2012 Summer Olympics
Learn more about 2012 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XXX Olympiad|
The logo above is the candidate bid logo
|Host city||London, United Kingdom|
|Events||300 in 26 sports|
|Opening ceremony||July 27, 2012|
|Closing ceremony||August 12, 2012|
|Officially opened by||---|
|Stadium|| Olympic Stadium |
The 2012 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXX Olympiad, will be held in London, United Kingdom from 27 July to 12 August 2012. London will become the first city to host the modern Olympic Games three times, having previously done so in 1908 and 1948.
 The bidding process
By the bid submission deadline of 15 July 2003, nine cities had submitted bids to host the 2012 Olympics. These cities were Havana, Istanbul, Leipzig, London, Madrid, Moscow, New York, Paris, and Rio de Janeiro.
By 19 November 2004 all five candidate cities had submitted their candidate file to the International Olympic Committee. The IOC inspection team visited the five candidate cities during February and March of 2005. The Paris bid suffered two set-backs during the IOC inspection visit: a number of strikes and demonstrations coinciding with the visits and a report coming out that Guy Drut, one of the key members of the Paris bid team and IOC member, would face charges over alleged corrupt political party finances.<ref name="wrongb">"Day One Of Paris 2012 Inspection By IOC", GamesBids. Retrieved on 2005-03-09.</ref>
On 6 June 2005 the International Olympic Committee released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities. Although these reports did not contain any scores or rankings, the evaluation report for Paris was considered the most positive, now followed closely by London which had narrowed down most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in 2004 vis-a-vis Paris. Also New York and Madrid obtained very positive evaluation reports. <ref name="wrongc">"Paris, London and New York Get Glowing IOC Reports", GamesBids. Retrieved on 2005-06-06.</ref>
Throughout the process and up to the vote at the 117th IOC Session, Paris was widely seen as the favourite to win the nomination, particularly as this was its third bid in recent history. Originally London was seen lagging Paris by considerable margin, however this started to improve with the appointment of Sebastian Coe as new head of London 2012 on 19 May 2004. In late August 2004 some reports started emerging predicting a London and Paris tie in the 2012 bid <ref name="wrongd">"London And Paris Tie In 2012 Bid", GamesBids. Retrieved on 2004-08-31.</ref>. In the final run-up to the 117th IOC Session, London and Paris appeared to be increasingly in a neck-to-neck race. On 1 July 2005 Jacques Rogge, when asked who the winner would be, told the assembled press: "I cannot predict it since I don’t know how the IOC members will vote. But my gut feeling tells me that it will be very close. Perhaps it will come down to a difference of say ten votes, or maybe less".
On 6 July 2005, the final selection was announced at the Raffles City Convention Centre in Singapore, where the 117th IOC Session was held. Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New York and Madrid. The final two cities left in contention were London and Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the 2012 Games with 54 votes, defeating Paris's 50. Numerous celebrations took place in London whilst crowds of supporters in Paris dispersed quickly after hearing that the 2012 summer games would be hosted in London. However, the celebrations in London were overshadowed when London's transport system was attacked less than 24 hours after the announcement.
|2012 Summer Olympics bidding results|
|Bid||NOC Name||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4|
|London 2012||Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom||22||27||39||54|
|Paris 2012||Image:Flag of France.svg France||21||25||33||50|
|Madrid 2012||Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain||20||32||31||-|
|New York City 2012||Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States||19||16||-||-|
|Moscow 2012||Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia||15||-||-||-|
 Olympic development and preparation
|2012 Summer Olympics|
|IOC BOA LOCOG ODA|
 Details of the bid
The 2012 Olympics will use a mixture of newly built venues, existing facilities, and temporary facilities, including the 80,000 seat Olympic Stadium and the new Wembley Stadium. The majority of venues have been divided into three zones within Greater London: the Olympic Zone, the River Zone and the Central Zone. Some additional venues are, by necessity, outside the boundaries of Greater London.
The Olympic Village will have 17,320 beds and provide each athlete with 16m² floor space, a TV, Internet access, and a private courtyard. The dining hall will be able to feed 5,500 athletes at a time.
Public transport will undergo a massive redevelopment, including the expansion of the London Underground's East London Line, upgrades to the Docklands Light Railway and the North London Line, and the new "Olympic Javelin" service.
