1984 Summer Olympics
Learn more about 1984 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XXIII Olympiad|
|Host city||Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Athletes participating|| 6,797|
(5,230 men, 1,567 women)
|Events||221 in 23 sports|
|Opening ceremony||July 28, 1984|
|Closing ceremony||August 12, 1984|
|Officially opened by||President Ronald Reagan|
|Athlete's Oath||Edwin Moses (athlete)|
|Judge's Oath||Sharon Weber|
|Olympic Torch||Rafer Johnson (decathlete)|
|Stadium||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum|
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were held in 1984 in Los Angeles, California, United States. Los Angeles was selected on May 18 1978 on the 80th IOC session at Athens, Greece without voting, because it was the only city to bid to host the 1984 Summer Olympics. Many blamed this on the financial losses that hit Montreal two years earlier, when it massively overspent on the 1976 Summer Olympics.
In view of the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14 Eastern Bloc countries and allies including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania), boycotted these Olympics. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns, but some saw it as revenge for the boycott of the Moscow Games. The L. A. boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another major event in July-August 1984, called the Friendship Games.
 Torch Relay
The 1984 Olympic Torch Relay began in New York City and ended in Los Angeles traversing 33 states and Washington, DC. Unlike later torch relays the torch was always carried by runners on foot. It covered more than 15,000 km and involved 3616 different runners, including 200 runners from the sponsoring company AT&T.
- The Tom Bradley International Terminal at the Los Angeles International Airport was built for the Olympics.
- George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" was played at the opening ceremony
- The organizers of the Los Angeles Olympics, Chief Executive Officer Peter Ueberroth and Chief Operating Officer Harry Usher, were able to produce a profit of over $200 million. The 1984 Games were the second to make a profit, after only the 1932 Summer Olympics (also in Los Angeles).
- Though a Warsaw Pact country, Romania (then ruled by Nicolae Ceauşescu), did not boycott the Games and won a national record of 53 medals.
- This Olympics marked the first time an American president opened an Olympic games held in the United States. The 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City were the first Winter Games to be opened by an American president.
- Carl Lewis makes his first appearance in the Olympics of 4 and equals the performance of Jesse Owens of 1936 and wins four gold medals in the 100m, 200m, 4x400m relay and the Long Jump.
- Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco becomes the first female Olympic champion of an Islamic nation, and the first of her country in the 400 m hurdles.
- A marathon for women is held for the first time at the Olympics, won by Joan Benoit. The event is also noted because of Swiss runner Gabi Andersen-Schiess, who - suffering from heat exhaustion - stumbles through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
- Synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics debut in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as does wind surfing.
- Following the IOC agreement to designate the Republic of China (Taiwan) "Chinese Taipei", the People's Republic of China appears in the Olympics as "China" and wins 15 gold medals. In weightlifting, athletes from the Chinese Taipei and China teams win medals at the same event.
- Tennis returns for the first time since the 1924 Summer Olympics, this time as a demonstration sport. Baseball is held as an exhibition for the sixth time.
- Steve Redgrave wins his first title in rowing of the record five he would go on to win in five Olympic competitions.
- Daley Thompson apparently misses a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the decathlon; the next year his score is retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
- Victor Davis sets a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke in swimming.
- Mary Lou Retton becomes the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
- France wins the Olympic soccer tournament, defeating Brazil 2-0 in the final. Olympic soccer was unexpectedly played before massive crowds throughout America, with several sell-outs at the 100,000+ seat Rose Bowl. This tournament is widely credited with planting the seed for the United States to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup and the rise of American soccer.
- John Williams composes the theme for the Olympiad, Olympic Fanfare and Theme. It goes on to win a Grammy Award for Williams and becomes one of the commonly known musical themes for the Olympic Games, along with Leo Arnaud's Bugler's Dream which is still used.
- The opening ceremony featured the arrival of Bill Suitor by means of the Bell Aerosystems rocket pack (also known as a Jet Pack).
- Professional wrestler Samoa Joe appeared at the opening ceremony as a dancer.
