Orders of magnitude (mass)

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To help compare different orders of magnitude, the following list describes various mass levels between 3.6×10−36 kg and 1.6×1060 kg.

Factor (kg) Value Item
10−36 3.6×10−36 kg Electron neutrino, upper limit on mass (2 eV/c²)
10−35    
10−34    
10−33    
10−32    
10−31 9.1×10−31 kg Electron (511 keV/c²), the lightest elementary particle with a measured nonzero rest mass.
10−30    
10−29    
10−28 1.9×10−28 kg Muon (106 MeV/c²)
10−27
yoctogram (yg)
1.661×10−27 kg Atomic mass unit (amu) or dalton (Da)
1.673×10−27 kg Proton (938.3 MeV/c²)
1.674×10−27 kg Hydrogen atom, the lightest atom
1.675×10−27 kg Neutron (939.6 MeV/c²)
10−26 1.15×10−26 kg Lithium atom (6.941 amu)
2.99×10−26 kg Water molecule (18.015 amu)
7.95×10−26 kg Titanium atom (47.867 amu)
10−25 1.79×10−25 kg Silver atom (107.8682 amu)
1.6×10−25 kg Z boson (91.2 GeV/c²)
3.1×10−25 kg Top quark (173 GeV/c²), the heaviest known elementary particle
3.2×10−25 kg Caffeine molecule (194 amu)
3.45×10−25 kg Lead-208 atom, the heaviest stable isotope known
10−24
zeptogram (zg)
   
10−23    
10−22 1.1×10−22 kg Haemoglobin A a molecule found in blood
10−21
attogram (ag)
   
10−20 10−20 kg A small virus
10−19    
10−18
femtogram (fg)
   
10−17 1.1×10−17 kg Mass equivalent of one joule
4.6×10−17 kg Mass equivalent of a calorie
10−16 7×10−16 kg Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacterium
10−15
picogram (pg)
   