There will be 8 million tickets for the Olympic Games themselves, and a further 1.6 million for the Paralympics. Organisers say that 75 per cent of all tickets will cost less than £50 and offer free travel on London transport, with the cheapest tickets for the athletics starting at £15. Additionally, there will be 20,000 £10 tickets for the Olympic Park to watch events on big screens.
 Developments after the bid
The London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (LOCOG) was put in place to oversee the development of the Games after the success of the bid, and held their first board meeting on 7 October 2005. The committee, chaired by Lord Coe, are in charge of implementing the games, while the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) are in charge of the construction of the venues.
Various aspects of the Games have developed since the time of the initial bid. Some of these were in light of terrorist attacks in London on 7 July 2005, and there were other unforeseen problems. The clarification of details and the announcement of new information has seen the plan develop further.
 Venues and infrastructure
The 2012 Olympics will use a mixture of newly built venues, existing and historic facilities, and temporary facilities, some of them in well known locations such as Hyde Park and Horse Guards Parade. In the wake of the problems that plagued the Millennium Dome, the intention is that there will be no white elephants after the games. Some of the new facilities will be reused in their Olympic form, while others will be reduced in size and several will be relocated elsewhere in the UK. The plans will contribute to the regeneration of Stratford in east London which will be the site of the Olympic Park, and of the neighbouring Lower Lea Valley.
However this will require the compulsory purchase of some businesses and this has caused controversy, with some of the business owners claiming that the compensation offered is inadequate. The purchased buildings would be demolished to make way for Olympic venues and infrastructure improvements.
The majority of venues have been divided into three zones within Greater London: the Olympic Zone, the River Zone and the Central Zone. In addition to these are those venues that, by necessity, are outside the boundaries of Greater London, such as the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy on the Isle of Portland in Dorset (which will host the Sailing events) and various stadia across the UK.
Public transport, an aspect of the bid which scored poorly in the IOC's initial evaluation, will see numerous improvements, including the expansion of the London Underground's East London Line, upgrades to the Docklands Light Railway and the North London Line, and the new "Olympic Javelin" service.
The claimed aims of the organizers include making 90% of venues accessible by at least three forms of public transport, whilst allowing 93% of training facilities to be within 30 minutes' travel of the athletes' housing. Park and ride schemes also feature amongst the many plans aimed at reducing traffic levels during the games.
There have however been concerns expressed at the logistics of spectators travelling to the venues outside London. In particular, the sailing events on Portland are in an area with no direct motorway connection, and with local roads that are heavily congested by existing tourist traffic in the summer. There is also only limited scope for extra services on the South Western Main Line beyond Southampton, without new infrastructure.
The principal item in the budget are listed below.  All of these figures are estimates and they may change. Indeed in October 2006 the Culture Secretary, Tessa Jowell, announced that the ODA budget may increase from £2.375 billion to £4 billion. <ref>"Olympics cost blowout threat", This is Local London. Retrieved on 2006-10-25.</ref>.
On 21 November Tessa Jowell admitted the cost could rise to £3.3billion <ref>"Cost of 2012 Olympics 'up £900m'", BBC. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.</ref>. These figures were contradicted by London Mayor Ken Livingston, who pledged the Games would make a profit, and cost less than Ms Jowell's figures <ref>"Mayor denies Olympic cost 'mess'", BBC. Retrieved on 2006-11-22.</ref>
The lists are incomplete:
- £560 million for new venues, including £250 million for the Olympic Stadium.
- £65 million for the Olympic village.
- £1.5 billion to run the Games.
- £200 million on security.
- £1.5 billion from a special Olympic National Lottery game.
- £625 million from a council tax surcharge (£20 per year on a Band D property) on London households 2006-2017
- £250 million from the London Development Agency.
- Total £2.375 billion
- £960 million from IOC television and marketing deals.
- £450 million from sponsorship and official suppliers.
- £780 million from ticket sales.
- £554 million from licensing.
The government will also rely on private investment.
Further expenditure, notably that on infrastructure, will be counted as outside of the Olympic budget.
