Learn more about 1979
This page refers to the year 1979. For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song).
1979 (MCMLXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday. It was proclaimed International Year of the Child by the United Nations.
- March 1 - Scotland votes narrowly for home rule, which is not implemented, and Wales votes against it.
- March 4 - The U.S. Voyager I spaceprobe photos reveal Jupiter's rings.
- March 5 - Voyager I makes its closest approach to Jupiter at 172,000 miles.
- March 13 - Maurice Bishop leads a successful coup in Grenada.
- March 14 - In China, a Hawker-Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
- March 25 - The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center, to be prepared for its first launch.
- March 26 - In a ceremony at the White House, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel sign a peace treaty.
- March 28 - A nuclear power plant accident at Three Mile Island, Pennsylvania, releases radiation.
- March 28 - In Britain, Jim Callaghan's government loses a motion of confidence by 1 vote, forcing a general election.
- March 29 - Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra, the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, dies in office. He is replaced by Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah, Sultan of Pahang.
- March 30 - Airey Neave, World War Two veteran and Conservative Northern Ireland spokesman, is killed by an INLA bomb in the British House of Commons parking lot.
- March 31 - The Royal Navy withdraws from Malta.
- March 31 - Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
- March 31 - Gali Atari and Milk and Honey win the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 for Israel, with the song Hallelujah.
- November 1 - Iran hostage crisis: Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urges his people to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand attacks on United States and Israeli interests.
- November 2 - French police shoot gangster Jacques Mesrine in Paris.
- November 3 - In Greensboro, North Carolina, 5 members of the Communist Workers Party are shot to death and 7 are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis, during a "Death to the Klan" rally.
- November 4 - Iran hostage crisis begins: 3,000 Iranian radicals, mostly students, invade the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American). They demand that the United States send the former Shah back to Iran to stand trial.
- November 5 - The radio news program Morning Edition premieres on National Public Radio.
- November 6 - At Montevideo, Uruguay, the International Olympic Committee adopts a resolution, whereby Taiwan Olympic and sports teams will participate with the name Chinese Taipei in future Olympics Games and international sports tournaments and championships.
- November 7 - U.S. Senator Edward Moore Kennedy announces that he will challenge President Jimmy Carter for the 1980 Democratic presidential nomination.
- November 12 - Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, U.S. President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all oil imports into the United States from Iran.
- November 14 - Iran hostage crisis: U.S. President Jimmy Carter issues Executive Order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States and U.S. banks in response to the hostage crisis.
- November 16 - Bucharest Metro Line One is opened, in Bucharest, Romania (from Timpuri Noi to Semanatoarea stations, 8.63 km).
- November 17 - Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and African American hostages being held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
- November 20 - A group of around 200 militant Sunni Muslims occupy Mecca's Grand Mosque. They are driven out by French commandos (allowed into the city under these special circumstances despite their being non-Muslims) after bloody fighting that leaves 250 people dead and 600 wounded.
- November 21 - After false radio reports from the Ayatollah Khomeini that the Americans had occupied the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set afire, killing 4. (see: Foreign relations of Pakistan)
- November 23 - In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
- November 28 - Mount Erebus disaster: an Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount Erebus on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.
 Unknown dates
- January 1 - Koichi Domoto, Japanese entertainer (Kinki Kids)
- January 2 - Morena Baccarin, Italian Brazilian actress
- January 3 - Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
- January 12 - Marián Hossa, Slovak ice hockey player
- January 12 - Grzegorz Rasiak, Polish footballer
- January 16 - Aaliyah, American singer (d. 2001)
- January 20 - Rob Bourdon, American drummer (Linkin Park)
- January 21 - Brian O'Driscoll, Irish rugby union player
- January 23 - Larry Hughes, American basketball player
- January 24 - Tatyana Ali, American actress
- January 27 - Rosamund Pike, British actress
- February 1 - Julie Augustyniak, American soccer player
- February 9 - Zhang Ziyi, Chinese actress and model
- February 9 - Mena Suvari, American actress
- February 9 - Irina Slutskaya, Russian figure skater
- February 11 - Brandy Norwood, American singer
- February 16 - Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