10−14    
10−13    
10−12
nanogram (ng)
10−12 kg Average human cell (1 nanogram)
10−11    
10−10    
10−9
microgram (µg)
2×10−9 kg Uncertainty in the mass of the prototype kilogram (2 micrograms)
3×10−9 kg Small grain of sand (0.063 mm diameter, 3 micrograms)
10−8 2.2×10−8 kg Planck mass
10−7    
10−6
milligram (mg)
1–2×10−6 kg Typical mass of a mosquito (1–2 milligrams)
10−5
centigram (cg)
9×10−5 kg Large grain of sand (2 mm diameter, 90 milligrams)
10−4
decigram (dg)
1.5×10−4 kg Typical amount of caffeine in one cup of coffee (150 milligrams)
2×10−4 kg Metric carat (200 milligrams)
10−3
gram (g)
10−3 kg One cubic centimeter of water (1 gram)
8×10−3 kg Typical coins: euro (7.5 grams) and U.S. dollar (8.1 grams)
10−2
decagram   (dag)
1.2–4×10−2 kg Adult mouse (Mus musculus, 12–40 grams)
2.4×10−2 kg Amount of ethanol in one drink (24 grams)
2.8×10−2 kg Ounce (avoirdupois) (28.35 grams)
10−1
hectogram   (hg)
0.15 kg Human kidney (150 grams)
0.454 kg Pound (avoirdupois) (454 grams)
Factor (kg) Value Item
1 kg
kilogram (kg)
1 kg One litre of water, approx.
3 kg Newborn human baby
4.0 kg Women's shotput
5–7 kg Housecat
7.3 kg Men's shotput
101 10–30 kg A CRT computer monitor or television set
15–20 kg Medium-sized dog
70 kg Adult human; large dog
102 100 kg Quintal (mainly U.S. - other countries have different definitions)
180–250 kg Mature lion, female (180 kg) and male (250 kg)
700 kg Dairy cow
907 kg Short ton (U.S.)
103
megagram (Mg)
1000 kg Metric ton/tonne; one cubic metre of water
1016 kg Ton (British) / 1 long ton (U.S.)
800–1600 kg Typical passenger automobiles
3000–7000 kg Adult elephant
104 1.1×104 kg Hubble Space Telescope (11 tonnes)
1.2×104 kg Largest elephant on record (12 tonnes)
1.4×104 kg Big Ben (Bell) (14 tonnes)
6.0×104 kg Largest Meteorite, Hoba West Meteorite (60 tonnes)
8–10×104 kg Largest known dinosaur, the Argentinosaurus (80–100 tonnes)
105 105 kg Largest animal, the blue whale (100 tonnes)
1.87×105 kg International Space Station (187 tonnes)
6×105 kg Antonov An-225 (the world's heaviest aircraft) maximum take-off mass (600 tonnes); payload: 250 tonnes
106
gigagram (Gg)
1.5×106 kg Individual gate of the Thames Barrier
2.041×106 kg Launch mass of the Space Shuttle (2041 tonnes)
107 1.1×107 kg Annual production of Darjeeling tea (11,000 tonnes)
2.6×107 kg RMS Titanic (26,000 tonnes)
9.97×107 kg Heaviest train ever (99,700 tonnes): Australia's BHP Iron Ore, 2001 record
108 6.5×108 kg Largest ship, Knock Nevis, when fully loaded (650,000 tonnes)
109
teragram (Tg)
4.3×109 kg Amount of matter converted into energy by the Sun each second
6×109 kg Great Pyramid of Giza
1010 6×1010 kg Amount of concrete in the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest concrete structure
1011 2×1011 kg Amount of water stored in London storage reservoirs (0.2 km³)
3×1011 kg Total mass of the human world population
1–8×1011 kg Total biomass of Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, thought to be the most plentiful creature on the planet
1012
petagram (Pg)
3.91×1012 kg World oil production in 2001
1013    
1014 2–3×1014 kg Amount of rock that exploded in the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in 1815
1015
exagram (Eg)
1×1015 kg Estimated total world coal reserves economically accessible using current mining technology
1016 1×1016 kg 951 Gaspra, the first asteroid ever to be closely approached by a spacecraft
1017 1.6×1017 kg Prometheus (moon), a shepherd satellite for the inner edge of Saturn's F Ring.
1018
zettagram (Zg)
5×1018 kg Earth's atmosphere
5.7×1018 kg Hyperion, a moon of Saturn
1019 3×1019 kg 3 Juno, the fifth largest asteroid in the main Asteroid Belt
1020 8.7×1020 kg Ceres, the largest asteroid in the main Asteroid Belt (now officially a dwarf planet)
1021
yottagram (Yg)
1.35×1021 kg Earth's oceans
1.6×1021 kg Charon, the moon of Pluto
2.3×1021 kg Total mass of the Asteroid Belt
1022 1.3×1022 kg Pluto
1.5×1023 kg Triton, largest moon of Neptune
7.35×1022 kg Earth's Moon
1023 1.3×1023 kg Titan, largest moon of Saturn
1.5×1023 kg Ganymede, largest moon of Jupiter
3.2×1023 kg Mercury
6.4×1023 kg Mars
1024 4.9×1024 kg Venus
6.0×1024 kg The Earth
1025 3.0×1025 kg Lowest estimate of the mass of the Oort cloud
8.7×1025 kg Uranus
1026 1.0×1026 kg Neptune
5.7×1026 kg Saturn
6.0×1026 kg Highest estimate of the mass of the Oort cloud
1027 1.9×1027 kg Jupiter
1028 1–17×1028 kg Brown dwarf stars
1029 3.4×1029 kg Barnard's Star, a near red dwarf star
1030 2×1030 kg Sun; one solar mass
2.9×1030 kg Chandrasekhar limit (1.44 solar masses)
1031 4×1031 kg Betelgeuse, a red supergiant star
1032    
1033    
1034    
1035    
1036 2×1036 kg The supermassive black hole at the center of our Galaxy, associated with the radio source Sagittarius A*
1037    
1038   Typical mass of a globular cluster
1039    
1040    
1041 3.6×1041 kg Visible mass of the Milky Way galaxy
1042 2×1042 kg Total mass of the Milky Way galaxy
1043    
1044    
1045    
1046 2×1046 kg Virgo Supercluster
1047    
1048    
1049    
1050    
1051    
1052    
1053    
1054    
1055    
1056    
1057    
1058    
1059    
1060 1.6×1060 kg the known Universe

[edit] External links

cs:Řádová velikost (hmotnost) de:Größenordnung (Masse) sk:Zoznam rádových veľkostí hmotnosti

Orders of magnitude (mass)

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