1980 Summer Olympics
Learn more about 1980 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XXII Olympiad|
|Host city||Moscow, U.S.S.R.|
|Athletes participating|| 5,217|
(4,093 men, 1,124 women)
|Events||203 in 21 sports|
|Opening ceremony||July 19, 1980|
|Closing ceremony||August 3, 1980|
|Officially opened by||Leonid Brezhnev|
|Athlete's Oath||Nikolay Andrianov|
|Judge's Oath||Aleksandr Medved (wrestling)|
|Olympic Torch||Sergei Belov (basketball)|
|Stadium||Central Lenin Stadium|
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. Another candidate in the bid to organize the Olympics was Los Angeles. The choice between them was made on October 23, 1974 in the 75th IOC session. Moscow defeated Los Angeles by 39 votes to 20. The yachting events were held in Tallinn; preliminary matches and the quarter-finals of the football (soccer) tournament were held, besides Moscow, at the stadiums of Leningrad, Kiev, and Minsk.
- Although approximately half of the 24 countries which boycotted the 1976 Summer Olympics participated in these, the Games were disrupted by another, even larger, boycott led by the United States followed by 64 other countries in protest of the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Eighty nations did participate - the lowest number since 1956.
- Major broadcasters of the Games were USSR State TV and Radio, BBC, Eurovision and Intervision. NBC, which had intended to be another major broadcaster, cancelled its coverage in response to the U.S. boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics, and became a minor broadcaster as the network did air highlights and recaps of the games on a regular basis. In Mexico, Televisa provided full coverage of the games while the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation canceled their plans for coverage after Canada took part in the boycott.
- According to the Official Report, submitted to the IOC by the NOC of the USSR, total expenditures for the preparations for and staging of the Games were 862.7 million rubles, total revenues being 744.8 million rubles.
- A series of commemorative coins was released in the USSR in 1977-1980 to commemorate the event. It consisted of five platinum coins, six gold coins, 28 silver coins and six copper-nickel coins.
- Soviet gymnast Alexander Dityatin won a medal in each of the eight gymnastics events, including three titles.
- Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) won three gold medals in swimming. His time in the 1500 metre freestyle was the first below 15 minutes.
- Belarusian Uladzimir Parfianovich of the USSR won 3 gold medals in canoeing.
- Soviet sailor Valentyn Mankin won a gold medal in "Star" class. He won Olympic champion titles in "Finn" and "Tempest" classes before, and as of 2005 remains the only sailor in Olympic history to win gold medals in three different classes.
- Ethiopian Miruts Yifter won the 5000 metre and 10000 metre athletics double, emulating Lasse Viren's 1976 performance.
- Waldemar Cierpinski of East Germany won his second consecutive marathon gold.
- Women's field hockey was an Olympic sport for the first time. Six countries competed: Austria, India, Poland, Czechoslovakia, USSR, and Zimbabwe. The gold medal was won by the team of Zimbabwe.
- East Germany dominated rowing, winning eleven of the fourteen titles.
- Teófilo Stevenson of Cuba became the first boxer to win three consecutive Olympic titles.
- Central Lenin Stadium area
- Olympiiski Sports Center
- Indoor Stadium¹ - basketball, boxing
- Swimming Pool¹ - swimming, diving, water polo
- CSCA (Central Sports Club of the Army) Sports Complex
- Athletics Fieldhouse, Central Sports Club of the Army¹ - wrestling
- Football Fieldhouse, Central Sports Club of the Army¹ - fencing
- Palace of Sports, Central Sports Club of the Army¹ - basketball
- Venues in metropolitan Moscow
- Grand Arena, Dynamo Central Stadium² - football/soccer preliminaries
- Minor Arena, Dynamo Central Stadium² - hockey
- Young Pioneers' Stadium² - hockey
- Dynamo Palace of Sports¹, Khimki-Khovrino - handball
- Trade Unions' Equestrian Complex¹ - equestrian events
- Izmailovo Palace of Sports¹ - weightlifting
- Sokolniki Sports Palace² - handball
- Dynamo Shooting Range², Mytishchi - shooting
- Krylatskoye Sports Complex
- Canoeing and Rowing Basin², Krylatskoye - canoeing, rowing
- Olympic Velodrome¹, Krylatskoye - cycling
- Archery Field¹, Krylatskoye - archery
- Venues outside Moscow
¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.
 Medals awarded
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
 Medal count
These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:
|1||Image:Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR (host nation)||80||69||46||195|
|2||Image:Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany||47||37||42||126|
|3||Image:Flag of Bulgaria 1971-1990.png Bulgaria||8||16||17||41|
|4||Image:Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba||8||7||5||20|
|5||Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy||8||3||4||15|
|6||Image:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary||7||10||15||32|
|7||Image:Romania flag 1947-1989.png Romania||6||6||13||25|
|8||Image:Flag of France.svg France||6||5||3||14|
|9||Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain||5||7||9||21|
|10||Image:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg Poland||3||14||15||32|
 Participating nations
 See also
- 1980 Summer Paralympics
- International Olympic Committee
- American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics
- IOC country codes
 Olympics with significant boycotts
- 1976 Summer Olympics – Montreal, Quebec, Canada — African boycott
- 1980 Summer Olympics – Moscow, Russia, USSR — US-led boycott
- 1984 Summer Olympics – Los Angeles, California, USA — Soviet-led boycott
 External links
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- IOC Site on 1980 Summer Olympics
- Official Report from the Organizing Committee (3 volumes) on the AAFLA website
- Bear Cub Misha Lover's Association, 1980 Summer Olympics mascot Misha's fan page (in Japanese)
- Moscow Life: A retrospective of the 1980 Moscow Olympics
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| Sports • Medal counts • NOCs|
Medalists • Symbols
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
|Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012|
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