1992 Summer Olympics
Learn more about 1992 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XXV Olympiad|
|Host city||Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain|
|Athletes participating||9,956 (7,010 men, 2,851 women)|
|Events||286 in 32 sports|
|Opening ceremony||July 25, 1992|
|Closing ceremony||August 9, 1992|
|Officially opened by||Juan Carlos I of Spain|
|Athlete's Oath||Luis Doreste Blanco|
|Judge's Oath||Eugeni Asensio|
|Olympic Torch||Antonio Rebollo (paralympic archer)|
|Stadium||Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc|
The 1992 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Barcelona, the birth city of IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch, was selected over Amsterdam, Belgrade, Birmingham, Brisbane and Paris in Lausanne, Switzerland in October 1986.
- All of the IOC countries participated in the Games for the first time since Munich 1972 Summer Olympics .
- Paralympic archer Antonio Rebollo lit the Olympic Flame by shooting an arrow to the cauldron. The arrow passed over the cauldron, which was emanating gas in that moment. The gas ignited and the flame appeared in the cauldron.
- In basketball, the admittance of professional players led to the American Dream Team ,with players like Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson and Larry Bird. They won the gold medal with great ease.
- South Africa was allowed again to participate in the Olympics after a 28 years suspension in the Olympic Games for its apartheid policy. White South African runner Elana Meyer and black Ethiopian runner Derartu Tulu fought out a great battle in the 10,000 m (won by Tulu) and then ran their lap of honour hand in hand.
- Following the German Reunification in 1990, Germany participated with a single team for the first time since 1960.
- One of the main musical themes of the 1992 Games was "Barcelona", written especially for the Games by Freddie Mercury.
- As the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991, the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania participated with their own teams for the first time since 1936. The other Soviet republics took part in the Unified Team.
- The break up of Yugoslavia led to the debuts of Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Yugoslav athletes were not allowed to participate with their own team, but could compete under the Olympic flag as Independent Olympic Participants.
- In gymnastics, Vitaly Scherbo from Belarus won six gold medals, including four on a single day. Five of the six golds were in individual events, tying Eric Heiden's record for individual gold medals at a single Olympics.
- In the diving competitions, held in the view of the Sagrada Família, Fu Mingxia won the high dive event, being only 13 years old.
- Russian swimmers dominated the freestyle events, with Alexander Popov and Yevgeny Sadovyi both winning two events (Sadovyi won a third with in the relays).
- The young Krisztina Egerszegi of Hungary won three individual swimming gold medals.
- After being demonstrated six times, baseball became an Olympic sport, with Cuba winning the gold medal, Chinese Taipei winning silver, and Japan the bronze.
- Badminton and women's judo became part of the Olympic programme, while slalom canoeing returned to the Games after a 20-year absence.
- Basque pelote, Roller Hockey and Taekwondo were the demo sports.
- Chris Boardman wins the 4000M Individual Pursuit track cycling event for Great Britain.
- Linford Christie finally wins the 100m at the age of 32.
 Medals awarded
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
 Participating nations
172 nations sent athletes to compete in these Games.
 Medal count
These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:
|1||Image:Flag of the Olympic Movement (bordered).svg Unified Team||45||38||29||112|
|2||Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States||37||34||37||108|
|3||Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany||33||21||28||82|
|4||Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China||16||22||16||54|
|5||Image:Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba||14||6||11||31|
|6||Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain (host nation)||13||7||2||22|
|7||Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg South Korea||12||5||12||29|
|8||Image:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary||11||12||7||30|
|9||Image:Flag of France.svg France||8||5||16||29|
|10||Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia||7||9||11||27|
 See also
 External links
- IOC Site on 1992 Summer Olympics
- Barcelona Olympic Foundation
- Olympic Review 1992 - Official results
- Barcelona Olympic Stadium
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| Sports • Medal counts • NOCs|
Medalists • Symbols
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
|Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012|
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