Learn more about 1991
1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar.
- February 5 - A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
- February 7 - Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
- February 7 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
- February 8 - Most of England is affected by a large snow storm.
- February 9 - Voters in Lithuania support independence.
- February 11 - UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization, forms in the Hague, Netherlands.
- February 13 - Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. Iraqi officials claim that the bunker was a bomb shelter, but United States military intelligence identified it as a military facility.
- February 15 - The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
- February 16 - Gulf War: American and British war planes bomb the suburbs of Baghdad, injuring at least 11 civilians and killing 3 others.
- February 18 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
- February 22 - Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Russian-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but said that retreating Iraqi forces would not be attacked if they left Kuwait within 24 hours.
- February 23 - Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Kuwait, thus starting the ground phase of the war.
- February 23 - In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong deposes Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan in a bloodless coup d'état.
- February 25 - Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 29 and injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single, most devastating attack on U.S. forces during that war.
- February 26 - Gulf War: On Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.
- February 27 - Gulf War: Kuwait is liberated, and a ceasefire is declared, after 100 hours of ground fighting. Iraq accepts the terms of the ceasefire, which call for the country to disarm.
- March-April - Iraqi forces suppress rebellions in the southern and northern parts of the country, creating a humanitarian disaster on the borders of Turkey and Iran.
- March 1 - The ballistic missile submarine USS-ex-Sam Houston SSBN-609 is deactivated.
- March 1 - Clayton Keith Yeutter finishes as the United States Secretary of Agriculture.
- March 3 - An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles, California police officers.
- March 3 - Latvia and Estonia vote for independence from the Soviet Union.
- March 4 - The most primitive form of the World Wide Web goes online.
- March 4 - In Iraq, Saddam Hussein releases 6 U.S., 3 British and 1 Italian prisoner of war.
- March 4 - Sheik Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of Kuwait, returns to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion.
- March 4 - Vermont celebrates its bicentennial statehood.
- March 9 - Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade; 2 people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
- March 10 - Gulf War: Operation Phase Echo - 540,000 American troops begin to leave the Persian Gulf.
- March 11 - A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.
- March 13 - The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
- March 14 - After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a pub in an Irish Republican Army attack, the "Birmingham Six" are freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.
- March 15 - Four Los Angeles, California police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3, 1991 beating of motorist Rodney King during an arrest.
- March 15 - Germany formally regains complete independence after the 4 post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
- March 31 - Albania has the first multi-party elections.
- April 3 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The resolution calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150km and production facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.
- April 4 - Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and 6 others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
- April 4 - William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, is identified as a suspect in an alleged Palm Beach, Florida rape.
- April 5 - Former Senator John Tower and 22 others are killed in airplane crash in Brunswick, Georgia, United States.
- April 9 - The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares independence.
- April 10 - A South Atlantic tropical cyclone develops in the Southern Hemisphere off the coast of Angola (the first of its kind to be documented by weather satellites).
- April 14 - In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.
- April 17 - After approaching 3,000 in July 1990, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, closing at 3,004.46.
- April 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.
- April 26 - Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States, killing 17. The most notable tornado of the day strikes Andover, Kansas. (see Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak)
- April 29 - A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000 people.
- July 1 - The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
- July 7 - The Brioni Agreement ends the 10-day war in Slovenia.
- July 10 - Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of Russia.
- July 11 - A total Solar Eclipse is seen in Hawaii, Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Brazil.
- July 22 - Mike Tyson is arrested and charged with raping Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America contestant, 3 days earlier, in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- July 22 - Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin apartment. They soon found out that he is involved in 6 more murders.
- July 24 - The government of India announces its New Industrial Policy, marking the start of India's economic reforms.
- July 26 - Paul Reubens (aka Peewee Herman) is arrested in a Sarasota, Florida theater for fondling himself.
- August 6 - Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the "World Wide Web."
- August 7 - Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated.
- August 8 - The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
- August 13 - The Super Nintendo Entertainment System is released in the United States.
- August 17 - Strathfield Massacre: In Sydney, Australia, taxi driver Wade Frankum shoots 7 people and injures 6 others before turning the gun on himself.
- August 19 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in the Crimea. The attempted coup, led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev and 7 hard-liners, collapses in less than 72 hours.
- August 20 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Estonia declares its independence from the Soviet Union, and more than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's parliament building protesting the coup that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.
- August 21 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Latvia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
- August 24 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Ukraine declares independence from Soviet Union.
- August 25 - Student Linus Torvalds posts messages to a Usenet newsgroup. comp.os.minix about the new operating system kernel he has been developing.
- August 25 - Michael Schumacher makes his Formula 1 debut in the Belgian Grand Prix.
- August 27 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Moldova declares independence from the Soviet Union.
- August 29 - Maronite general Michel Aoun leaves Lebanon via a French ship into exile.
- August 31 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan declare independence from the Soviet Union.
- October 2 - Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton announces he will seek the 1992 Democratic nomination for President of the United States.
