1900 Summer Olympics

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Games of the II Olympiad

Host city Paris, France
Nations participating 24
Athletes participating 997
Events 95 in 19 sports<ref name=sports>The IOC site for the 1900 Olympic Games claims 18 sports, but lists 19 when the "18" is clicked on. The site includes the two disciplines of swimming and water polo in the single sport "aquatics".</ref>
Opening ceremony May 14, 1900<ref name=ceremony>There were no actual ceremonies for either the opening or closing of the Games. Dates listed are for the beginning and end of competition.</ref>
Closing ceremony October 28, 1900<ref name=ceremony/>
Officially opened by
Stadium Vélodrome de Vincennes

The 1900 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, were held in 1900 in Paris, France. Despite Greek efforts to keep the Games in their country, the International Olympic Committee decided to hold them at a different place each Games. The Games competed for visitors with the 1900 World's Fair, which was also held at Paris at the same time. The 1900 Games also marked the first participation by female athletes.

Contents

[edit] Highlights

  • Alvin Kraenzlein won the 60 metres (he was one of two people to win this event), the 110 metres, the 220 metre hurdles, and the long jump events; as of 2005, these four individual gold medals are still a record for a track and field athlete. For his victory in the long jump, he was allegedly punched in the face by his rival Meyer Prinstein, who was prevented from competing in the final by officials of Syracuse University, because it was scheduled for a Sunday.
  • Charlotte Cooper was the first woman to become Olympic champion after winning the women's singles tennis competition. She later went on to win the mixed doubles tournament.
  • Three marathon runners from the United States contested the result saying the French runners who got first and second places took a short cut, and the proof was they were the only contestants not spattered with mud. The IOC only confirmed the results twelve years later.

[edit] Sports

20 disciplines, comprising 19 sports, were part of the Olympic program in Paris. Weightlifting and wrestling had been dropped since the 1896 Summer Olympics, but 13 new ones were added. Swimming and water polo are considered to be two disciplines within the single sport called aquatics in the Olympic context.

[edit] Participating nations

The following 24 nations sent competitors to the 1900 Olympic Games, according to the IOC.

Some sources also list athletes from the following nations as having competed at these Games.

[edit] Medal count

Gold, silver, and bronze medals were retroactively awarded by the International Olympic Committee to reflect later practice of awarding such medals to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place competitors, respectively. Early Olympic Games, such as the 1900 Summer Olympics, had no set schedule of awards.

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1900 Games.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Image:Flag of France.svg France (host nation) 26 41 34 92
2 Image:US flag 45 stars.svg United States 19 14 14 47
3 Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain 15 6 9 30
4 Image:Flag of the Olympic Movement.svg Mixed team 6 3 3 12
5 Image:Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland 6 2 1 9
6 Image:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium 5 5 5 15
7 Image:Flag of the German Empire.svg Germany 4 2 2 8
8 Image:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy 2 1 0 3
9 Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Australia 2 0 3 5
10 Image:Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark 1 3 2 6
Image:Hungary flag 1867.png Hungary 1 3 2 6

[edit] Notes

<references />

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Olympic Games}"> |
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SportsMedal countsNOCs
MedalistsSymbols
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012
ar:ألعاب أولمبية صيفية 1900

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1900 Summer Olympics

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