Learn more about 1930
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s|
|Years:||1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933|
|1930 by topic:|
| Architecture - Art - Film - Literature |
Music (Country, UK) - Television - Home video
|Science and technology|
| Archaeology - Aviation |
Meteorology - Rail transport - Radio - Science
| Australia - Canada - France - Germany - India |
Ireland - Malaysia - Mexico - New Zealand
Singapore - South Africa - UK - Wales - Zimbabwe
|Awards - Sport - Law - State leaders - Sovereign states - Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
- February 18 - While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
- February 18 - Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.
- March 2 - Mohandas Gandhi informs British viceroy of India that civil disobedience would begin nine days later
- March 5 - Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe
- March 6 - first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
- March 12 - Mohandas Gandhi sets off to a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers to protest the British monopoly on salt - more will join them during the Salt March that ends on April 5
- March 28 - Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara
- March 29 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler
- March 31 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next forty years
- April 5 - In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
- April 6 - Hostess Twinkies are invented.
- April 21 - Fire in Ohio State Penitentiary near Columbus kills 320
- April 22 - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
- April 28 - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
- May 4/May 5 - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested again
- May 6 - The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran; 7.3 on the Richter Scale and killed 4,000 people.
- May 10 - National Pan-Hellenic Council is founded.
- May 15 - Aboard a Boeing tri-motor, Ellen Church becomes the first airline stewardess (the flight was from Oakland, California to Chicago, Illinois).
- May 17 - French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rheinland. They depart by June 30
- May 20 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in New York City
- May 24 - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).
- May 30 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in Hollywood to work for Paramount Pictures - they part ways by October
- June 9 - Chicago Tribune journalist Alfred Liddle is shot in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Liddle is later found to have had contacts to organized crime
- June 17 - U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
- June 17 - Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans mass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
- June 21 - One-year conscription comes into force in France
- July 5 - The Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican Christian bishops opens. This conference approved the use of artificial birth control in limited circumstances, marking a controversial turning point in Christian views on contraception.
- July 7 - Lapua Movement marches in Helsinki, Finland
- July 7 - Building of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam) is started.
- July 13 - The first Football World Cup starts: Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France against Mexico
- July 26 - Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles - driving 11 555 km using only a reverse gear. The trip lasts the next 42 days
- July 28 - Richard B. Bennett defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King in federal elections and becomes the Prime Minister of Canada
- July 30 - Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in the first soccer World Cup Final
- July 31 - The radio mystery program The Shadow airs for the first time.
- August 7 - Richard Bedford Bennett becomes Canada's eleventh prime minister.
- August 9 - Betty Boop premiers in the animated film Dizzy Dishes.
- August 12 - Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents
- August 27 - Military junta takes over in Peru.
- September 6 - José Félix Uriburu makes a successful military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina.
- September 8 - 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape.
- September 12 - Wilfred Rhodes end his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
- September 14 - National socialists win 107 seats in German parliament - 18.3% of all the votes makes them second largest party
- October 5 - British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
- October 24 - Brazil - Revolution of 1930 by Getúlio Dornelles Vargas
- November 1 - William Joseph Dess is born in New Castle, PA to Joseph and Mary Dess.
- November 2 - Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
- November 25 - An earthquake in the Izu Peninsula of Japan kills 223 people and destroys 650 buildings
- December 2 - Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
- December 19 - Merapi volcano erupts - 1300 dead.
- December 24 - In London, Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
- December 28 - Mohandas Gandhi leaves for Britain for negotiations.
- December 29 - Sir Muhammad Iqbal's presidential address in Allahabad introduces the Two-Nation Theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan.
 Unknown dates
- British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Palestine
- Rafael Leónidas Trujillo takes over in the Dominican Republic
- The Federal Bureau of Narcotics replaces the Narcotics Division of the Prohibition Unit.
- Walther Bothe and H. Becker discover the neutron.
- Abkhazia and Georgia, autonomous republics of the Soviet Union, are merged.
- The University of Queensland starts the pitch drop experiment.
- Jake paralysis outbreak occurs in United States.
- Bernhard Schmidt invents the Schmidt Camera.