- February 21 - Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress and singer
- February 21 - Carlito, Puerto Rican Proffesional Wrestler
- February 22 - Patrick Merrill, Canadian lacrosse player
- March 5 - Flick Shagwell, British porn actress
- March 6 - Erik Bedard, Canadian pitcher
- March 9 - Melina Perez, American professional wrestler
- March 11 - Benji Madden and Joel Madden, twins from Good Charlotte
- March 12 - Pete Doherty, British singer and guitarist (The Libertines and Babyshambles)
- March 30 - Norah Jones, American musician
- April 4 - Heath Ledger, Australian actor
- April 8 - Alexi Laiho, Finnish guitarist (Children of Bodom)
- April 10 - Rachel Corrie, American activist (d. 2003)
- April 10 - Tsuyoshi Domoto, Japanese entertainer (Kinki Kids)
- April 10 - Sophie Ellis-Bextor, British singer
- April 12 - Claire Danes, American actress
- April 14 - Pierre Roland, Indonesian actor
- April 18 - Vahid Rahbani, Iranian director
- April 18 - Michael Bradley, American basketball player
- April 19 - Kate Hudson, American actress
- April 19 - Antoaneta Stefanova, Bulgarian chess player
- April 22 - Daniel Johns, Australian musician (silverchair)
- April 27 - Travis Meeks, American musician (Days of the New)
- April 27 - Will Boyd, American musician
- April 28 - Jorge Garcia, American actor
- May 2 - Roman Lyashenko, Russian hockey player (d. 2003)
- May 5 - Bipasha Basu, Indian actress and model
- May 9 - Rosario Dawson, American actress
- May 9 - Pierre Bouvier, Canadian musician
- May 12 - Adrian Serioux, Canadian footballer
- May 18 - Mariusz Lewandowski, Polish footballer
- May 24 - Tracy McGrady, American basketball player
- May 25 - Jonny Wilkinson, British rugby union player
- May 26 - Ashley Massaro, American professional wrestler and model
- May 29 - Casey Sheehan, American soldier (Son of anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan)
- June 5 - Pete Wentz, American bassist and lyricist (Fall Out Boy)
- June 8 - Pete Orr, Canadian baseball player
- June 12 - Wil Horneff, American actor
- June 13 - Nila Håkedal, Norwegian beach volleyball player
- June 18 - Yumiko Kobayashi, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
- June 19 - John Duddy, Irish boxer
- June 23 - LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player
- June 24 - Craig Shergold, British cancer patient
- June 28 - Randy McMichael, American football player
- June 29 - Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer
- June 30 - Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor
- July 3 - Ludivine Sagnier, French model and actress
- July 4 - Martin Shearman-Brettle, English composer
- July 5 - Amélie Mauresmo, French tennis player
- July 21 - David Carr, American football player
- July 24 - Stat Quo, American rapper
- July 26 - Johnson Beharry, British war hero
- July 26 - Tamyra Gray, American singer
- July 27 - Jorge Arce, Mexican boxer
- July 27 - Shannon Moore, American Profesional Wrestler
- July 30 - Graeme McDowell, Northern Irish professional golfer
- July 30 - Ian Watkins, lead singer of the Welsh alternative metal band Lostprophets
- August 2 - Elidet Reyes, Media Critic
- August 5 - David Healy, Northern Irish footballer
- August 10 - Joanna Garcia, American actress
- August 10 - Ted Geoghegan, American screenwriter
- August 11 - Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
- August 13 - Taizo Sugimura, Japanese politician
- August 16 - Sarah Balabagan, Filipina prisoner and singer
- August 26 - Jamal Lewis, American football player
- August 28 - Robert Hoyzer, German football referee
- September 8 - P!nk, American singer
- September 13 - Ivan Miljković, Serbian volleyball player
- September 14 - Stuart Fielden, English rugby league player
- September 15 - Amy Davidson, American actress
- September 17 - Akin Ayodele, American football player
- September 28 - Bam Margera, American skater
- October 1 - Rudi Johnson, American football player
- October 9 - Brandon Routh, American actor
- October 10 - Mya, American singer and actress
- October 13 - Ryan Malcolm, Canadian singer
- October 14 - Stacy Keibler, American professional wrestler
- October 17 - Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish race car driver
- October 20 - John Krasinski, American actor
- October 30 - Yukie Nakama, Japanese actress
- November 1 - Coco Crisp, American baseball player
- November 4 - Audrey Hollander, American pornographic actress
- November 6 - Lamar Odom, American basketball player
- November 7 - Jon Peter Lewis, American singer and songwriter
- November 8 - Aaron Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
- November 13 - Ron Artest, American basketball player
- November 14 - Mavie Hörbiger, German actress
- November 22 - Mohammad Tanzeel-ul-siddiqi al-husaini, Pakistani author
- November 22 - Chris Doran, Irish singer
- November 27 - Ricky Carmichael, American Motocross Champion
- November 27 - The Game, American rap artist
- November 28 - Jamie Korab, Canadian curler
- November 28 - Hakeem Seriki, a.k.a. Chamillionaire American rapper
- November 29 - Jayceon Taylor, a.k.a. The Game, American rapper
- December 3 - Rainbow Sun Francks, Canadian actor and singer
- December 3 - Daniel Bedingfield, English pop singer and songwriter
- December 7 - Ayako Fujitani, Japanese actress
