Learn more about July 22
(Redirected from 22 July
July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining.
- 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem
- 1298 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk - King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeats William Wallace and his scottish schiltrons outside the town.
- 1456 - Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade - John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire
- 1484 - Battle of Lochmaben Fair - A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas captured.
- 1499 - Battle of Dornach - The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
- 1587 - Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
- 1686 - Albany, New York formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan
- 1793 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.
- 1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
- 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition - Battle of Cape Finisterre - Inconclusive naval action fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
- 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War - Battle of Salamanca - British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
- 1916 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
- 1933 - Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
- 1934 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- 1937 - New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1942 - The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
- 1942 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
- 1943 - Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
- 1944 - The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
- 1946 - King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
- 1962 - Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
- 1977 - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
- 1991 - Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee apartment.
- 1992 - Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
- 1997 - The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
- 1997 - Voters approved a name change for Dade County, Florida to Miami-Dade County.
- 1999 - The first version of MSN Messenger was released by Microsoft.
- 2002 - Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
- 2003 - Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
- 2005 - Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings
- 2005 - The last Buick LeSabre rolls off the assembly line.
- 1210 - Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
- 1478 - King Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
- 1510 - Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
- 1519 - Pope Innocent IX (d. 1591)
- 1535 - Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
- 1559 - Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
- 1621 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician (d. 1683)
- 1711 - Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
- 1713 - Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
- 1733 - Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
- 1755 - Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
- 1784 - Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
- 1844 - William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
- 1849 - Emma Lazarus, American poet (d. 1887)
- 1882 - Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
- 1887 - Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
- 1888 - Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
- 1890 - Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American Kennedy family matriarch (d. 1995)
- 1893 - Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (d. 1990)
- 1893 - James Whale, English film director (d. 1957)
- 1893 - Jesse Haines, baseball player (d. 1978)
- 1898 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
- 1898 - Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976)
- 1905 - Doc Cramer, baseball player (d. 1990)
- 1908 - Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
- 1913 - Licia Albanese, American Opera Singer
- 1913 - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader (d. 1995)
- 1915 - Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
- 1916 - Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
- 1921 - William Roth, U.S. Senator (d. 2003)
- 1923 - Bob Dole, American politican
- 1923 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
- 1924 - Margaret Whiting, singer
- 1928 - Orson Bean, American film actor
- 1932 - Oscar De la Renta, Dominican-born fashion designer
- 1934 - Louise Fletcher, American actress
- 1936 - Tom Robbins, American author
- 1937 - Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (d. 1999)
- 1939 - Terence Stamp, English actor
- 1940 - Alex Trebek, Canadian-born game show host
- 1941 - George Clinton, American musician
- 1941 - Ron Turcotte, Canadian jockey
- 1943 - Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
- 1944 - Estelle Bennett, American singer (Ronettes)
- 1944 - Rick Davies, British musician (Supertramp)
- 1944 - Sparky Lyle, baseball player
- 1946 - Danny Glover, American actor
- 1946 - Mireille Mathieu, French singer
- 1946 - Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian musician (d. 2000)
- 1947 - Albert Brooks, American comedian
- 1947 - Don Henley, American drummer, singer, and songwriter (Eagles)
- 1948 - S.E. Hinton, American author
- 1948 - Otto Waalkes, German comedian
- 1949 - Alan Menken, American composer
- 1949 - Lasse Virén, Finnish athlete