 Los Angeles venues
- Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum - opening/closing ceremonies, athletics
- Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena - boxing
- Dodger Stadium - baseball
- Pauley Pavilion, University of California, Los Angeles - gymnastics
- Eagles Nest Arena, California State University, Los Angeles - judo
- Olympic (McDonald's) Swim Stadium, University of Southern California - swimming, diving, synchronized swimming
- Los Angeles Tennis Center, University of California, Los Angeles - tennis
- Athletes Village, University of California, Los Angeles
 Southern California venues
- El Dorado Park, Long Beach, California - archery
- The Forum, Inglewood, California - basketball
- Lake Casitas, Ventura County, California - canoeing, rowing
- Olympic Velodrome, California State University, Dominguez Hills, Carson, California - cycling
- Santa Anita Park, Arcadia, California - equestrian sports
- Long Beach Convention Center, Long Beach, California - fencing
- Rose Bowl, Pasadena, California - football/soccer
- Titan Gymnasium, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, California - handball
- Weingart Stadium, East Los Angeles College, Monterey Park, California - hockey
- Coto de Caza, Orange County, California - modern pentathlon
- Olympic Shooting Range, Prado Recreational Area, Chino, California - shooting
- Long Beach Arena, Long Beach, California - volleyball
- Raleigh Rummels Memorial Pool, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California - water polo
- Albert Gersten Pavilion, Loyola Marymount University, Westchester, California - weightlifting
- Anaheim Convention Center, Anaheim, California - wrestling
- Long Beach Shoreline Marina and Harbor, Long Beach, California - yachting
 Other venues
- Harvard Stadium, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts - football/soccer preliminaries
- Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland - football/soccer preliminaries
- Stanford Stadium, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California - football/soccer preliminaries
 Medals awarded
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
 Medal count
These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:
|1||Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States (host nation)||83||61||30||174|
|2||Image:Romania flag 1947-1989.png Romania||20||16||17||53|
|3||Image:Flag of Germany.svg West Germany||17||19||23||59|
|4||Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China||15||8||9||32|
|5||Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy||14||6||12||32|
|6||Image:Flag of Canada (bordered).svg Canada||10||18||16||44|
|7||Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan||10||8||14||32|
|8||Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand||8||1||2||11|
|9||Image:Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia||7||4||7||18|
|10||Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg South Korea||6||6||7||19|
 Participating nations
Articles about Los Angeles Summer Olympics by nation:
 Boycotting countries
14 Countries took part in the Soviet led boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games:
- East Germany
- North Korea
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
 Los Angeles - Host City
Following the news of the massive financial losses of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, few cities wished to host the Olympics. This was seen as a major threat to the future of the Olympic Games. However, with the financially successful Los Angeles Games, cities began to line up to be hosts again. The Los Angeles and Montreal Games are seen as examples of what to do and not to do when organizing the Olympics, and serve as object lessons to prospectant host cities. While Montreal organizers ran up a substantial debt eight years earlier by constructing many new, overly ambitiously designed venues, the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee relied heavily on the use of area venues that were already in existence. The Olympic Velodrome and the Olympic Swim Stadium, funded largely by the 7-Eleven and McDonald's corporations respectively, were the only two new venues constructed specifically for the L.A. Games. The resulting low construction costs, coupled with a heavy reliance on private corporate funding, allowed the Games to generate a profit of more than $200 million, making them by far the most financially successful in history. Since then, additional object lessons have been drawn from Atlanta in 1996 (the need to avoid excessive commercialization) and Athens in 2004 (the need to organize and build to schedule).
McDonalds ran a promotion where customers scratched off a ticket and if the US won that event then they would be given a free menu item. The company lost millions of dollars when the Soviet boycott let the US athletes fare better than they would have.
In the Simpsons episode, Lisa's First Word, Krusty runs a promotion where Krusty Burger is the "Official Meat-Flavored Sandwich of the 1984 Olympics". In the promotion, scratch off tickets are given out and if the US wins the event indicated on the ticket then the holder of the ticket wins a free burger. The games was however rigged so only events where communists usually win are given out. After the Soviet Union boycotts the games Krusty loses 44 million dollars.
 See also
 Olympics with significant boycotts
- 1976 Summer Olympics – Montreal, Quebec, Canada — African boycott
- 1980 Summer Olympics – Moscow, Russia, USSR — US-led boycott
- 1984 Summer Olympics – Los Angeles, California, USA — Soviet-led boycott
 External links
Olympic Games}"> |
| Sports • Medal counts • NOCs|
Medalists • Symbols
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
|Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012|
da:Sommer-OL 1984 de:Olympische Sommerspiele 1984 et:1984. aasta suveolümpiamängud es:Juegos Olímpicos de Los Ángeles 1984 fr:Jeux Olympiques d'été de 1984 ko:1984년 하계 올림픽 hr:XXIII. Olimpijske igre - Los Angeles 1984. id:Olimpiade Los Angeles 1984 it:XXIII Olimpiade he:אולימפיאדת לוס אנג'לס (1984) la:1984 Olympia Aestiva nl:Olympische Zomerspelen 1984 ja:ロサンゼルスオリンピック (1984年) no:Sommer-OL 1984 nn:Sommar-OL 1984 pl:Letnie Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1984 pt:Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 1984 ro:Jocurile Olimpice de vară din 1984 ru:Летние Олимпийские игры 1984 sl:Poletne olimpijske igre 1984 sr:Летње олимпијске игре 1984. sh:Olimpijada 1984 fi:Kesäolympialaiset 1984 sv:Olympiska sommarspelen 1984 zh:1984年夏季奥林匹克运动会