1964 Summer Olympics
Learn more about 1964 Summer Olympics
|Games of the XVIII Olympiad|
|Host city||Tokyo, Japan|
|Athletes participating|| 5,140|
(4,457 men, 683 women)
|Events||163 in 19 sports|
|Opening ceremony||October 10, 1964|
|Closing ceremony||October 24, 1964|
|Officially opened by||HIM Emperor Hirohito|
|Athlete's Oath||Takashi Ono|
|Olympic Torch||Yoshinori Sakai|
|Stadium||National Olympic Stadium|
The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, were held in 1964 in Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo, which won the rights to the games in 1958 over the bids from Detroit, Buenos Aires and Vienna, had been awarded with the organisation of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honour had been passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China. The 1940 Olympics were eventually cancelled because of the outbreak of World War II. The 1964 Summer games marked the first time the Olympics were held in Asia .
- Yoshinori Sakai, who lit the Olympic Flame, was born in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, the day the atomic bomb exploded there.
- Judo and volleyball, both popular sports in Japan, were introduced to the Olympics. Japan won three of the titles in judo, but Dutchman Anton Geesink won the Open category. The Japanese women's volleyball team won the gold medal, with the final being broadcasted live.
- Reigning world champion Osamu Watanabe capped off his career with a gold medal for Japan in freestyle wrestling, surrendering no points and retiring from competition as the only undefeated Olympic champion to date at 189-0.
- Soviet gymnast Larissa Latynina won two gold medals (both for the third time in a row in Team Competition and Floor Exercise events), a silver medal and two bronze medals. She ended her Olympic career and holds the record for most Olympic medals at 18 (9 gold, 5 silver, 4 bronze) since then.
- Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser won the 100 m freestyle event for the third time in a row, a feat matched by Vyacheslav Ivanov in rowing's single scull event.
- Don Schollander (USA) won four gold medals in swimming.
- Abebe Bikila became the first person to win the Olympic marathon twice.
- New Zealand's Peter Snell won a gold medal in both the 800 m and 1500 m.
- The women's pentathlon was introduced.
- American Billy Mills, a little-known distance runner, shocked everyone when he won the gold in the men's 10,000 m. No American had won it before and no American has won it since.
- Bob Hayes won the 100m title in a time of 9.99 seconds; however, this was not a world record as it was wind assisted.
 Medal count
These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:
|1||Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States||36||26||28||90|
|2||Image:Flag of the Soviet Union.svg USSR||30||31||35||96|
|3||Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan (host nation)||16||5||8||29|
|4||Image:Flag of Germany-1960-Olympics.svg United Team of Germany||10||22||18||50|
|5||Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy||10||10||7||27|
|6||Image:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary||10||7||5||22|
|7||Image:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg Poland||7||6||10||23|
|8||Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia||6||2||10||18|
|9||Image:Flag of Czechoslovakia (bordered).svg Czechoslovakia||5||6||3||14|
|10||Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain||4||12||2||18|
 Participating nations
A total of 94 nations were represented at the Tokyo Games.
- Olympic Stadium, now known as "National Stadium," was the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, and for track and field events.
- Nippon Budokan, or Japan Martial Arts Hall, was built to house the judo events, and is now one of Tokyo's best-known concert venues.
- Yoyogi National Gymnasium, adjacent to (and originally part of) the Meiji Shrine, houses swimming and gymnastics venues designed by architect Kenzo Tange. The Olympic Village, a redeveloped United States Army barracks originally called "Washington Heights," is located on the north side of Yoyogi Park.
- Komazawa Olympic Park in Setagaya hosted cycling events.
- Enoshima and Lake Sagami hosted yachting, canoeing, and rowing events.
- Karuizawa, in Nagano Prefecture west of Tokyo, hosted equestrian events.
 See also
- 1964 Summer Paralympics
- International Olympic Committee
- IOC country codes
- Tokyo Olympiad, a documentary film about the games
 External links
- IOC Site on 1964 Summer Olympics
- Official Report from the Organizing Committee (2 volumes) on the AAFLA website
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| Sports • Medal counts • NOCs|
Medalists • Symbols
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
|Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012|
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