The 2012 Summer Olympics programme will feature 26 sports and a total of 35 disciplines. London's bid featured 28 sports, in line with other recent Summer Olympics, but the IOC voted to drop baseball and softball from the 2012 Games two days after it selected London as the host city. The IOC reinforced their decision to drop both sports during the Turin Games after they lost votes for reconsideration. They will be Olympic sports for the last time at Beijing in 2008.
The UK's Guardian newspaper reported on Friday 28 October 2005 that open-air swimming disciplines will be added to the Beijing and London Olympic schedules. The paper also reported that women's boxing may be added to London; the IOC confirmed that women's boxing would not be included in Beijing because they "did not feel it merited inclusion in 2008".
Before the removal of baseball and softball the organisers planned to issue 8 million tickets for the Olympics and 1.6 million for the Paralympics. It is planned that three quarters of all tickets will cost less than £50. Tickets to the Olympic Park, where events will be shown on giant video screens, will cost £10. It is estimated that 82% of available Olympic tickets and 63% of Paralympic tickets will be sold.
Continuing the IOC's commitment to providing over-the-air television coverage to as broad a worldwide audience as possible, London 2012 will be broadcast by a number of regional broadcasters. Though reduced dramatically since 1980, the United States television rights currently owned by NBC still account for over half the rights revenue for the IOC. Many television broadcasters granted rights to the games have bureaux and studios in London, but since at least the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, rights-holder operations are hosted in the dedicated International Broadcast Centre (IBC). London's IBC is planned to be inside the security cordon of the Olympic Park. Confirmed regional broadcasters include:
- The BBC will televise the games on BBC One and also on radio and BBCi
- NBC Universal, with NBC and its cable properties, for the United States. (It should be noted that NBCs broadcasting rights for the Olympics ends after these games.)
- European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for Europe.
- In Canada, a consortium of Bell Globemedia and Rogers Media properties. Specific outlets tentatively include CTV, TQS, TSN, RDS, Rogers Sportsnet, OMNI Television, OLN, CTV Newsnet, RIS, Discovery Channel, Report on Business Television, The Biography Channel, Rogers radio stations, as well as third-party broadcasters APTN and ATN.
With Bell Globemedia's takeover of CHUM Limited, more stations may be included as well, making probably the largest grouping of TV stations from one country to air Olympic-related live footage.
- In the Republic of Ireland, RTÉ will more than likely televise the games. There is relatively little competition from the small number of Irish based TV stations, as RTÉ is the national broadcaster and has covered all previous Olympic Games. However, another possibility is the Irish-language broadcaster TG4, which has in recent years taken over broadcasting of some major sporting events (such as Wimbledon and the Tour de France) from RTÉ.
- Australian broadcaster is currently unknown, however, it is likely to be on Channel 7, which covered the previous seven Olympic Games (both Winter and Summer).
 See also
- "Fear Her", a 2006 episode of Doctor Who set during the games.
- "Go for Gold" 2012 Olympic scratchcards
- 2012 Summer Paralympics
- Ancient Olympic Games
- London Borough of Newham, where most of the events will take place and the Olympic Park will be located.
- Department for Culture, Media and Sport
- London Development Agency
- Greater London Authority
- BBC (2005). Focus on London's Olympic Plans. Retrieved July 7 2005.
- SLAM! Sports Canada (2005). Some Londoners against Olympic bid. Retrieved July 8 2005.
- ↑ "Women's boxing ruled out for 2008", BBC News. Retrieved on 2005-10-27.
- BBC (2005). Voting error gave Olympics to London. Retrieved December 23 2005
 External links
- London 2012 Olympic Stadium in FX Magazine
- London 2012 Official Homepage
- Work in Progress:Official blog of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games
- Local view of the Olympics from host borough the London Borough of Newham
- Baseball and softball dropped from 2012 Olympics
- Official Olympics Website announces London as host
- Video of announcement from Official Olympics Website (WMV format)
- BBC: London beats Paris to 2012 Games
- Commentary on 2012 Olympic Park
- BBC: Reactions to the announcement of the host city of the 2012 Olympic Games
- BBC: Coverage of the announcement.
- CNN: London wins 2012 Olympics
- Stratford Circus - Performing arts centre in Stratford, London
Olympic Games}"> |
| Sports • Medal counts • NOCs|
Medalists • Symbols
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
|Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012|
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