1984 Summer Olympics

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Games of the XXIII Olympiad

Host city Los Angeles, California, United States
Nations participating 140
Athletes participating 6,797
(5,230 men, 1,567 women)
Events 221 in 23 sports
Opening ceremony July 28, 1984
Closing ceremony August 12, 1984
Officially opened by President Ronald Reagan
Athlete's Oath Edwin Moses (athlete)
Judge's Oath Sharon Weber
Olympic Torch Rafer Johnson (decathlete)
Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Music sample:

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Image:1101850107 400.jpg
Peter Ueberroth organized the 1984 Summer Olympics
Image:Official souvenir.jpg
Official Olympic souvenir program
Image:Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg
President Ronald Reagan was from the host state of the Olympics

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were held in 1984 in Los Angeles, California, United States. Los Angeles was selected on May 18 1978 on the 80th IOC session at Athens, Greece without voting, because it was the only city to bid to host the 1984 Summer Olympics. Many blamed this on the financial losses that hit Montreal two years earlier, when it massively overspent on the 1976 Summer Olympics.

In view of the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14 Eastern Bloc countries and allies including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania), boycotted these Olympics. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns, but some saw it as revenge for the boycott of the Moscow Games. The L. A. boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another major event in July-August 1984, called the Friendship Games.

The host state of California was the home state of US President Ronald Reagan, who opened the games. (Video of Opening ceremony)

Contents

[edit] Torch Relay

The 1984 Olympic Torch Relay began in New York City and ended in Los Angeles traversing 33 states and Washington, DC. Unlike later torch relays the torch was always carried by runners on foot. It covered more than 15,000 km and involved 3616 different runners, including 200 runners from the sponsoring company AT&T.

[edit] Highlights

[edit] Venues

[edit] Los Angeles venues

[edit] Southern California venues

[edit] Other venues

[edit] Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

[edit] Demonstration sports

[edit] Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States (host nation) 83 61 30 174
2 Image:Romania flag 1947-1989.png Romania 20 16 17 53
3 Image:Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 17 19 23 59
4 Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 15 8 9 32
5 Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy 14 6 12 32
6 Image:Flag of Canada (bordered).svg Canada 10 18 16 44
7 Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan 10 8 14 32
8 Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand 8 1 2 11
9 Image:Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia 7 4 7 18
10 Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg South Korea 6 6 7 19

[edit] Participating nations

Articles about Los Angeles Summer Olympics by nation:

[edit] Boycotting countries

Image:Olympic boycotts 1976 1980 1984.PNG
Boycotting countries shown in red and orange

14 Countries took part in the Soviet led boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games[1]:

Iran and Libya also boycotted the games, citing political reasons, but were not a part of the Soviet led boycott.

[edit] Los Angeles - Host City

Following the news of the massive financial losses of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, few cities wished to host the Olympics. This was seen as a major threat to the future of the Olympic Games. However, with the financially successful Los Angeles Games, cities began to line up to be hosts again. The Los Angeles and Montreal Games are seen as examples of what to do and not to do when organizing the Olympics, and serve as object lessons to prospectant host cities. While Montreal organizers ran up a substantial debt eight years earlier by constructing many new, overly ambitiously designed venues, the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee relied heavily on the use of area venues that were already in existence. The Olympic Velodrome and the Olympic Swim Stadium, funded largely by the 7-Eleven and McDonald's corporations respectively, were the only two new venues constructed specifically for the L.A. Games. The resulting low construction costs, coupled with a heavy reliance on private corporate funding, allowed the Games to generate a profit of more than $200 million, making them by far the most financially successful in history. Since then, additional object lessons have been drawn from Atlanta in 1996 (the need to avoid excessive commercialization) and Athens in 2004 (the need to organize and build to schedule).

[edit] Trivia

The famous Brazilian composer Sergio Mendes composed a special song for the 1984 Olympic Games Olympia [[2]]

McDonalds ran a promotion where customers scratched off a ticket and if the US won that event then they would be given a free menu item. The company lost millions of dollars when the Soviet boycott let the US athletes fare better than they would have.

In the Simpsons episode, Lisa's First Word, Krusty runs a promotion where Krusty Burger is the "Official Meat-Flavored Sandwich of the 1984 Olympics". In the promotion, scratch off tickets are given out and if the US wins the event indicated on the ticket then the holder of the ticket wins a free burger. The games was however rigged so only events where communists usually win are given out. After the Soviet Union boycotts the games Krusty loses 44 million dollars.

[edit] See also

[edit] Olympics with significant boycotts

[edit] External links

Olympic Games}"> |
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Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024
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bs:XXIII. Olimpijske igre - Los Angeles 1984.

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1984 Summer Olympics

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