- January 2 - Julius LaRosa, American singer
- January 4 - Sorrell Booke, American actor (d. 1994)
- January 10 - Roy E. Disney, American film and television executive
- January 12 - Jennifer Johnston, Irish writer
- January 20 - Buzz Aldrin, American pilot and astronaut
- January 23 - Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- January 26 - John Straffen, British serial killer
- January 27 - Bobby Bland, American singer
- January 30 - Gene Hackman, American actor
- February 22 - Marni Nixon, American singer and actress
- February 27 - Joanne Woodward, American actress
- February 27 - Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
- February 28 - Leon Neil Cooper, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- March 3 - Heiner Geißler, German politician
- March 6 - Allison Hayes, American actress (d. 1977)
- March 6 - Lorin Maazel, French-born conductor
- March 7 - Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon
- March 10 - Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist and composer
- March 15 - Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- March 17 - James Irwin, astronaut (d. 1991)
- March 19 - Ornette Coleman, American musician
- March 20 - Willie Thrower, American football player
- March 22 - Pat Robertson, American televangelist
- March 22 - Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
- March 24 - David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
- March 24 - Steve McQueen, American actor, film director, and producer (d. 1980)
- March 25 - John Keel, American author
- March 26 - Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1981-2005)
- March 27 - David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
- March 28 - Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- March 30 - John Astin, American actor
- March 30 - Rolf Harris, Australian-born entertainer
- March 30 - Peter Marshall, American game show host
- April 3 - Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator and Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
- April 3 - Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
- April 8 - Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma
- April 10 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (d. 2001)
- April 11 - Anton LaVey, American religious leader (d. 1997)
- April 15 - Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
- April 16 - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (d. 2003)
- April 21 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
- April 24 - Richard Donner, American film director and producer
- April 25 - Paul Mazursky, American director and writer
- April 29 - Jean Rochefort, French actor
- May 4 - Roberta Peters, American soprano
- May 8 - Heather Harper, Irish soprano
- May 9 - Joan Sims, English actress (d. 2001)
- May 10 - Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
- May 15 - Jasper Johns, American painter
- May 19 - Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
- May 21 - Malcolm Fraser, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia
- May 22 - John Barth, American writer
- May 22 - Harvey Milk, American politician and civil rights activist (d. 1978)
- May 31 - Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer
- June 2 - Charles Conrad, astronaut (d. 1999)
- June 8 - Robert Aumann, German-born mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics
- June 9 - Monique Serf, French musician (d. 1997)
- June 12 - Jim Nabors, American actor, musician, and comedian
- June 17 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
- June 19 - Gena Rowlands, American actress
- June 22 - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
- June 24 - William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
- June 27 - Ross Perot, American billionaire and politician
- July 2 - Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
- July 3 - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
- July 4 - Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
- July 4 - George Steinbrenner, baseball team owner
- July 9 - Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger
- July 11 - Harold Bloom, American literary critic
- July 15 - Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (d. 2004)
- July 25 - Maureen Forrester, Canadian contralto
- July 25 - Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1985)
- July 28 - Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)
- August 1 - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist
- August 5 - Neil Armstrong, astronaut
- August 6 - Abbey Lincoln, American singer
- August 12 - George Soros, Hungarian-born businessman
- August 17 - Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998)
- August 21 - Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (d. 2002)
- August 25 - Sean Connery, Scottish actor
- August 30 - Warren Buffett, American investor
- September 3 - Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author (d. 2002)
- September 7 - King Baudouin I of Belgium (d. 1993)
- September 16 - Anne Francis, American actress
- September 25 - Shel Silverstein, American author, poet, and humorist (d. 1999)
- September 26 - Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
- September 30 - Ray Charles, American singer and musician (d. 2004)
- October 1 - Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
- October 1 - Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
- October 5 - Anne Haddy, Australian actress (d. 1999)
- October 5 - Pavel Popovich, cosmonaut
- October 5 - Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 6 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
- October 8 - Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996)
- October 10 - Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 10 - Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 11 - Sam Johnson, American politician
- October 17 - Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
- October 28 - Bernie Ecclestone, English auto racing tycoon
- October 29 - Puck Brouwer, Dutch athlete (d. 2006)
- October 30 - Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1956)
- October 30 - Timothy Findley, Canadian author (d. 2002)
- October 31 - Michael Collins, astronaut
- November 4 - Doris Roberts, American actress
- November 14 - Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (d. 1997)
- November 14 - Edward White, astronaut (d. 1967)
- November 16 - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer
- November 24 - Bob Friend, baseball player
- December 1 - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
- December 2 - Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- December 4 - Jim Hall, jazz guitarist
- December 6 - Daniel Lisulo, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 2000)
- December 11 - Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
- December 11 - Jim Williams, American antique dealer and preservationist
- December 15 - Edna O'Brien, Irish writer
- December 21 - Adebayo Adedeji, Nigerian UN official
 Date unknown
- February 14 - Sir Thomas MacKenzie, New Zealand Prime Minister and High Commissioner (b. 1854)
- February 23 - Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1907)
- February 27 - Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (b. 1898)
- March 2 - D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885)
- March 6 - Alfred von Tirpitz, German politician and admiral (b. 1848)
- March 8 - William Howard Taft, President of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1857)
- March 12 - William George Barker, Canadian pilot
- March 19 - Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
- March 24 - Eugeen Van Mieghem, Belgian painter (b. 1875)
- April 2 - Empress Zawditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
- April 21 - Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
- April 22 - Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet and novelist (b. 1866)
- May 13 - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1861)
- May 25 - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
- June 5 - Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
- July 7 - Arthur Conan Doyle, British author (b. 1859)
- July 28 - Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862)
- August 15 - Florian Cajori, Swiss-born historian of mathematics (b. 1859)
- August 29 - William Archibald Spooner, British scholar and Anglican priest (b. 1844)
- September 24 - William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
- October 26 - Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1872)
- November 4 - Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
- November 5 - Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
- December 9 - Andrew "Rube" Foster, Negro League baseball player
- December 9 - Laura Muntz Lyall, Canadian painter (b. 1860)
- December 13 - Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
- Labor Activist Mary Harris Jones dies at age 93
- Arne Løchen, Norwegian philosopher
 Nobel prizes
- Physics - Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
- Chemistry - Hans Fischer
- Physiology or Medicine - Karl Landsteiner
- Literature - Sinclair Lewis
- Peace - Archbishop Lars Olof Nathan Söderblom
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