- 1953 - Jimmy Bruno, American jazz guitarist
- 1954 - Lonette McKee, American actress
- 1954 - Al Di Meola, American guitarist
- 1955 - Willem Dafoe, American actor
- 1958 - David Von Erich, Professional wrestler (d. 1984)
- 1960 - Jon Oliva, American musician (Savatage)
- 1961 - Keith Sweat, American singer
- 1962 - Steve Albini, Writer, Recording Engineer
- 1963 - Emily Saliers, American singer (Indigo Girls)
- 1963 - Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
- 1964 - John Leguizamo, Colombian actor
- 1964 - Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
- 1965 - Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
- 1965 - David Spade, American comedian
- 1965 - Patrick Labyorteaux American Actor
- 1966 - Tim Brown, American football player
- 1967 - Lauren Booth, British journalist
- 1968 - Rhys Ifans, Welsh Actor
- 1970 - Jason Becker, American musician
- 1970 - Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player
- 1971 - Kristine Lilly, American soccer player
- 1972 - Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
- 1973 - Mike Sweeney, baseball player
- 1973 - Petey Pablo, American Rapper
- 1973 - Rufus Wainwright, Canadian singer
- 1973 - Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
- 1974 - Daddy Kev, American record producer and engineer
- 1974 - Franka Potente, German actress
- 1977 - Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
- 1978 - Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
- 1978 - A. J. Cook, Canadian actress
- 1980 - Scott Dixon, New Zealand race car driver
- 1980 - Dirk Kuyt, Dutch football striker
- 1980 - Kate Ryan, Belgian singer
- 1983 - Arsenium, Moldovan singer (O-Zone)
- 1984 - Stewart Downing, English footballer
- 1984 - Kinzie Kenner, American pornographic actress
- 1988 - Taylor Toth, American figure skater
- 1992- Selena Gomez, American actress
- 2002- Prince Felix of Denmark, Prince of Denmark
- 1362 - Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
- 1387 - Franz Ackerman, Flemish statesman (b. 1330)
- 1461 - Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
- 1525 - Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
- 1540 - John Zápolya, King of Hungary
- 1619 - Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
- 1645 - Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
- 1676 - Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
- 1713 - Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
- 1734 - Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
- 1789 - Joseph-François Foulon, French administrator (b. 1715)
- 1802 - Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist (b. 1771)
- 1826 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (b. 1746)
- 1832 - Napoleon II of France (b. 1811)
- 1852 - Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
- 1902 - Mieczysław Cardinal Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
- 1904 - Wilson Barrett, English actor (b. 1846)
- 1908 - William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
- 1915 - Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
- 1916 - James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
- 1918 - Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
- 1920 - William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
- 1922 - Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
- 1932 - Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
- 1932 - Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (b. 1867)
- 1934 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (b. 1903)
- 1950 - William Lyon Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
- 1958 - Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian writer (b. 1895)
- 1967 - Carl Sandburg, American poet (b. 1878)
- 1968 - Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
- 1974 - Wayne Morse, U.S. Senator from Oregon (b. 1900)
- 1979 - Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
- 1989 - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
- 1990 - Manuel Puig, Argentinian writer (b. 1932)
- 1992 - Wayne McLaren, portrayed the Marlboro Man (b. 1940)
- 1998 - Hermann Prey, German bass-baritone (b. 1929)
- 2000 - Eric Christmas, British actor (b. 1916)
- 2003 - Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
- 2003 - Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
- 2003 - Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist (b. 1954)
- 2004 - Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933)
- 2004 - George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
- 2005 - Eugene Record American songwriter (b. 1940)
- 2006 - José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
- 2006 - James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
 Holidays and observances
 Liturgical feasts
- Saint Biteus =Dabius/Davius (Dabius), abbot of Inis-Coosery
- Saint Cyril, bishop, martyr [Brixen, Speyer]
- Saint Florentius and Sisinnius, martyrs [Magdeburg]
- Saint Joseph of Palestine, count
- Saint Lupus, bishop of Sens, confessor (Translation) [Sens]
- Saint Meneleus, abbot in Auvergne [Bourges, Clermont]
- Saint Mineve, abbot
- Saint Wandregisil =Vandrille/Wandre Gisilus, abbot (of Fontenelle), confessor [northern France, England, Scotland, Norway; Paris]
- Saint Mary Magdalene [common; Paris, Bruges), in red]
- Saint Theodosia, virgin [Châlons-sur-Marne]
 External links
July 21 - July 23 - June 22 - August 22 -- listing of all days
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ca:22 de juliol
co:22 di lugliu
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fur:22 di Lui
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wa:22 d' djulete