- December 12 - Nate Clements, American football player
- December 14 - Michael Owen, English footballer
- December 15 - Adam Brody, American actor
- December 17 - William Green, American football player
- December 18 - Amy Grabow, American actress
- December 23 - Summer Altice, American model and actress
- December 26 - Chris Daughtry, American singer
- December 27 - Carson Palmer, American football player
- December 28 - James Blake, American tennis pro
- December 31 - Elaine Cassidy, Irish actress
- January 3 - Conrad Hilton, American hotelier (b. 1887)
- January 5 - Charles Mingus, American musician (b. 1922)
- January 8 - Sara Carter, American bluegrass and country singer (b. 1898)
- January 13 - Donny Hathaway, American musician (b. 1945)
- January 26 - Nelson Rockefeller, Governor of New York, Vice President of the United States (b. 1908)
- February 2 - Sid Vicious, English musician (Sex Pistols) (drug overdose) (b. 1957)
- February 2 - Issa Pliyev, Soviet general (b. 1903)
- February 7 - Josef Mengele, Nazi war criminal (b. 1911)
- February 9 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
- February 12 - Jean Renoir, French film director (b. 1894)
- February 14 - Reginald Maudling, British politician (b. 1917)
- February 23 - W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
- February 28 - Mr. Ed, American talking horse (b. 1949)
- March 1 - Mustafa Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician (b. 1903)
- March 19 - Richard Beckinsale, British actor (b. 1947)
- March 23 - Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
- March 28 - Emmett Kelly, American clown (b. 1898)
- March 29 - Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra, King of Malaysia (b. 1917)
- March 30 - Airey Neave, British politician (assassinated) (b. 1916)
- April 4 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan (executed) (b. 1928)
- April 4 - Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
- April 10 - Nino Rota, Italian composer (b. 1911)
- April 23 - Blair Peach, New Zealand-born anti-Nazi campaigner (killed by police) (b. 1946)
- May 2 - Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
- May 11 - Barbara Hutton, American socialite (b. 1912)
- May 29 - Mary Pickford, Canadian actress and studio founder (b. 1892)
- June 1 - Werner Forssmann, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1904)
- June 11 - John Wayne, American actor (b. 1907)
- June 17 - Duffy Lewis, baseball player (b. 1888)
- June 19 - Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)
- June 21 - Angus MacLise, American percussionist, composer, mystic, shaman, poet, occultist, calligrapher and original drummer for the Velvet Underground (b. 1938)
- June 29 - Lowell George, American musician (Little Feat) (b. 1945)
- July 3 - Louis Durey, French composer (b. 1888)
- July 8 - Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
- July 8 - Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
- July 10 - Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
- July 12 - Minnie Riperton, American singer (b. 1947)
- July 16 - Alfred Deller, English countertenor (b. 1912)
- July 22 - Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian Footballer (b. 1929)
- July 29 - Bill Todman, American game show producer (b. 1916)
- August 2 - Thurman Munson, baseball player (b. 1947)
- August 3 - Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- August 6 - Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
- August 9 - Walter O'Malley, baseball executive (b. 1903)
- August 12 - Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1906)
- August 17 - Vivian Vance, American actress (b. 1909)
- August 27 - Earl Mountbatten, last British Viceroy of India (assassinated) (b. 1900)
- August 31 - Sally Rand, American dancer (b. 1904)
- September 5 - Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (b. 1884)
- September 8 - Jean Seberg, American actress (b. 1938)
- September 10 - Agostinho Neto, Angolan nationalist (b. 1922)
- September 20 - Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, King of Malaysia (b. 1907)
- September 28 - John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
- September 29 - Francisco Macías Nguema, first president of Equatorial Guinea
- October 6 - Elizabeth Bishop, American poet (b. 1911)
- October 10 - Dr Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
- October 13 - Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (b. 1886)
- October 16 - Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (b. 1903)
- October 22 - Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (b. 1887)
- October 26 - Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea (b. 1917)
- October 30 - Barnes Wallis, British aeronautical engineer (b. 1887)
- October 30 - Donna Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (b. 1890)
- November 1 - Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
- November 17 - Immanuel Velikovsky, Author of "Worlds In Collision" and psychiatrist
- November 29 - Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
- December 3 - Dhyan Chand, Indian hockey player (b. 1905)
- December 23 - Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (b. 1898)
- December 27 - Hafizullah Amin, President of Afghanistan (b. 1929)
 Nobel prizes
 1979 in fiction
 External links
ht:1979 (almanak gregoryen)