory Previn, American songwriter
- 1927 - Allan Hendrickse, South African politician (d. 2005)
- 1929 - Lev Yashin, Russian footballer (d. 1990)
- 1935 - Ann Rule, American true-crime writer
- 1936 - Bobby Seale, American civil rights activist
- 1938 - Derek Jacobi, English actor
- 1938 - Christopher Lloyd, American actor
- 1939 - George Cohen, English footballer
- 1939 - Tony Roberts, American actor
- 1942 - Annette Funicello, American actress
- 1942 - Bobby Fuller, American rock singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
- 1943 - Jan de Bont, Dutch film director
- 1943 - Catherine Deneuve, French actress
- 1943 - Allen Coage, American professional wrestler
- 1945 - Leslie West, American musician
- 1945 - Sheila Sherwood, British long jumper
- 1946 - Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
- 1946 - Claude Charron, French Canadian politician and TV personality
- 1946 - Eddie Brigati, American singer (The Rascals)
- 1947 - Raymond Bachand, French Canadian politician and businessman
- 1948 - Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford
- 1949 - Stiv Bators, American musician (The Dead Boys) (d. 1990)
- 1949 - Arsène Wenger, English football manager
- 1952 - Jeff Goldblum, American actor
- 1956 - Frank DiPino, baseball player
- 1959 - Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
- 1963 - Brian Boitano, American figure skater
- 1964 - Drazen Petrovic, Croatian basketball player (d. 1993)
- 1964 - Toby Mac, American singer and songwriter
- 1965 - John Wesley Harding, American musician
- 1965 - Otis Smith, American football player
- 1966 - Valeria Golino, Italian actress
- 1967 - Rita Guerra, Portuguese singer
- 1967 - Ron Tugnutt, Canadian hockey player
- 1967 - Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (d. 1994)
- 1968 - Shaggy, Jamaican musician
- 1968 - Stéphane Quintal, National Hockey League player
- 1969 - Héctor Carrasco, baseball player
- 1969 - Spike Jonze, American director and film producer
- 1969 - Helmut Lotti, Belgian singer
- 1972 - D'Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
- 1973 - Ichiro Suzuki, Japanese baseball player
- 1974 - Tim Kinsella, American musician
- 1974 - Miroslav Satan, Slovakian hockey player
- 1975 - Míchel Salgado, Spanish footballer
- 1976 - Jon Foreman, American musician, lead singer of the band "Switchfoot."
- 1978 - Owais Shah, English cricketer
- 1981 - Olivier Pla, French racing driver
- 1982 - Robinson Cano Dominican baseball player
- 1984 - Lee Ho, Korean footballer
- 1985 - Zachary Hanson, American musician (Hanson)
- 1990 - Jonathan Lipnicki, American actor
- 741 - Charles Martel, leader of the Franks (b. 686)
- 1383 - King Fernando I of Portugal (b. 1345)
- 1565 - Jean, Vicomte d'Aguisy Grolier de Servieres, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
- 1613 - Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer
- 1625 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
- 1674 - Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
- 1708 - Hermann Witsius, Dutch theologian (b. 1636)
- 1751 - William IV, Prince of Orange (b. 1711)
- 1755 - Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
- 1792 - Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (b. 1725)
- 1847 - Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
- 1859 - Louis Spohr, German violinist and composer (b. 1784)
- 1891 - Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)
- 1906 - Paul Cezanne, French painter (b. 1839)
- 1917 - Bob Fitzsimmons, English boxer (b. 1863)
- 1918 - Myrtle Gonzalez, American film and stage actress (b. 1891)
- 1928 - Andrew Fisher, fifth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
- 1934 - Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (b. 1904)
- 1935 - Komitas, Armenian composer (b. 1869)
- 1954 - Jibanananda Das, Bengali Poet
- 1973 - Pablo Casals, Catalan cellist and conductor (b. 1876)
- 1978 - John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
- 1979 - Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (b. 1887)
- 1986 - Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
- 1987 - Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (b. 1919)
- 1989 - Ewan MacColl, English folk singer, songwriter, socialist, actor, poet, playwright, and record producer (b. 1915)
- 1992 - Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
- 1995 - Sir Kingsley Amis, English writer (b. 1922)
- 1998 - Eric Ambler, English novelist (b. 1909)
- 2000 - Rodney Anoai (Yokozuna), American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
- 2002 - Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
- 2005 - Arman, French-born artist (b. 1928)
- 2005 - Franky Gee, American singer (Captain Jack) (b. 1962)
- 2006 - Arthur Hill, Canadian actor (b. 1922)
 Holidays and observances
 External links
October 21 - October 23 - September 22 - November 22 – more historical anniversaries
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nap:22 'e ottovre
nov:22 de oktobre
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vec:22 de otobre
wa:22 d' octôbe