Learn more about 13th century
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages.
- 1206 - Mongols united under Temujin, who is proclaimed "Genghis Khan".
- Most of Asia and Eastern Europe is conquered and incorporated into the Mongol Empire
- Ogedei Khan establish Mongolian dynasty in China. Some Mongol leaders convert from Tantric Buddhism to Islam.
- 1204 - Fourth Crusade sacks Byzantine Constantinople and creates the Latin Empire.
- Fifth through eighth crusades of western European kingdoms against Islam
- Teutonic Knights begin activity in Eastern Europe.
- Battle of Bouvines
- 1215 - King John of England forced to sign Magna Carta at Runnymede
- Fall of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. Sicily and Naples are acquired by the French count Charles I of Naples.
- Marco Polo and his family reach China
- Fall of the Ghana Empire
- 1270 - restoration of Solomonic dynasty in Ethiopia, deposing the Zagwe dynasty.
- James I of Aragon takes control of Balearic Islands and Valencia. In 1282, after the Sicilian Vespers, Aragon acquires Sicily.
- Andrew II of Hungary signs the Golden Bull which afferms the privileges of Hungarian nobility.
- Theravada overtakes Mahayana as the dominant form of Buddhism in Cambodia.
- Persian historian Rashid al-Din records eleven Buddhist texts circulating in Arabic translation.
- 1238 - The Thai Kingdom of Sukhothai is established, with Theravada Buddhism as the state religion. Later in the century it vassalises significant parts of modern Thailand, Laos, Burma, and Malaysia.
- Norway cedes the Isle of Man to Scotland, following the signing of the Treaty of Perth.
- First European universities founded.
- The Utiguri Bulgar state on the Volga vanishes from history.
- Bantu-speaking peoples arrive in modern Angola, partially displacing the original Khoisan inhabitants.
- The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 in Spain sees the beginning of a rapid Christian reconquest of the southern half of the Iberian peninsula, with the defeat of Moorish forces.
- The Swiss Confederation is formed by Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden
- End of Hohenstaufen dynasty at the Battle of Tagliacozzo. The Kingdom of Sicily goes to French Anjou house.
- A period of civil unrest, Sturlungaöld, leads to Iceland becoming part of the Kingdom of Norway
 Significant people
- Albertus Magnus, German philosopher and theologian
- Alexander of Hales, philosopher and theologian
- Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod and Vladimir
- Béla IV of Hungary rebuilder of Hungary after the devastating Mongol invasion
- Birger jarl, Swedish statesman, earl, and founder of Stockholm
- Bonaventure, Franciscan theologian
- Dante Alighieri, Italian writer
- Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order
- Frederick II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
- Genghis Khan, founder of Mongol Empire
- Giotto di Bondone Italian painter
- Ibn Taymiyyah, famous Hanbali, Salafi Scholar of Islam
- Kublai Khan, Khan ruler, founder of Yuan Dynasty in China
- Lembitu, Estonian ruler
- Louis IX of France, St. Louis, French king and crusader
- Petrus Peregrinus, scientist
- Ramon Llull, Majorcan philosopher
- Robert Grosseteste, English statesman, theologian, and scientist
- Roger Bacon, Franciscan, philosopher, and scientist
- Saadi Persian poet
- Snorri Sturluson, historian and saga-writer
- Sundiata Keita semi-historical founder of the Mali Empire
- Thomas Aquinas, theologian
- William Wallace, Scottish national leader
- William Marshal, knight and statesman.
 Inventions, discoveries, introductions
 Decades and years
 External links
jv:Abad kaping 13
vi:Thế kỷ 13