- October 8 - The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia.
- October 11 - In Russia, the KGB is replaced by the SVR.
- October 11 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution 715, which demands that Iraq "accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel designated by the Special Commission". Iraq rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful".
- October 11-October 13 - The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee interviews both Supreme Court candidate Clarence Thomas and former aide Anita Hill, who alleges that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked for him.
- October 12 - Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by its Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
- October 14 - Bulgarians celebrate the end of the rule of the Communist Party.
- October 15 - After a bitter confirmation hearing, including sexual misconduct allegations by former aide Anita Hill, the United States Senate votes 52-48 to confirm Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- October 16 - George Hennard guns down 24 people in Killeen, Texas before killing himself.
- October 19 - A 7.0 Richter Scale earthquake hits Northern Italy; 2,000 dead.
- October 20 - The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments.
- October 27 - The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland.
- October 27 - Turkmenistan declares its independence from the USSR.
- October 27 - The Minnesota Twins win the World Series.
- October 29 - The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
 Undated events
- January 8 - Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer
- January 16 - Julie Dubela, American singer
- January 15 - Rubab Raza, Pakistan swimmer
- January 19 - Erin Sanders, American actress
- January 21 - Paige and Ryanne Kettner, American actresses
- January 21 - Brittany Tiplady, Canadian actress
- February 6 - Kara Borden, crime victim
- February 10 - Emma Roberts, American actress
- February 16 - Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, royalty
- February 17 - Bonnie Wright, English actress
- February 18 - Malese Jow, American actress
- March 3 - Reana Flores, A lost child
- March 4 - Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, model
- March 8 - Devon Werkheiser, American actor
- March 16 - Wolfgang Van Halen, American Musician
- March 23 - George William Carnegie, British noble
- March 26 - Brittney Wilson, Canadian actress
- March 28 - Amy Bruckner, American actress
- April 4 - Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress and singer
- April 10 - Sergiusz Zymelka, Polish actor
- April 10 - Amanda Michalka, American singer and actress
- April 20 - Thomas Curtis, American actor
- April 27 - Rebecca Ryan, British actress
- May 17 - Daniel Curtis Lee, American actor
- May 21 - Sarah Ramos, American actress
- May 26 - Julianna Rose Mauriello, American stage actress
- May 28 - Kristen Alderson, American actress
- June 4 - Jordan Hinson, American actress, Brandon Gustafson
- June 18 - Willa Holland, American model
- June 27 - Madylin Sweeten, American actress
- July 5 - Jason Dolley, American actor
- July 6 - Victoire Thivisol, French actress
- July 7 - Devon Alan, American actor
- July 9 - Mitchel Musso, American actor
- July 12 - Erik Per Sullivan, American actor
- July 14 - Lewis McGibbon, British actor
- August 28 - Kyle Massey, American actor
- August 30 - Lauren Hartley, British actress
- September 4 - Carter Jenkins, American actor
- September 5 - Skandar Keynes, British actor
- September 21 - Zoe Weizenbaum, American actress
- October 19 - Christopher Gerse, American actor
- November 6 - Camila Finn, Brazilian model
- December 9 - Prince Joachim, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian Prince
- December 13 - Jay Greenberg, American music composer
- December 19 - Declan Galbraith, British singer
For more musicians born in 1991, see 1991 in music.
- February 5 - Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903)
- February 6 - Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
- February 6 - Danny Thomas, American singer, comedian, and actor (b. 1914)
- February 7 - Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
- February 14 - John McCone, American Central Intelligence Agency director (b. 1902)
- February 21 - John S. Cooper, a U.S. Republican senator
- February 21 - Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)
- February 24 - John Charles Daly, South African-born journalist and game show host (b. 1914)
- February 24 - George Gobel, American comedian (b. 1919)
- March 1 - Edwin Land, Inventor of the Polaroid™ instant camera (b. 1909)
- March 2 - Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928)
- March 3 - Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)
- March 12 - Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1900)
- March 14 - Howard Ashman, American lyricist (b. 1950)
- March 14 - Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)
- March 20 - Conor Clapton, Eric Clapton's son. (b.1986)
- March 21 - Leo Fender, One of the most influential people in the development of electrical instruments (b. 1909)
- March 25 - Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Roman Catholic bishop who fought for Catholic Tradition (b. 1905)
- March 29 - Lee Atwater, American Presidential advisor (b. 1951)
- April 1 - Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
- April 3 - Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
- April 3 - Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
- April 4 - Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911)
- April 4 - H. John Heinz III, U.S. Senator (plane crash) (b. 1938)
- April 4 - Forrest Towns, American runner (b. 1914)
- April 4 - Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
- April 8 - Per "Dead" Yngve Ohlin, Vocalist for Mayhem/Morbid (suicide) (b. 1969)
- April 10 - Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
- April 26 - Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
- April 28 - Ken Curtis, American actor (b. 1916)
- April 28 - Johnny Eck, American sideshow performer
 Unknown dates
 Nobel prizes
 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
 Ship events